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Function of The Body Systems During Soccer
Transcript of Function of The Body Systems During Soccer
Soccer is one of my favorite sports and I enjoy playing it with my family. When playing soccer, most of the body systems are in action. The main body systems functioning are The Muscular System and The Skeletal System.
when I play or watch soccer and my team wins I feel good. My brain releases dopamine which makes me want to play and win again.
Function of The Body Systems During Soccer!
The Muscular System
A Favorite Body Systems Project:
The Muscular system is a system that, along with the Skeletal system, allows voluntary movement and involuntary movement (digestion).
The Muscular System is crucial when playing soccer. Four muscle areas are essential in order to rotate upper body, extend leg, and kick the ball:
Are a group of muscles found on the front of the leg. When kicking the ball, the knee is flexed and the hips are extended. When following through, the knee is extended and the hips are flexed. (Samuels)
- The Hamstrings are the muscles opposite to the quadriceps. The Hamstrings extend the hip and flex the knee when the leg is brought back before kicking the ball. Also, the hamstrings are important because they prevent the leg from stretching and getting injured.
- The glutes (gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus) are the butt muscles. The glutes rotate and extend the hip when kicking the ball . The glutes also rotate the hip joint (science and soccer).
- Although some may not think core muscles are used for soccer, core muscles are important because during a kick the upper body needs to be tight. If core muscles are not strong, during a kick, balance can be lost and the player may fall.
The Skeletal System is the system that works alongside the muscular system to create movement. The skeleton aslo protects vital internal organs.
In soccer the skeletal system comes into play when running and kicking the ball.
In soccer you don't kick with your toe. In soccer, bone joints are used to achieve different tasks.
The gliding joint is located in the ankle. It allows the ball to be held without the foot being bent and getting injured. (Joints)
- The hinge joint is found in the knee thats important when running. The hinge joint is mostly used in order to have more control and power over the ball. (Joints)
- The pivot joint is not used when running or kicking. It is found in the neck and it is used when 'heading' the ball.(Joints)
The respiratory system is vital for life because it provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration and it takes out the CO2.
The respiratory system works with the cardiovascular/circulatory system to transport blood through the body.
During soccer the respiratory system tries to meet the oxygen needs of the working muscles.
The rate of breathing increases. This increase allows more oxygen into the lungs and more oxygenated blood is delivered to the muscles. (Hoefs)
***FUN FACT: At rest, the average respiratory rate is 14 per minute but it can increase to 32 per minute during exercise
"Long-term respiratory system response to exercise involves several physiological adaptations which result in an increase in overall efficiency of the respiratory system" (Hoefs).
The Circulatory/Cardiovascular System transports nutrients and oxygen, amongst other substances, to the entire body.
Red blood cells transport oxygen to the quads, hamstrings and glutes.
The more movement that occurs the more blood that needs to be transported to the cells and muscles.
When playing soccer, a healthy heart is necessary in order for your muscles to get enough oxygen and function properly. If there isn't enough oxygen getting to the muscle, the muscles will become fatigued.
The Nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. It responds to the events going on around the body.
The central nervous system is involved during soccer. The central nervous system consists of two parts the brain and the spinal cord.
The main part of the brain. The cerebellum coordinates muscles to allow precise movements. It also controls balance and posture during a kick (Central nervous system).
Nervous system gives one the ability to shift his body away or toward the ball. It allows the player to be conscious of the other players around him.
Lastly, the nervous system gives us the ability to know which goal we are supposed to score in.
( Mexican soccer player, Giovani Dos Santos, celebrates his goal against Netherlands)
The integumentary system fights infection and protects the body from injury. Also, it helps regulate body temperature.
Hair, nails, and skin are all parts of the integumentary system. Sweat glands are a major part of this system.
During soccer or heavy exercise body temperature rises and the body tries to regulate the body temperature by producing sweat.
The digestive system not only eliminates waste it also breaks food into smaller molecules, and it absorbs food.
*During soccer a lot of energy is required in order to have strength.
*The energy used during a game is obtained form food that has been broken down in the digestive system.
The immune system helps protect the body from disease. This system also collects lost fluid from blood vessels and returns it back into the circulatory system (packet).
During a soccer game you are in contact with other players and their germs. This puts you in danger of becoming sick. it is the immune system is in charge of keeping you well and protected from illness.
In the case of an overuse injury, the immune system will cause the damaged part to be inflamed and one may feel pain, warmth, swelling, and redness (Benseler).
The endocrine system controls growth and metabolism.
- The thalamus lets the body know what is occurring around it. It helps the soccer player know who is making a play and what move to make next.
-The hypothalamus controls the inside of the body. It regulates hunger, thirst, an body temperature. The hypothalamus also controls the release of hormones (Central Nervous system). The hypothalamus will let the player know when it is time to get a drink, and also when he is tired.
The reproductive system is the only system that is not in action while playing soccer. Although a woman's body is always producing eggs, this system is not in use during a soccer game.
The reproductive system gives humans the ability to reproduce. The female reproductive system has to produce the egg cells as well as protect and nourish the fetus until its born. The male reproductive system simply has to produce sperm.
Benseler, Susan M.D, Manisha M.D Sickand, and Marinka M.D Twilt. "Inflammation and the Immune System." - AboutKidsHealth. N.p., 13 May 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
"Central Nervous System | Sport." Central Nervous System- How CNS Training Can Improve Sports Performance. Green Star Media LTD, n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
Hoefs, Jeremy. "Response of the Respiratory System to Exercise." LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 28 Jan. 2015. Web. 31 Jan. 2015.
"Joints of the Skeletal System and Soccer." YouTube. YouTube, 31 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
Levengood, Gary M.D. "Overuse Injuries in Soccer." Overuse Injuries in Soccer. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
Samuels, Mike. "Muscles Used in Kicking a Soccer Ball." Live Well. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.
"Science and Soccer." Google Books. Ed. Thomas Reilly and Mark A. Williams. Psychology Press, 2003. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.
By Jennifer Lopez [Period 6]