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Six-Day War 1967

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Shamma AlMutaiwei

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Six-Day War 1967

Six-Day War
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
1967
General information about the 1960’s
- The standards of living of Arabs have improved because of patrol, (hospitals, schools, and homes were build)


- Vietnam war was a long costly war, started in the 50’s, and end in the 70’s, in the 60’s more military was involved.

- Martin Luther King started his life in civil rights movements, and he was assassinated in 1968.


A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war, especially that which existed between the United States and Soviet Union following World War II

Cold War
("the free dictionary", 2013).
(Goff, 2007)
(Spector, 2013)
("Biography", 2013)

The berlin wall was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. It was supposed to stop West Berliners and citizen of East Germany from fleeing. 1961 the ruling communist party in East Germany began adding many-layered system of barriers. In the west they call it “death strip” because so many people were killed while trying to flee.

Berlin wall
The Vietnam War

The Prague Spring of 1968 is the term used for the brief period of time when the government of Czechoslovakia led by Alexander Dubček seemingly wanted to democratize the nation and lessen the stranglehold Moscow had on the nation’s affairs. The Prague Spring ended with a Soviet invasion, the removal of Alexander Dubček as party leader and an end to reform within Czechoslovakia .

Prague spring of 1968
("The cold war," 2013)
The Involvement of the US in the Six Day war
The Six Day war that started on the 5th of June 1967 was a profound event in the Middle Eastern history.


• The US tried to prevent war through negotiations but failed at that attempt because they were not able to persuade Nasser or the other Arab states to stop action.

• “Right before the war, Johnson warned: "Israel will not be alone unless it decides to go alone."”

• “Then, when the war began, the State Department announced: "Our position is neutral in thought, word and deed."”

Involvement of the US
The US president
The president of the United States during the Six Day war was Lyndon B. Johnson.

- Lyndon B. Johnson was the 36th president of the United States.

- He was in office from November 22, 1963 to January 20, 1969.

• In 1967, the US cut all economic assistance to Egypt. Because of this, the Egyptians sought help from the Soviets.

• During the Six Day war, the US repeatedly rejected Israel’s request for military aid and they also rejected the idea of Israel attacking Egypt.

• Although the US refused to help the Israeli military, they began to soften to their idea of an independent Jewish state.

Involvement of the US
Modernization in the Middle East
The Start of the War
• In April 1967 Israel army put down six of the Syrian Soviet made.

• The Syrian asked the Egyptian leader Gamal Abd Al Nasser for help.

• Gamal Abd Al Nasser prepared his army and removed the UN peacekeeping force from Egyptian-Israeli border and the Straits of Tiran.

• Closing the strait of Tiran and cutting the Israelis primary oil supplies and not allowing the Israelis shipping to pass through.


• June 5 1967 Israeli start attacking the Egyptian Air force and destroying more than 300 of Egypt combat planes.

(Roberts, 2007)
Israeli Military
• Israel had one of the most powerful military forces during the 1960’s.

• Israelis were training and planning for more than two years for the six-day war.

• They had 175 jets, 206 aircrafts, 25 brigades, and nearly 1,000 battle tanks.

• Israel faced battles from two sides, so they planned to gain air superiority by destroying Egyptian aircrafts on the ground to prevent them from taking off.
• One of the Israelis war trick, the media announced two days before the war that many of the Israelis soldiers sent home for the weekend.

• After achieving the air superiority, Israelis focused on the ground forces.

• Israel faced many obstacles but they were aware of them and they prepared themselves for them. For example, the softness of the Sinai sands, and high temperature especially in the desert.

(“1967 Arab-Israeli War”, 2008)

Egyptian Forces
- The USSR provided the Egyptian forces with modern tanks and aircrafts.

- The USSR suggested for the Egyptian a tactic to help them in the war against Israel.


Egyptian Military Tactic
- 100,000 troops.

- Divided into three lines.

- Prevent any Israeli penetration.

The Relationship with the Soviet Union.
Egyptian Military Weapons
MiG-17

MIG-19

MIG-21

T-34 tank

Mirage IIIC

Kalashnikov-Ak-47


Israel territory expanded three times bigger than before the war.

Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan, and Syria and occupied the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank,
East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.

Israel claimed Jerusalem as their capital.

