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Challenges and Opportunities of Globaliation
Transcript of Challenges and Opportunities of Globaliation
Homogenization and Youth Culture
homogenization: when there is a loss in diversity between cultures (i.e. values, attitudes, beliefs, customs, and traditions become similar across cultures)
monoculture: when only one culture exists. A result of homogenization.
Challenges to Identity
Migration and Assimilation
migration: the movement of people from one place to another. We see skilled workers,family sponsored people, and refugees move to Canada
assimilation: a dominant group absorbs a minority group. This can be forced or voluntary.
turn to page 75 and read "Voices: Fitting In, Giving In".
assimilation and language: the dominant culture's language can make others disapear. For example, Canada is officially a bilingual country; however, New Brunswick is the only province that is actually bilingual.
turn to page 77. Check out the pie chart and map.
Responses to Challenges to Identity
The Challenge of Marginalization
marginalization: the pushing of a group to the "margins" of society, where they hold little social, political, or economic power.
this is when we start to see human rights issues pop up all over the place.
marginalized groups cannot just move out of the margins because of "isms", such as racism, classism, racism, sexism.
In the absence of political and economic power, it is a struggle to demarginalize.
have you heard of the oka crisis?
did you know Canada is a violator of human rights according to Amnesty International because of our marginalization of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit peoples
Accommodation and Identity
In order for non-dominant group to maintain some cultural identity, the dominant goup must agree to accommodate.
We can see this when the RCMP agreed to allow Sikh officers to wear their dastaar while on duty
In France the opposite has happened. It is illegal for people to wear anything that symbolises any religion or culture in any publicly funded building (including schools).
Turn to page 86 and 89
Valuing Diversity Through Integration
In Canada, integration is part of our education system
If there is not an environment of safety and acceptance however, diversity becomes assimilation and people are forced into a monoculture
Challenges and Opportunities of Globalization
To What Extent Should Globalization Affect Our Identity?
To What Extent Should We Respond to the Challenges of Globalization?
To What Extent Should We Respond to the Opportunities of Globalization?
Opportunities of Globalization
Opportunities for Identity
Responses to Opportunities
Accommodation & Integration in Urban Centres
urbanization: growth of cities
metropolises: large cities
diversity due to migration makes cities have a multitude of opportunities and cultural experiences (this creates what is referred to as cosmopolitan
in turn, cities provide migrants with many services that rural communities wouldn't
read pages 96-97
acculturation: changing due to contact with another group
turn to page 96-97. Answer the three questions.
turn to page 99. Explore figure 5-7.
cultural revitalization: an opportunity to celebrate identity.
turn to page 105 and check out figure 5-11 for an example of Inuit cultural revitalization.
Affirmation of Identity in a Globalizing World
Section 23 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
affirmation happens every time you acknowledge who you are
this can be done through something as political as Francophones fighting for language rights, or something as social as celebrating a cultural/religious holiday despite the dominant culture's choice of celebration
minority, language, and educational rights
read voices on page 108