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Avoiding Dangling Modifiers
Transcript of Avoiding Dangling Modifiers
Caroline Collins, Craig Dobson, Avalon Chaffer
How to fix them
1. Figure out who is doing the action, and put it into the sentence.
Arriving to school late
was needed. (wrong)
Arriving to school late
needed an excuse
2. Change the phrase that is "dangling", to an introductory clause.
Without knowing his name
was hard to introduce him. (wrong)
Because she didn't know his name
, it was difficult to introduce him. (revised)
3. Combine the phrase and main clause into one.
To improve his results
was done again. (wrong)
He improved his results by doing the experiment again.
Deciding to join the navy, the recruiter pumped Jo's hand
This doesn't make sense because it leads readers to believe that the recruiter is joining the navy, not Joe.
What is a dangling modifier?
A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word that isn't in the sentence.
In the case of adverbs, adverbs should modify the nearest verb or the subsequent adverb or the adjective in the same sentence. If not, it is a dangling modifier.
I was late for my first class. Running to my classroom, my phone fell in the parking lot.
This is wrong because the phone wasn't running. The only other noun close to fell is parking lot, which doesn't make any sense.
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"Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Practice Exercises." Education.com. Web. 31 Oct. 2014.
"Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL: Dangling Modifiers. Web. 28 Oct. 2014. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/597/01/>.