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Let's Start a Revolution: Abolitionist Movement 2013
Transcript of Let's Start a Revolution: Abolitionist Movement 2013
terms mean? There are about 29 million slaves today. And that about 3 million of these slaves are sex slaves. There are more than 300,000 sex slaves in the
United States of America. About 50,000 sex slaves are trafficked into the United States yearly. The other thousands of sex slaves were born in America. About 300,000 girls and young women are at risk of becoming sex slaves in the United States. And their average age is thirteen. Commercial Sexual Exploitation (CSE) the treatment of a human as a commercial, sexual object sex trafficking sex slavery prostitution the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or force definitions adapted from the United Nations Trafficking Protocol Which term most accurately describes the issue? sex trafficking sex slavery prostitution the act or practice of engaging in sexual intercourse for money for oneself the coercion of unwilling
persons to engage in sexual
intercourse without pay "News coverage must stop using terms like 'prostitute' and 'teen hooker' to describe girls and young women who are experiencing commercial sexual exploitation and domestic trafficking" -Rachel Lloyd "Why is this historical practice termed a
slave trade and the same practice today termed trafficking? This linguistic attenuation scrambles global attention and blunts abolitionist policies" -Siddharth Kara only describes the movement of slaves
the word "trafficking" isn't as direct a and provocative as the world "slavery" the word "prostitution" has a stigma
one may assume that a "prostitute" is willingly selling herself for money
prostitutes receive the money that they make most accurate description
entails that others are
benefiting economically for
sex slaves' labor
entails the involvement of
entails the absence of choice Other Terms : The Dynamic of Sex Slavery in the United States S trafficker S S pimp mommy john sex slave purchases services from sex
slaves transports and sells sex slaves to pimps sells sex slaves to johns often violent assists pimp in controlling sex slaves, often former sex slave girls and young women that are abused, decieved, held in bondage, and forced to have sexual intercourse with johns to make money that traffickers and pimps keep So, who's to blame? the trafficker? the pimp? the john? the mommy? Where in the United States does sex slavery exist? 100,000–300,000 children are at risk for commercial sexual exploitation each year in the United States (Estes & Weiner, 2001), and most of these children live in "urban crisis areas". Additionally, about 50,000 girls and young women are trafficked into the United States each year (CIA, 2010); these victims are, from Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, and South America. In the Northeast reported sex businesses include street prostitution, escort services, massage parlors, health clubs, brothels in hotels, rented houses and apartments and legitimate front businesses.
In New York City, where there are currently about 2,200 child sex slaves, (OCFS 2007 Prevalence Study), reported sex businesses include street prostitution, strip clubs, go-go bars, peep or fantasy booth shows, massage parlors, after-hours clubs, private apartments, hotels, escort services and makeshift operations in beauty parlors, restaurants and warehouses. Sex businesses reported in the Southeast include massage parlors and brothels in urban and suburban areas as well as makeshift brothels in gambling halls, houses and trailers in isolated and rural farm worker camps. How do sex slaves get into this position? Deceit
Sale by Family
Romance/Promises of camaraderie and protection
Recruitment by former slaves or all of us as inactive bystanders? inactive bystanders activists Other contributing factors Poverty
Lack of sustainable income/economic desperation
Lack of education
Unjust authorities (police officers, "protection" services)
Culture (gender biases, media's objectification of women)
Lack of opportunity
Race Kristen Lindsey Siddharth Kara Michelle Loisel Rachel Lloyd Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn Ashleigh Cartwright Stats Based on Crisis Aid Interviews with: traffickers pimps johns sex slaves Method of Action Method of Action Method of Action Method of Action Method of Action Method of Action Writing- books, research, articles
Carr Center for Human Rights Policy (Harvard)
Free the Slaves
International Direct Intervention Council on Foundations (grantmaking)
Donors Forum of Chicago
Global Fund for Children
https://www.globalfundforchildren.org http://www.wbez.org/episode-segments/2012-03-21/child-and-youth-trafficking-us-97505 Kristin Lindsey on NPR levi coffin my research: personal interview with Kristin Lindsey my research: advice from Siddharth Kara my research: interned at Michelle Loisel's organization my research: held a fundraiser for her organization my research: became part of Half the Sky campaign abigail goodwin Dawn's Place
Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services
Direct Intervention GEMS
Writing- Books and Articles
Very Young Girls
Association with pop culture Proposal: MFS Abolition Project (MAP) 86% of sex slaves reported that they were physically abused by pimps and traffickers
50% of sex slaves reported that they were physically abused daily
64% of sex slaves reported that they were held in isolation in compounds or brothels so that it was impossible for them to escape or to even go outside
80% of commercially exploited children report a history of child sexual abuse Why not just leave? "In a Stokholm syndrome-like transformation, they might be
'freed' to serve as working prostitutes who mentor
new slaves upon arrival" -Siddharth Kara physical bondage psychological bondage (more powerful!) "There has to be a change in mindset; we
have to understand the economics of
slavery and that sex slavery is a business
about supply and demand." "The most effective measures
to eradicate the global sex trafficking
industry are those that reduce the
aggregate demand for sex slaves by
sex owners and consumers through
an attack on the industry's immense
profitability" "Commercial and sexual exploitation of
women and girls is intrinsically linked
to racism, poverty, gender-based violence, and criminalization of youth. This all must change." "So for those of you doubtful that “modern slavery”
really is an issue for the new international agenda,
think of Srey Pov — and multiply her by millions.
