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Greek Scientists....

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by

Yasmin Bailey

on 9 August 2012

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Transcript of Greek Scientists....

....Amazing Greek Science Who can give me a name of a scientist from the time of the Ancient Greeks? 600 BCE
Thales of Miletus 500
Democritus of Abdera 460 -377
Hippocrates of Kos 384-322
Aristotle 300
Euclid 310-c.230
Aristarchus of Samus 287-212
Archimedes 275-192
Eratosthenes Mathematician and Astronomer...
Calculated the sized of pyramids
Predicted the Solar Eclipse of
28 May 587 Proposed the idea of matter being made up of atoms...
atomos is a Greek Word meaning uncuttable.... The founder of modern medicine..... The founder of modern science..
He studied biology but was also a physicist, philosopher and poet... Mathematician
Father of Geometry
His text book Elements was used to teach mathematics until the early 20th century...
He also wrote on optics and the theory of music. Astronomer...
First to record the sheer scale of the universe and propose the movement of the planets around the Sun.... Engineer, Physicist
Founder of modern physics
He invented a device to lift ships out of the water using levers....
Famous for eureka.... Physicist and Mathematician
Calatolgued several hundred stars
Calculated the circumference of the earth, wrote poetry, music and comedies, wrote 2 dictionaries and a book on grammar...and was nicknamed BETA....????? He was born on the island of KOS He was the first Greek physician to
reject the idea that illness was brought
by the Gods. He believed that it was caused
by imbalanced of the four Humors of the body... HUMORS Followers of Hippocrates
believed that the body was made up of...
Black bile Yellow bile Blood and Phlegm Hippocrates was very good at diagnosis..
He took samples of vomit, ear wax, pee, infected wounds, tears....and ........ He did get a few things wrong...

He said there were 91 bones in the body when there are 206!

Perhaps this is because physicians rarely did surgery as the risk of infection was too high.

He was famous for using herbs for treatments. What else is Hippocrates famous for....
being honest and kind to his patients and leaving us the
Hippocratic Oath. ( Though he did burn down a temple??)
Today doctors in half of the UK Universities
say the Hippocratic Oath when they graduate :) tasted them!!!!!!!! So if you were suffering from Dropsy (excesive fluid in your body) what could you do?
Sadly the famous philospher Heraclitus (500 - 450 BCE) had this a condition - so if he was cold and wet he would need to be hot and increase his yellow bile. He asked to be buried up to his neck in fresh hot cow manure.... sadly he died....he should have gone to Hippocrates.... I SWEAR in the presence of the Almighty and before my family, my teachers and my peers that according to my ability and judgment I will keep this Oath and Stipulation.
TO RECKON all who have taught me this art equally dear to me as my parents and in the same spirit and dedication to impart a knowledge of the art of medicine to others. I will continue with diligence to keep abreast of advances in medicine. I will treat without exception all who seek my ministrations, so long as the treatment of others is not compromised thereby, and I will seek the counsel of particularly skilled physicians where indicated for the benefit of my patient. I SWEAR by Apollo the physician, Aesculapius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses, that, according to my ability and judgement, I will keep this Oath and this stipulation.
TO RECHON him who taught me this Art equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substance with him, and relieve his necessities if required; to look up his offspring in the same footing as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or stipulation; and that by precept, lecture, and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the Art to my own sons, and those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath according the law of medicine, but to none others. The Asclepeion Cholesterol
Origin of the word: The word cholesterol is a combination of the Greek word ‘chole’ meaning ‘bile’ and ‘steros’ which means ‘solid’.

Treated with flax seeds... Diabetes
Origin of the word: The word diabetes was coined from the Greek prefix ‘dia’ meaning ‘apart’ and the word ’bainein’ which means ‘to stand.

Very rare in ancient Greece as they ate a healthy diet and exercised. Treatments were cumin and fenugreek. Anemia
Origin of the word: Anemia is a derived from the Greek word anaimia which means a lack of blood.

Beetroot was used by ancient Greeks to treat anemia and other related conditions. Modern research has found that beetroot contains high quality iron that is easily absorbed by the body. Migraine
Origin of the word: The term ‘migraine’ derives from the ancient Greek term hemikrania, which comes from the Greek words ‘hemi’ and ‘crania’ for ‘half’ and ‘skull’. Acne
Origin of the word: The word acne comes from the Greek word ‘akmas’ which means ‘point’.

Treatment - many including honey and sulphur. Plague
Origin of the word: The word plague is again borrowed from the Greek word ‘plaga’, which means a blow or stroke. Greece was struck by an outbreak in the summer of 430 or 429 BC that left them all too familiar with the dreaded disease.
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