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Juvenile Justice Flow Chart Week 4 Assignment

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Jennifer 'Foster' White

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Juvenile Justice Flow Chart Week 4 Assignment

Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections
Flow Chart

Case Study Selection
Alternative Court in Wisconsin
Juvenile Laws/Statutes for Wisconsin

Dismissal or Deferred Prosecution
A recommendation to dismiss is simply a recommendation, and the district attorney may still petition for delinquency.

Delinquency Proceedings
The district attorney must file a delinquency petition, dismiss the case, or refer the case to the intake worker for further inquiry.
The court may establish a consent decree with conditions for the juvenile and family
If these conditions are met, the formal petition is dropped. Otherwise, the court proceeds with adjudication of delinquency and disposition.

Dispositional Orders
A juvenile adjudicated “delinquent” must attend the dispositional hearing in which the judge determines an appropriate dispositional order (similar to a sentence).
The order
Details the case
Services to be provided
Responsible agencies,
Compliance conditions
Out-of-home placement orders

Case Study Selection (Xander)
Initial Contact
Possession of a concealed weapon

Priors –
Purse snatching
Breaking and entering
Drug possession

Prior Punishment –
1 year
Juvenile correctional facility
2 times

At this point a juvenile may be subject to a plea hearing, a fact-finding hearing, is similar to a trial, and a dispositional hearing, which is similar to a sentencing hearing.
If the juvenile submits to the delinquency petition at the plea hearing, which is similar to admitting guilt, the process moves to the dispositional hearing, otherwise he or she faces a fact-finding hearing in which the prosecutor must prove to the judge that the juvenile committed the offense.

Taken into custody
A juvenile age 10 or older may be taken into custody by law enforcement official
or referred to intake by
- school official
- parent or guardian
Reasons –
Being a runaway or of violating a municipal ordinance, state or federal law, or a court order.

Once the juvenile is in custody, an intake worker examines the case and determines:
Whether it is under jurisdiction of the juvenile court,
Whether the juvenile should be held in temporary custody.

Sixteen Wisconsin counties in 2007 operated secure juvenile detention centers supervised and approved by the Wisconsin Department of Corrections. Juveniles may be detained at secure juvenile detention centers for up to 30 days. A county without a juvenile detention center within 40 miles of the county seat or without available space for new juveniles may contract with private juvenile detention providers or with the state juvenile correctional facilities to house juveniles from that county

Alternative Court in Wisconsin
Teen Court
Teen courts typically hear the cases of juveniles between the ages of 12 and 17 who have committed one non-violent offense or who are minor repeat offenders. In most programs, offenders must admit guilt and agree to abide by the program's decision before the court accepts their case.
Teen court models
Adult judge model
An adult judge
rules on court procedure
clarifies legal terminology,
Youth volunteer
prosecuting attorneys
Youth judge model
Similar to adult judge model, but a juvenile serves as judge.
Tribunal modelYouth serve as defense and prosecuting attorneys to present cases to a juvenile judge who determines sentence.

Juvenile Laws and Statutes for WI
WI Statutes: Ch. 38 “Crimes against Children”
WI Statutes: Ch. 48 “Children’s Code”
WI Statutes: Ch. 938 "Juvenile Justice Code"

Case Study Selection
Alternative Court in Wisconsin
Juvenile Laws/Statutes for Wisconsin
Boggs & Campbell & Martin & Wolf. (2008). Treatment of Juveniles
in the Wisconsin Criminal Court System: An Analysis of Potential
Alternatives. Washington, D.C. National Center for Juvenile
Wisconsin Court System. (2013). Court Programs. Retrieved from

Based on Wisconsin Juvenile Laws and Statutes

Jennifer White
17-year-old African American male and documented gang member.

Prior juvenile adjudications include purse snatching, breaking and entering, and drug possession.

First juvenile adjudication occurred when he was 13 years old.

Served a year of custody in the juvenile correctional facility

Has been placed on probation twice previously.

His instant arrest is for possession of a concealed weapon

Pled guilty.

 Xander lives with his mother in the housing projects.

No contact with his father.

His mother presently works two jobs.

She has reported him to the police.

Xander indicates that he has dropped out of high school

Would like to get his general equivalency diploma

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

For juveniles placed in state-controlled juvenile correctional facilities, a number of services and educational opportunities are available. Ethan Allen School, Lincoln Hills School, and Southern Oaks Girls School employ 56 teachers, guidance counselors, and school psychologists and offer educational programming for juveniles with a wide range of educational backgrounds. Juveniles detained at these institutions may earn high school credits that apply toward graduation

(Boggs, Campbell, Martin, Wolf, 2008)

(Wisconsin Court System, 2013)
Full transcript