Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Present Perfect

Look at the differences between these three ways of using the Present Perfect.
by

Jennifer McCoy

on 30 June 2010

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Present Perfect

Present Perfect!
The Present Perfect can be really confusing
for English language students.
Present Perfect has
several different uses.
The important thing to remember, though,
is that it always shows some kind of
connection
between the past and the present.
The important thing to remember is:
Present Perfect shows a
CONNECTION
between the past and the present.
Let's talk about
different ways to show a
connection
between the past and present.
1. Talking about something
that started in the past and
is still true now:
Oil became an important part of the economy of Dubai in 1966.
Oil is still an important part of the economy of Dubai now.
Oil has been an important part of the economy of Dubai since 1966.
Life in the UAE started changing a lot when oil was discovered.
Life in the UAE is still changing a lot now.
Life in the UAE has changed a lot since oil was discovered.
People started using the UAE dirham in 1973.
People still use the UAE dirham now.
People have used the UAE dirham since 1973.
The Burj Khalifa was the world's tallest building when it was finished
in October 2009.
It is still the world's tallest building.
The Burj Khalifa has been the world's tallest building
since it was finished in October 2009.
The seven emirates came together to make a new country in 1973.
The seven emirates are still together now.
The seven emirates of the UAE have been a country since 1973.
People started living in UAE area in ancient times.
People still live in the UAE area.
People have lived in the UAE area since ancient times.
People in Dubai started eating dates thousands of years ago.
People in Dubai still eat dates now.
People in Dubai have eaten dates for thousands of years.
Companies began building skyscrapers on Sheikh Zayed Road in the 1990s.
Companies are still building skyscrapers on Sheikh Zayed Road now.
Companies have built skyscrapers on Sheikh Zayed Road since the 1990s.
Let's talk about the history of the UAE.
People/UAE area/ancient times.
People/UAE/dates/thousands of years.
Oil/important part of Dubai's economy/1966.
Life in the UAE/oil was discovered.
The seven emirates/country/1973.
People/UAE dirham/1973.
Companies/skyscrapers on SZR/1990s.
The Burj Khalifa/world's tallest building/October 2009.
Do you remember the sentences?
Complete them:
Quick review!
Now make some questions about these pictures:
Start your questions with: "How long...?"
People have lived in the UAE area since ancient times.
People in the UAE have eaten dates for thousands of years.
Oil has been an important part of Dubai's enconomy since 1966.
Life in the UAE has changed a lot since oil was discovered.
The seven emirates have been one country since 1973.
People have used the UAE dirham since 1973.
Companies have built skyscrapers on SZR since the 1990s.
The Burj Khalifa has been the world's tallest building since it was finished in October 2009.
Answers!
Check your answers!
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------>
1.How long have they lived there? How long have they been married?
2.How long has she had this puppy?
3.How long has she worked as a doctor? How long has he been at the doctor's office?
4.How long has she owned this car? How long has she had her driver's license?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Now answer the questions!
Use your imagination.
Some possible questions:
Remember:
You make the present perfect by putting:

have/has + past participle
It's also used for:
2. Talking about something
that happened in the past,

but WHEN is not important,
or you don't know when.
Let's talk about interesting experiences.
Which of these things have YOU done
in your life?

ride a camel
eat sushi
go to Thailand
see a shooting star
play volleyball
watch the movie "Avatar"
learn to use Photoshop
meet a person from Australia
write a poem
lose a valuable thing
bake a cake
What's more important here -

yes or no

or

when?
Remember:
You make present perfect questions by putting:
(Question word) : have/has + subject + past participle
So, that's how present perfect is used
to talk about something that started in the past
and is still true now.
You're right:
The important thing is
if you have done the activity or not.
When you did the activity is not important here.

