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World Religions

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by

Becca Gollehon

on 15 December 2011

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Transcript of World Religions

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr World Religion Buddhism Christianity Hinduism Islam Judaism Confucianism Followers About 400 million to one billion Name of Deity The Buddha did not teach a personal deity Founder The Buddha Holy Books No one book, just sacred texts Leadership Buddhist monks and nuns Basic Beliefs Persons achieve complete peace and happiness, known as nirvana, by eliminating their attachment to worldly things Nirvana is reached by following the Noble Eightfold Path: Right views, right aspirations, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right endeavor, right mindfulness and right meditation Celebrations Buddhist New Year Vesak Uposatha Songkran The Elephant Festival Worship Buddhists will usually set aside a room or part a room as a shrine Many schools of worship Rituals Meditation- Mental concentration Mantras- Symbolic Hand Gestures Mudras- Sacred Sounds Prayer Wheels-Reciting Mantras with the turn of a wheel Buddhism Followers Christianity 2.1 Billion Name of Deity God Founder Jesus Christ Holy Book The Bible Leadership Clergy (priests/ministers) Basic Beliefs There is only one god, wo watches over and cares for people Jesus Christ was the son of god. He died to save humanity from sin. His death and resurrection made eternal life possible for others Celebrations Easter Christmas Ash Wednesday Palm Sunday Good Friday Worship Singing to God and showing reverence and gratitude to God Rituals Sunday services Funerals Prayer Marriage Missions Baptism Hinduism Followers 950 million Name of Deity Three main Gods: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva Founder No one founder Holy Book No one book just sacred texts Leadership Guru, Holy Man, Brahmin Priest Basic Beliefs The soul nver dies, but is continually reborn Persons achieve happiness and enlightenment after they free themselves from their earthly desires Freedom from earthly desires comes from a lifetime of worship, knowledge, and virtuous acts Celebrations Festival of Colors Festival of Lights Wesak Diwali Dusserah Worship Images of God/Goddesses Prayers and Chanting of Mantras Use of diagrams of the Universe Rituals Initiation Ceremony Marriage Death of a family member After funeral each family member takes a purifying bath Islam Followers 1.5 billion Name of Deity God (Allah) Founder Muhammad Holy Book Qur'an Leadership No clergy Basic Beliefs Persons acheive salvationi by following the Five Pillars of Islam and living a just life. These pillars are: faith; almsgiving or charity to the poor; fasting, which Muslims perform during Ramadan; pilgrimage (to Mecca) ;and prayer Celebrations Muharram Mawlid al-Nabi Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Worship Heart of Islamic worship is found in the five pillars Rituals Five Pillars Judaism Followers 18 million Name of Deity God (Yahweh) Founder Abraham Holy Book Hebrew Bible Leadership Rabbis Basic Beliefs There is only one God, who watches over and cares for his people
God loves and protects his people, but also holds people accountable for their sins and shortcomings
Persons serve God by studying the Torah and living by its teachings Celebrations Passover, Tevet 10, Virtual Purim, Lag BaOmer and Shavuot Worship Praying in a congregation and the study of Torah Rituals Kaparot, Havdalah and mezuzah Confucianism Followers 350 million Name of Deity Confucius (viewed by many as god) Founder Confucius Holy Book The Analects, the five classics Leadership No clergy Basic Beliefs Social order, harmony, and good government should be based on strong family relationships Respect for parents and elders is important to a well ordered society Education is important both to the welfare of the individual and to society Celebrations The Birthday of Confucious Worship To act according to one's proper role within the human community To live one's life as the best person one can be To constantly strive to cultivate one's character Rituals Ancestor Worship Held ceremonies to be sure their ancestors are ancestors and not ghosts Buddhism is practiced mostly here Christianity is practiced in every country, sometimes as secret Hinduism is practiced in some countries here Islam is practiced here Islam is practiced here Judaism is practiced in every country Confucianism is practiced here Confucianism is practiced here Confucianism is practiced here The End By Becca
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