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THEORIES OF SEMANTICS

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by

Jaisha Devan

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of THEORIES OF SEMANTICS

Meaning is a part of language and not independent.

Language builds up a system of meaning based on concepts and relationships between concepts.

Sense relationship
Reference
Semantic competence

words or sentences are not meaningful even if they obey grammatical rules of the language

Eg: Colorless green ideas sleep furiously
Language and Logic
An utterance is meaningless either because it is not logical in some way because it violates some rules of lexical or grammatical combination.

We cannot accept a sentence as meaningful if it is illogical and does not communicate anything.

Eg: Monday came before the day which followed it.
Tautological Statement


Circular statement which says nothing.


Eg:My unmarried sister is married to a bachelor.
Factual Absurdity
Theories of Semantics are based on the structuralist approach,some are based on logic,and some on the generative approach.
The componential Theory of Meaning
THEORIES OF SEMANTICS
VIEWS OF MEANING

Linguistics studies language as a hierarchical structure such as phonology,morphology and syntax.

Described meaning by breaking up the words
Language involves recognizing the relation of meaning between words and sentences and recognizing which words and sentences are meaningful and which are not.

Not true in real world
Example: My uncle always sleep standing on one toe.
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