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The Many Friends of Rosa Parks

A Cooperative Biography for Social Studies

Dinah Ridl

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of The Many Friends of Rosa Parks

Rosa wasn’t the only sibling in the family.
Her brother Sylvester McCauley was born
on August 20th, 1917, and what a cute
little baby he was. In Pine Level Rosa was
a legend. She could sew with the best of
old ladies, and often times would beat them
in quilting bees. It was a shame Rosa had
infected tonsils that caused her to miss
some of these events. Rosa also loved
fishin’ with her grandpappy. This was
her favorite activity by far. A Biography of Rosa Parks A Journey with Friends The Many Friends of Rosa Parks By: Kayla Huether, Nathan Magstadt,
Tyrel Shannon, and Dinah Ridl Author Biographies: Chapter 1 Chapter 2 . Chapter 3 - The Turning Point Hi, my name in Dinah Ridl and I live in Dickinson, North Dakota. I am a junior at Dickinson State University. In my free time I work at Dan’s Supermarket as a nighttime manager or spend time with my friends and boyfriend. My favorite subject is Math. I love math because there is always only one correct answer, and there is a structured way to find that answer. One day, December 1st, 1955, if I remember right, I ran into Mrs. Rosa Parks on her way home from work. She was in a cheerful mood. I greeted her and asked “How’s your day going?” “It’s going great!” she replied. “My boss let me leave early tonight so I can take care of my mother.”
“Well, that was very nice of him,” I said. As we continued walking towards the bus, I asked Rosa, “So, what do you plan to do with your night off?”
Rosa said “I plan to cook a nice dinner for my husband.”
“Wow. That’s nice!” I replied. I gave her a questioning look as she dug for a dime. She said “I don’t want to waste time waiting for change from the bus driver.”
“That’s smart,” I replied, “He’s a little rude,”
“He’s never liked me, but oh well.” said Rosa. man. After a few stops, there were white men standing in the aisles. The bus driver walked to the neutral section of the bus, and yelled at Rosa to give up her seat. Rosa said something I could not hear, but she continued to sit. We then arrived at the bus and walked into the bus from the front entrance to pay. After paying, we walked off the bus and went to the back entrance and walked in. I took the last seat in the colored section. I watched Rosa walk to the neutral section and sit down next to a Rosa replied, “Why do you push us around?”
The officer said “I do not know, but the law is the law, and you’re under arrest.” The officer then took Rosa off the bus and we all watched in amazement. The bus driver then yelled at Rosa, “Well, if you don’t stand up, I’m going to call the police and have you arrested.” I noticed some people, both white and colored, left the bus. The next thing I knew, two police officers were on the bus talking to Rosa. The whole bus got quiet. The officer said “Why don’t you stand up?” I heard from a friend that Rosa was only in jail for a few hours. I didn’t take the bus anymore, and a lot of other people didn’t take the bus either. It was called the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The buses eventually stopped running because not enough people were riding. The boycott lasted 382 days. It ended when the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was illegal and wrong. The Beginning Years : Hi, my name is Nathan Magstadt. I live in Dickinson, North Dakota
and attend Dickinson State University. In my free time, I enjoy
playing video games, running track, and listening to music. My
favorite subject is Physical Education because I love to be active!
I don't know what I would have to do if I had to sit around all day
and do nothing. Math is a close second because I love facts. My good friend Rosa Parks was born on
February 4th, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama.
Rosa’s parents never got along.
Her mother wanted to stay close to home,
but her father wanted to make money in the north.