It happend IN YOUR LIFE (a time period connected to now).
Now, make some sentences about these experiences.
Remember:
You make the present perfect by putting:

have/has + past participle
and you make it negative by putting:

have/has + not/never + past participle
Now make some questions about these experiences.
Start your questions with:
"Have you ever..."
I have ridden a camel. I have never ridden a camel.
I have eaten sushi. I have never eaten sushi.
I have gone to Thailand. I have never gone to Thailand.
I have seen a shooting star. I have never seen a shooting star.
I have played volleyball. I have never played volleyball.
I have watched the movie "Avatar." I have never watched the movie "Avatar."
I have learned to use Photoshop. I have never learned to use Photoshop.
I have met a person from Australia. I have never met a person from Australia.
I have written a poem. I have never written a poem.
I have lost a valuable thing. I have never lost a valuable thing.
I have baked a cake. I have never baked a cake.
Have you ever ridden a camel?
Have you ever eaten sushi?
Have you ever gone to Thailand?
Have you ever seen a shooting star?
Have you ever played volleyball?
Have you ever watched the movie "Avatar?"
Have you ever learned to use Photoshop?
Have you ever met a person from Australia?
Have you ever written a poem?
Have you ever lost a valuable thing?
Have you ever baked a cake?
Answers:
Answers:
Now, ask your partner the questions.
After she answers with "Yes, I have..."
ask her a question with WHEN!
Example:
This question and this answer are in the PAST SIMPLE
because now you're talking about WHEN!!
You're talking about a specific time in the past. WHEN is important.
You can also make a question about how many times:
Student 1:
"Have you ever ridden a camel?"
Student 2:
"Yes I have."
Student 1:
"How many times have you ridden a camel?"
Student 2:
"I have ridden a camel many times!"
Now, try it!
All of these sentences used
for
since
or
We use "for" to talk about the amount of time.

We use "since" to talk about the time the action started.
for 5 minutes
for 3 months
for 10 years
for many years
for a long time
since Wednesday
since 5 o'clock
since 2003
since I met you
since last summer
This is probably because
"Yes, I have."
Have you ever
ridden a camel?
I rode a camel
at my grandfather's
farm
five years ago.
When did you
ride a camel?
YES or NO
How many pages have you read this week?
How much coffee have you drunk today?
How many levels have you completed at ZU
(since you started)?
Have you eaten lunch yet today?
How many movies have you seen this month?
How many movies have you seen in your life?
I've read 78 pages this week.
I've drunk 2 cups of coffee today.
I've completed three levels at ZU.
I haven't had lunch yet today.
I've seen six movies this month.
I've seen hundreds of movies
(in my life).
past now future
<------------------------------|------------------------------>
|------------>
today

|------------------------------>
this week

|-------------------------------------------->
this year

|----------------------------------------------------------------------->
in my life
today, this week, this year, and in my life
are time periods connected to now
yesterday
last week
last year
are not connected to now
That's how you use present perfect to talk about
something that happened in the past
if the time is not important or is not known.
3. The third way we use present perfect is
to talk about something that has happened
in a time period connected to now.
What has just happened?
What has just happened?
He has just spilled the milk.
He has just lost his keys.
She has just learned a secret.
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/present-perfect-simple-1
Present Perfect Practice:
So, what are the four ways we can use present perfect?
1. for something that started in the past and is still true now
2. for something that happened in the past,
but WHEN is not important or not known
4. for something that has happened
JUST before now
Now, let's practice!
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/present-perfect-simple-2
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/present-perfect-simple-3
http://www.learnenglish.de/tests/presentperfectverbs.htm
(next couple of frames for some form review...)
next frame for some form review
This might be "today" or "this week"

but it might be "in my life," too.
Let's talk about what you've done recently...
Now let's look at one more way to use
present perfect...
3. for something that has happened in
a time period connected to now
4. one more way!

Present Perfect can be used to talk about
something that has JUST happened.
Use present perfect
when you're talking about
something that has happened
in a time period connected to now.
Write your answers to these questions!
Answers!
What has just happened?
Full transcript