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Transcript of Stigma presentation
They have diseases
They can’t be trusted
They are thieves Social determinants of drug users: 1. Income and Income Distribution
2. Housing The majority of the homeless population suffer from mental illness as a result they cannot afford adequate housing. Social determinants of homelessness and mental illness: 1. Housing
2. Gender Society often refers them to obscene names such as: "cuckoo"
"possessed" Few people know the history of mental illness in relation to homosexuality. Stigma of homosexuality: Homosexuals are mentally ill Social determinants of homosexuals and mental illness: Social exclusion
Health services Stigma against mental illness within the chinese culture: Suffering from mental illness is considered to be an extreme shame within the chinese culture ( Lam et al.,2010). Women, in particular, are deemed "crazy", "damned", "incurable", "immoral", "dangerous". Social determinants: Gender
Social status The View of Mentally Ill As Criminals: World Psychiatric Association Journal “The public most fear violence that is random, senseless, and unpredictable” “ Surveys covering several real-life events showed that the public's desire to maintain social distance from the mentally ill increased after each publicized attack”
These incidents corresponded with increases in public perceptions of the mentally ill as unpredictable and dangerous. Which person appears more threatening? Public Views: Survey of most likely groups to commit violent acts Case 1: Mentally Ill woman shot by police Case 2: Vince Li - July 30, 2008
-Beheaded fellow passenger on the bus.
-Voices in his head told him to do it. Believed aliens were taking over earth and he had to stop them.
-He was not convicted as criminally responsible. Question: After exploring these two cases has your fear of mentally ill people decreased? One in five people in Ontario will experience a mental illness at some point in his or her lifetime. Mental illness affects people of all ages, in all kinds of jobs and at all educational levels (Canadian Mental Health Association, 2012). Substance abuse can easily get overlooked as a mental health issue as it may be looked upon that the individual started it by choice. Research has shown how overtime, repeated substance abuse can affect the brain and how it functions (Austin & Boyd, 2010). Drug abuse does not only affect individuals, but it affects families too. Stigmatization occurs with drug users and their families. Stigma against the families of drug users: Drug Addiction as a Mental Illness and its Stigmas They all take drugs
Her parent is a drug user so she will be one too
Those kids are hopeless
Those kids have no discipline because that drug abusive parent was not around
The family has no class
They don’t even try to help the drug abusive family member, they just leave him out there to die
Self-stigmatization within the family Stigma is a reality for people with a mental illness, and they report that how others judge them is one of their greatest barriers to a complete and satisfying life (Canadian Mental Health Association, 2012). Indignity Being severely mentally challenged, he has never been to school, had a solitary friend, eats his own feces and is kept in a cage, something akin to a pigsty in his grandmother’s back yard. There he has survived for the last 10 years with the full knowledge of the authorities (Riviere, 2011). What began as a study from a WWII Captain-turned-psychoanalyst blossomed into an ongoing debate as to whether or not homosexuality should be deemed as a mental illness and included in the DSM (Phillippi, 2010).
After years of research, activism and debating from both DSM psychiatrists and the public, on December 15th 1973 the DSM was changed and the term “homosexuality” was removed. However, the stigma still remains to this day (Phillippi, 2010). Drug dependence: 87.3%
Alcohol dependence: 70.9%
Major depression: 33.3% Research has shown that homeless men who have had a history of traumatic events occur in their life are more probable to be associated with mental health illness compared to drug abuse (Kim, M., Ford, J., Howard, D., & Bradford, D, 2010). Psychological trauma is associated with developing both mental illness and substance abuse (Kim et al., 2010). Social determinants: 1. Social exclusion
2. Social support network
3. Physical environment Aitken, L., Oosthuizen, P., Emsley, R., & Seedat, S. (2008). Mass murders: implications for mental health professionals. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 38(3), 261-269. Arboleda-Florez, J., & Stuart, H. (2012). From sin to science: fighting the stigmatization of mental illness. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(8), 457-462. Austin, W., & Boyd, M. (2010). Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing For Canadian Practice.Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Canadian Mental Health Association, Ontario (2012). Stigma and mental illness. Retrieved from http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/fact_sheets.asp?cID=2795 Galea, S., Ahern, J., Tracy, M., & Vlahov, D. (2007). Neighborhood income and income distribution and the use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6 Suppl), S195-S202. Greyhound killer believed man he beheaded was an alien - Manitoba - CBC News. (2012, May 22). CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. Retrieved October 5, 2012 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2012/05/22/mb-vince-li-schizophrenia-interview-manitoba.html Kim, M., Ford, J., Howard, D., & Bradford, D. (2010). Assessing trauma, substance abuse, and mental health in a sample of homeless men. Health & Social Work, 35(1), 39-48. Lam,C.S., Hector,W.H., Corrigan,P.W., Lee, Y., Angell, B., Shi,K., Jin,S. (2010). Chinese lay
theoryand mental illness stigma: implications for research and practices. Journal
ofrehabilitation, 76(1), 35-40 Markowitz, F. (2010). Mental illness, crime, and violence: risk, context, and social control. Aggression and violent behavior, 16, 36-44. Montgomery, P., Brown, S., & Forchuk, C. (2011). Social determinants of health and health outcomes in men and fathers with mental health issues. Social Work In Mental Health, 9(2), 73-91 Phillippi, D. (2010) Not sick: The 1973 removal of homosexuality from the DSM. Mind of Modernity. Retrieved from http://www.mindofmodernity.com/not-sick-the-1973-removal-of-homosexuality-from-the-dsm Riviere, A. (2011). Indignity: the story of curtley joseph. Dominica News Online. Retrieved from http://dominicanewsonline.com/news/homepage/news/general/indignity-the-story-of-curtley-joseph/
Rogers, T., & Fahy, T. (2008). Suicide, violence, and schizophrenia. Psychiatry, 7(11), 482-485. Stamler, L., Yiu, L. (2012). Community health nursing: A Canadian perspective (3nd ed.). Pearson Education
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Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1525086/. Whalen, D. (2011). The stigma associated with mental health. Canadian Mental Health
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