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Drug of Abuse & Prevention

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Mia Flores

on 12 September 2015

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Transcript of Drug of Abuse & Prevention

Drugs are any substances or chemicals which when taken into the body either through nasal, oral, transdermal or intravenous way have psychological, emotional and behavioral effects on a person.
Drug Abuse
Drug Abuse is the use of a substance for non-medicinal purposes. Abuse leads to organ damage like brain damage and liver damage, addiction and troubled behavioral patterns.
Drug Dependence
Drug dependence is a cluster of physiological, behavioral and cognitive phenomena of variable intensity in which the use of a drug takes on a high priority thereby creating a strong desire to take the substances.
Drug User
The term “drug user” can describe an individual who uses a substance that can change how their body and mind works. The term drug user refers to the taking of a drug, either by swallowing, smoking, injecting or any other way of getting the drug into the blood stream.
Signs of Drug Abuse
Bloodshot eyes, pupils larger or smaller than usual.
Changes in appetite or sleep patterns.
Sudden weight loss or weight gain.
Deterioration of physical appearance, personal grooming habits.
Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing.
Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination.
The Six Classifications of Drugs
Drug of Abuse & Prevention
Grade 9 - Lavoisier
Group 4
Example: alcohol, solvents, temazepam
Gateway Drugs
Weaken the immune system, increasing susceptibility to infections.
Cause cardiovascular conditions ranging from abnormal heart rate to heart attacks. Injected drugs can also lead to collapsed veins and infections of the blood vessels and heart valves.
Cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Cause the liver to have to work harder, possibly causing significant damage or liver failure.
Examples: Amphetamines, Dextroamphetamine, Methamphetamine and Methylphenidate
Stimulants create fake messages in the brain, telling the body that it's under stress.
Blood to skin decreases; the body is less able to cool itself. Overheating is a risk.
Heart rate speeds up. Blood vessels to the heart constrict.
The liver releases sugar into the blood, reducing the body's energy stores.
RESULT:If real stress occurs,
won't able to respond.
Examples of hallucinogens include mushrooms, acid (LSD), ketamine, PCP, dextromethorphan and peyote (mescaline drug). The 'hallucinations' which are caused by some of these kinds of drugs may make you see, hear, smell, taste or feel things that are not real.
Flashbacks or recurrences of an trip
Decreased motivation
Prolonged depression
Increased panic
Impaired memory and concentration
Inhalants include chemicals found in such household products as aerosol sprays, cleaning fluids, glue, paint, paint thinner, nail polish remover, amyl nitrite and lighter fuel. They are sniffed or “huffed” (act of inhaling vapors).
Drug Prevention
Reasons Behind Drug Abuse
People take drugs because they want to change some-thing about their lives. Here are some of the reasons young people have given for taking drugs:
To fit in, to escape or relax, to relieve boredom, to seem grown up, to rebel and to experiment. They think drugs are a solution. But eventually, the drugs become the problem.Difficult as it may be to face one’s problems, the consequences of drug use are always worse than the problem one is trying to solve with them. The real answer is to get the facts and not to take drugs in the first place.
Effective approaches to school-based drug and alcohol prevention include teaching students how to resist peer influences, improving generic life skills, involving families, and providing opportunities to become involved in positive experiences with others in the school and community . In contrast, ineffective approaches include those that group substance users together and approaches that focus only on information dissemination or teaching about the dangers of substance use. Effective programs for elementary school students address issues such as self-control, emotional awareness, communication skills, and social problem-solving skills; and effective programs for older students seek to build communication skills; self-efficacy and assertiveness, and drug resistance skills .
Role of School in Preventing Drug Abuse
The activities must aim to prevent drug abuse by youth in your community. To be able to do this,
your community must build partnerships with as many groups and individuals within your community as possible. This will increase the resources available, but more importantly, it will get a large group of people working towards the same goal.
Preventing drug abuse in children and teenagers

Communicate. Talk to your children about the risks of drug use and abuse.
Listen. Be a good listener when your children talk about peer pressure, and be supportive of their efforts to resist it.
Set a good example. Don't abuse alcohol or addictive drugs. Children of parents who abuse drugs are at greater risk of drug addiction.
Strengthen the bond. Work on your relationship with your children. A strong, stable bond between you and your child will reduce your child's risk of using or abusing drugs.
Stick with your treatment plan. Monitor your cravings. It may seem like you've recovered and you don't need to keep taking steps to stay drug-free. But your chances of staying drug-free will be much higher if you continue seeing your counselor, going to support group meetings and taking prescribed medication.
Avoid high-risk situations. Don't go back to the neighborhood where you used to get your drugs. And stay away from your old drug crowd.
Get help immediately if you use the drug again. If you start using the drug again, talk to your doctor, your mental health provider or someone else who can help you right away.
Preventing a relapse
Once you've been addicted to a drug, you're at high risk of falling back into a pattern of addiction. If you do start using the drug, it's likely you'll lose control over its use again — even if you've had treatment and you haven't used the drug for some time.

Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction
Medication and behavioral therapy, especially when combined, are important elements of an overall therapeutic process that often begins with detoxification, followed by treatment and relapse prevention. Easing withdrawal symptoms can be important in the initiation of treatment; preventing relapse is necessary for maintaining its effects. And sometimes, as with other chronic conditions, episodes of relapse may require a return to prior treatment components. A continuum of care that includes a customized treatment regimen—addressing all aspects of an individual's life, including medical and mental health services—and follow–up options (e.g., community–or family-based recovery support systems) can be crucial to a person's success in achieving and maintaining a drug–free lifestyle.
Medications can be used to help with different aspects of the treatment process.

. Medications offer help in suppressing withdrawal symptoms during detoxification. However, medically assisted detoxification is not in itself "treatment"—it is only the first step in the treatment process. Patients who go through medically assisted withdrawal but do not receive any further treatment show drug abuse patterns similar to those who were never treated.

Medications can be used to help reestablish normal brain function and to prevent relapse and diminish cravings. Currently, we have medications for opioids (heroin, morphine), tobacco (nicotine), and alcohol addiction and are developing others for treating stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) addiction. Most people with severe addiction problems, however, are polydrug users (users of more than one drug) and will require treatment for all of the substances that they abuse.
Behavioral Treatments
Behavioral treatments
help patients engage in the treatment process, modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug abuse, and increase healthy life skills. These treatments can also enhance the effectiveness of medications and help people stay in treatment longer. Treatment for drug abuse and addiction can be delivered in many different settings using a variety of behavioral approaches.

Outpatient behavioral
treatment encompasses a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a clinic at regular intervals. Most of the programs involve individual or group drug counseling.
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