If what such girls experience isn’t slavery, that word
has no meaning. It’s time for a 21st-century
abolitionist movement in the U.S. and around the world." "One of the primary visions for the founders of
Dawn's Place was to provide women who
voluntarily want to get out of being commercially
sexually exploited a safe place to recover from
the abuses they have suffered at the hands of
their pimps and johns." 1.) Policy
2.) Preventative Action
4.) Rescue Missions
5.) Post-slavery Mentoring and Assistance
6.) Direct Intervention Six Methods of Action "Moorestown Friends School is a community rooted in Quaker values and dedicated to the pursuit of educational excellence for a diverse student body within an academically rigorous and balanced program emphasizing personal, ethical and spiritual growth." Mission Statement "...constant interplay of meditation and action is integral to all school activities and challenges individuals to seek truth continuously through non-violent means and to make a personal commitment to improving themselves, their society and their environment." What do these values entail? -The organized fight against slavery can be traced back to a group of Quakers in the late 1600s.
-In 1688, a protest of Quakers in Germantown marked the birth of a new mindset; a mindset that acknowledged the obvious immorality of slavery.
-Sparked Quaker antislavery writing, advocacy, reform, and direct action (many Quakers were part of the Underground Railroad). Quakers and Abolition in History MAP (MFS Abolition Project) guiding us to a better world -catalyst for a solution-based conversation about slavery
-our duty as a Quaker school community (and as people)
-action: fundraisers, segment and MFWFB, annual event
-well-informed, highly moral students
-interactive (not informational)
-slavery as a concrete issue nonprofits and grassroots slavery: big business from the ground up reforming the law starting a movement So the sex slave is the criminal...? the use of the term "prostitute"
sex slaves are more vulnerable than pimps (easier to catch)
fundamental attribution error
not uncommon that they are addicted to drugs
used as scapegoats by pimps Bibliography BibliographyKristof, Nicholas D., and Sheryl WuDunn. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. Print.Lloyd, Rachel. Girls like Us: Fighting for a World Where Girls Are Not for Sale, an Activist Finds Her Calling and Heals Herself. New York: HarperCollins, 2011. Print.Sage, Jesse, and Liora Kasten. Enslaved: True Stories of Modern Day Slavery. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Print."GEMS: Girls Educational & Mentoring Services." GEMS: Girls Educational & Mentoring Services. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. <http://www.gems-girls.org/>."Home | Love146.org." Home. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. <http://love146.org/>."Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery." Polaris Project. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .McCormick, Patricia. Sold. New York: Hyperion, 2006. Print.Hughes, Donna. "The Sex Trafficking of Women in the United States." EasyBib. Coalition in Trafficking. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. <http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/sex_traff_us.pdf>.Kara, Siddharth. Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery. New York: Columbia UP, 2009. Print."Sex Trafficking in United States." International Crisis Aid <http://www.crisisaid.org/ICAPDF/Trafficking/traffickstats.pdf>."Sex Trafficking of Americans ." Vanity Fair <http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2011/05/sex-trafficking-201105>. Try putting this in the tabloids... DNA: Real Men Don't Buy Girls
Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore Jada Pinkett Smith Justin Timberlake Jamie Foxx Barack Obama Alicia Keys William Wilberforce (1759-1833), English abolitionist "You may choose to look the other way but you can never again say you did not know." Thank you for listening.