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Federalism

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by

Adam Schechter

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Federalism

Federalism
What is federalism?
The division of power between the federal (national) and state governments. This is set up by the US Constitution
Federal
Government
State
Government
The Supremacy Clause
The federal government is supreme (or higher than) the state governments.
Federal
Government
State
Government
Basically, if the federal government and state government got into a fight, the federal government would win.
Constitution Denies Powers
to State and Federal Government
There are things government CANNOT do such as:
Give titles of nobility
Tax exports (goods leaving the US)
Expressed Powers
: Powers that belong to the federal government ONLY!
Powers Include:
Conducting foreign policy
Regulating international and interstate commerce (trade with other countries/states)
Provide for the common defense
Declare war
Coin and print money
Create Post Office
Reserved Powers
: Powers that are kept by state governments -- only states can do these!
Powers Include:
Promoting public health, safety and welfare
Establishing local governments
Elections
Schools
Marriage Laws
Driving laws
Concurrent Powers (or shared powers)
: Powers both the national and state governments have.
Powers Include:
Enforce laws
Establish courts
Collect taxes
Borrow money
The tug of war between the federal and state governments
Tension!
Tensions exist when federal mandates require state actions without adequate funding.
The expansion of the national
government’s powers into areas
traditionally reserved to the states has
changed the relationship of states to the
national government.
Full transcript