Rosa and her family moved to Abbeville to live
with Rosa’s daddy's parents. This didn’t
last too long, and before you knew it,
Rosa’s daddy went north again. Then
Rosa moved back to live with her Momma’s
parents in Pine Level. Her daddy showed
up occasionally, but then eventually
stopped coming. Chapter 4: Rosa Parks' Impact and Awards I remember the Montgomery Bus Boycott like it was yesterday. That is all we heard about for so long, I was just a little girl back then. I always thought to myself, “That lady Rosa, she is so brave.” I always admired her courage and the way she stood up for herself. That was not very common, especially for a young lady. I wished I could have been like her, as I am a lady of color myself. She began to make such an impact on everyone. She had special honors and awards for her life-changing act. My husband and I were eating supper together back in 1979 when he had told me that Rosa had received “The Spingarn Medal”. The Spingarn Medal is from the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) which is the highest honor they award. Not even a year later I was at work and my co-workers were discussing how she had received the Martin Luther King Jr. award from the NAACP. They were all in awe of how big of an impact she had made already. I just knew this was the beginning of many more awards to come. Rosa just changed our lives for the better, and I believe she deserved it. My name is Kayla Huether. I was born and raised in Dickinson, ND. I have never lived anywhere else but I have traveled to other states. I am enrolled at Dickinson State University and am working towards getting my elementary education degree so I can teach elementary school including Kindergarten. I absolutely love it and I adore children. My favorite subject is reading as well as anything to do with language arts. I have always enjoyed reading and writing. I love all types of books from informational text to fiction books. Reading is also one of my most favorite things to do in my free time along with spending time with friends and family and being outdoors when the weather is nice. I love warm weather so summer is my favorite season for doing outdoor activities. A little over 10 years later in September of 1992, Rosa was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage for Conscience Award for her years of community service and lifelong commitment to social change through non-violent means and civil rights. During that same year she had her own autobiography published. It was called “My Story”. I was so thrilled to hear of this, and I went and bought it right away. The story was so good. I became more interested in her life choices. The autobiography was about her life leading up to the day she refused to give up her seat. After reading this, I was so impressed with her courage. Rosa Parks was such a strong lady, my hero. Later, she wrote another book called “Quiet Strength” which described her faith, and how it helped her on her journey through life. Of course, I had to go out and buy it right away. I had it read within a couple days. During the year of 1996 I had the pleasure to meet and befriend Rosa. We became good friends. I knew I just had to meet this lady who changed my life. She was just as I imagined she would be. I had so many questions for her, and she answered them all with ease and confidence. She became very dear to me. That year she was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bill Clinton. Rosa was so proud, as was I. That is the highest honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian by the US government. We celebrated with supper following her special day. Over the next three years our friendship became even closer. She also was awarded so many medals and honors during the next several years. Some of those included the International Freedom Conductor Award by the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in 1998, the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999, and the Detroit-Windsor International Freedom Festival Award in 1999, and in December of 2000 Alabama awarded her the Governors Medal of Honor for extraordinary courage and the Alabama Academy Award. In 1999 Time magazine named Rosa one of the 20 most powerful and influential figures of the entire century. “Wow!” I thought, “How inspirational!” In October 2005 my dear friend passed away. She was 92 years old. She lived such a fulfilling and long life. In her lifetime she was awarded more than 2 dozen honorary doctorates from universities worldwide. Three days after her death The House of Representatives and the US Senate approved a resolution to allow Rosa Parks body to be viewed in the US Capitol Rotunda. My dear friend Rosa was the first woman and 2nd black person to ever have the honor of lying in state in the Nation’s capital. On October 30th, 2005, the day of her funeral, President George W. Bush issued a proclamation that all flags on U.S. public areas be flown at half-staff. I was proud to hear this. I remember on the first anniversary of her death, President Bush ordered a statue of her to be placed in the National Statuary Hall in Washington D.C. I miss my friend dearly, but her life was well-lived. It was a chilly spring afternoon, rain started to “splat” on the classroom window as Rosa and I sat in our desks looking out the window waiting for the bell to ring. When school was finally out a few of us girls started walking home. We were walking by my friend's barber shop when the rain really started pouring. We were all getting soaked, so we ducked into the barber shop to get dry. Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Parks Once inside the shop we realized there were a group of men deep in conversation. One of them was my friend Raymond Parks. As we came in and shut the door, the men all stopped talking and turned to stare at us. One tall handsome man walked over to us, and I introduced him to Rosa and my friends as Raymond Parks. Raymond tried to talk with Rosa, but at first she was really embarrassed and kind of stuttered as she talked. Rosa talked with Raymond for a few minutes. The rain had let up a little, and then said she must get home to help her ma out around the house. So back out into the rain we went. At first Rosa did not like Raymond, but after bumping into him a few times she really started to like him, and they started dating. Rosa and Raymond fell in love and were married on December 8, 1932. They were married almost 45 years when Raymond was diagnosed with cancer and battled that for near 5 years. Rosa loved to sing and pray, and in 1964 Rosa became a deaconess at her church. In 1933 Rosa was encouraged by her husband to go back to school and get her high school diploma. Raymond, on the other hand, did not have a formal education. Raymond was self-taught, and to many people he was seen to be college educated. He spent his life encouraging others to get an education. Rosa and Raymond never had any kids, and Rosa worked as a dressmaker, a seamstress, a life insurance agent, and a housekeeper. For years Rosa and I would keep in touch off and on, going to get coffee or just meeting up at the super market. One day I had seen what looked like Rosa’s picture on the front page of the local newspaper. She was being finger printed. After reading the article, I had learned that my friend for many years had been arrested! Hello there, I’m Tyrel Shannon, born and raised in Montana but now reside in Dickinson North Dakota as I attend Dickinson State University. When not writing biographies I enjoy reading mystery books, hunting and fishing and going to the gym. My favorite subject in school is Science because I thoroughly enjoy doing science experiments and watching other students participate all the while they are learning something new. In 1924 Rosa’s mother was able
to obtain a scholarship for little
Rosa to go to Miss White’s School
for Girls. This school was 30 miles
from her home, so she had to live
in the city away from home. The
time away from home was hard
for Rosa, but she learned all of
them school subjects. Reading,
Math, and all of those other school
subjects were good for her to learn,
but she learned some other skills
too. She learned how to speak
like a lady, write like a lady and
manners for the life in the city. Rosa loved to read. If that girl coulda, she woulda read all day long. The white folk never let poor Rosa check out any books at the public library though, because it was not for colored folk like us. Rosa’s favorite book was the bible. She read that thing cover to cover. Her favorite Psalm was Psalm 27. Rosa didn’t have much free time for reading though. She had to work for that scholarship she received. She was in charge of sweepin’ and moppin’ the floors of two of the classrooms. She helped her aunt clean the country club and had homework to do every night. What a busy girl she was. Since there was no public school for us colored folk, Rosa had to attend the Booker T. Washington Junior High. She went there for two years. Then her grandma got sick, and Rosa had to quit school to take care of her. After her grandma passed, Rosa’s momma got sick, so Rosa had to take care of her too. All seemed pretty grim for Rosa, until one fateful day when she decided to take shelter in the barber shop. Her life would be changed forever… Rosa Parks' Timeline Continued
16. 1996- Rosa was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bill Clinton.
17. 1998- National Underground Railroad Freedom Center presented her with the International Freedom Conductor Award.
18. 1999- Presented the Congressional Gold Medal.
19. 1999- Awarded the Detroit-Windsor International Freedom Festival Award.
20. 1999- Time Magazine named Rosa as one of the most 20 powerful and influential figures of the century.
21. 2000- Alabama awarded her the Governors Medal of Honor for extraordinary courage.
22. 2005 (Oct) - Rosa’s death. The House of Representatives and the US Senate approved a resolution to allow Rosa Parks body to be viewed in the US Capitol Rotunda. First women, 2nd black person, to have that honor. Bush issued a proclamation ordering that all flags on U.S public areas be flown at half-staff on her funeral day.
23. 2006- On the first anniversary of her death President Bush ordered a statue of her to be placed in the National Statuary Hall in Washington D.C. ELED 310 February 12th, 2013 Table of Contents Chapter 1: The Beginning Years
Chapter 2: Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Parks
Chapter 3: The Turning Point
Chapter 4: Rosa Parks' Impact and Awards
Author Biographies
References 1. Rosa Parks was born on February 4th 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama
2. When Rosa was 5 years old, her father left to go to the north for a better job and her and her mother moved back in with her grandmother in Pine Level.
3. On August 20th 1917, her brother Sylvester McCauley was born
4. In 1924, she enrolled in the Montgomery Industrial school for girls which was a private institute.
5. On December 18th in 1932, Rosa marries Raymond Parks who was a barber when she is 19 years old.
6. In 1934, she receives her high school diploma.
7. In 1943, she is forces to leave a segregated bus for accidentally sitting in a white man’s area. Rosa Parks' Timeline Continued
8. In 1949, Rosa gets a job as a worker in the Montgomery branch of the NAACP program as a secretary.
9. December 1st, 1955 – Rosa is left off of work early and takes a bus to go home. Rosa refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white man. Bus driver called the police and Rosa is arrested.
10. December 2nd, 1955 – E.D. Nixon and Clifford Durr bailed Rosa out of jail for a bond of $14.
11. December 5th, 1955 – Rosa is fined by the city court.
12. 1979- NAACP, the Springarn Medal (highest honor)
13. 1980- NAACP; Martin Luther King Jr. Award
14. 1992 (Sept.) - Awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award
15. 1992- Rosa Parks autobiography “My Story” was published. Later she wrote “Quiet Strength”. Maps Arrested in REFERENCES: Giovanni, N., and B. Collier. Rosa. Henry Holt and Co. (BYR), 2005. Print.
http://www.google.com - Images
http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/29-rosa-parkstimeline.htm?ModPagespeed= noscript
Parks, R. Rosa parks. New York,NY: Dial Books for Young Readers, 1997.
Wilson, Camillla. Rosa Parks From the Back of the Bus to the Front of a
Movement. New York: Scholastic 2001. Print. Rosa Parks Timeline
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