(Schulze, 1999)

It is a resolution that called Arab states to accept Israel’s existence and the right to live in peace without threats, but it also called the Israeli to withdraw from the lands they occupied in 1967.
(United Nations Resolution 242, 2013)

During the war, refuges numbers have increased “over 200,000 Palestinians crossed from the West Bank to the East Bank in Jordan.” And only few were allowed to return to some of the occupied lands after the war.

(Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008)

Aftermath of the war

Israel won the six-day war and their victory was a humiliation for the Arab world.

The US realized how strong the Israeli military was, and they started to support their reliable military.

After the war Israel was seen as a dominant power in the Arab region.

Egypt was forced to abandon its involvement in the Yemen war, and Nasser leadership of the Arab world was greatly reduced.

“Nassir resigned, but the Egyptian masses demanded his return”
(Schulze, 1999)

(Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008, p.402)

United Nation Resolution 242
Refuges
(Six-Day War, 2013)

Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008)

Palestine Liberation Organization is an organization that was formed by Nasser at an Arab summit meeting in Cairo in 1964 in order to control the Palestinian Fedayeen and prevent their actions from threatening the Arab region.

“Palestinian guerrilla groups emerged from the disasters of the 1967 war and formed loose alliances under the umbrella of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). The largest and best known of these groups was al-Fatah, led by Yasir Arafat.”

(Schulze, 1999)


Palestinian Liberation Organization
Attacked Israeli territories, but they failed to create a Palestinian state.

Israel tried to stop these attacks by assassinating the Palestinian leader.
(Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008)

Palestinian Liberation Organization
(Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008, p. 403)
The PLO was strong in Jordan.

King Hussein was afraid of the control the PLO had, so he launched an armed attack against them in 1970.

After the civil war in Jordan, the PLO moved to Lebanon.
(Goff, Moss, Terry, Upshur, & Schroeder, 2008)

War in Jordan
Land Expansion
Land Expansion
References
Berlin wall memorial. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.berliner-mauer-gedenkstaette.de/en/the-berlin-wall-10.html

Biography. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=6

Documentaries2008. (2008, October 31). 1967 Arab-Israeli War [Video file]. Retrieved from

Goff, R., Moss, W., Terry, J., Upshur, J., & Schroeder, M. (2008). The Twentieth Century and Beyond: A Global
History (7th ed). New york: McGraw-Hill.

Goof, R. (2007). The tweentieth century and beyond: A global history. (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Millar, J. (Director). (2012). History Channel Battlefield Detectives Israel's Six Day War [Motion Picture].


Oren, M. (Photogarpher). (2002). The Air War [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://books.google.ae/books?

Oren, M. (2002). Six days of was: June 1967 and the making of the modern middle east. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://books.google.ae/books?

Owen, N. (Writer), & Sheridan, C. (Director). (2013). The Six Day 1967 [Motion Picture].

Players: United States, The Six Day War, (2007) Retrieved from http://www.sixdaywar.org/content/usa.asp

Roberts, S. (Apr 16 , 2007). 1967 The Six_Day War. New York Times Upfront , 22.

Schulze, K.E. (1999). The Arab-Israeli Conflict. London: Longman.

Six-Day War. (2013). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/850855/Six-Day-War


Spector, H. (2013). Encyclobaedia britannica. Retrieved from http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/628478/Vietnam-War

The cold war. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/coldwar.htmThe Free Dictionary. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/cold+war

The Six-Day War Causes and Consequences. (2007). Retrieved Dec 2013, from The Six-Day War: http://www.sixdaywar.org/index.asp

The Six-Day War: Background & Overview, Jewish Virtual Library, (2013) Retrieved from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/67_War.html#N_17_

The Six-Day War. (2007). The Six Day War. Retrieved 12 6, 2013, from Camera Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America: http://www.sixdaywar.org/content/southernfront.asp

United Nations Resolution 242. (2013). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1387642/United-Nations-Resolution-242


· Modernization in the twentieth century

· Petroleum revenues.

(“1967 Arab-Israeli War”, 2008)

(Oren, 2002)

(The Six-Day War, 2013)
(The Six-Day War, 2013)
("Berlin wall memorial," 2013)

Berlin wall
Afra Khalid

Aya Mohiddin

Fatma Rashed

Hala Saeed

Hessa Abdulla

Maitha Mohammad

Shamma Salem
201203881

201215334

201200233

201113188

U2921171

201217381

201201590
Full transcript