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The Slow and Fast Carbon Cycle

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Kaylin voss

on 20 January 2017

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Transcript of The Slow and Fast Carbon Cycle

The Slow and Fast Carbon Cycle
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Carbon is the "backbone' of life and provides majority of our energy.
In this cycle carbon moves between rock, soil, ocean, and the atmosphere.
The Carbon Cycle : Intro
Process where plants absorb carbon dioxide and turn it into sugars for energy.
Photosynthesis
Slow Carbon Cycle : Intro
In the slow carbon cycle, carbon will sometimes be moved to the ocean. This picture shows the process of the acid (created by water and atmospheric carbon) eroding the rock which will be carried to the ocean.
Carbon Moves To The Ocean
This cycle is all about movement through life and is usually measured in lifespan.
Fast Carbon Cycle : Intro
Made of carbon
Eat carbon
Daily lives depend on carbon
Most carbon is stored in rocks but the remaining goes to the atmosphere, ocean, plants, soil, and fossil fuels.
Carbon does cause one big concern, Global Climate Change.
It may take up to 100-200 million years for the carbon to move between those elements.
One process starts with rain, It combines with atmospheric carbon, dissolves rocks and is carried to the ocean where it rests at the bottom.
Layers of sediment begin to be cemented together, forming rocks that store carbon.
Carbon can also be in layers of mud that are compressed by heat eventually forming rocks.
There are multiple ways carbon is
moved
Returning Carbon
Most of the carbon returns through volcanic eruptions.
The tectonic plates move against each other. One eventually is pushed underneath exposing the hot rock, releasing carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere.
Believe it or not the slow carbon cycle also contains a fast component.
It's the ocean which works in time with the atmosphere.
Carbon Cycle
This picture demonstrates the overall process of the carbon cycle.
Main Components
Plants
Phytoplankton
Plants and phytoplankton take carbon from the atmosphere and absorb it into their cells.
Plants primarily use a process known as photosynthesis that produces fuels which are usually sugars and oxygen.
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/CarbonCycle/page1.php
Work Cited
Carbon Being Released
Carbon can be released through the burning of plants.
The oxygen and sugar consumed by the plants exits as carbon dioxide and energy.
Plants play a big part in the regulation of carbon dioxide.
Respiration
Decomposition
This process is the opposite of photosynthesis.
Process (2) :
Humans eat plants, break down the glucose, and release carbon dioxide.
Plants release carbon dioxide previously inhaled back into the atmosphere.
https://bio4esobil2011.wordpress.com/2012/05/25/role-of-respiration-in-the-carbon-cycle/
This is a process that helps reclaim dead organisms
Fast Carbon Cycle
This picture shows carbon moving between land and water.
Rotting or decaying
Diffusion
Spread of something more wisely.
Carbon reaches the ocean through diffusion. From there it travels to the bottom of the ocean, is formed into rocks and the cycle continues to repeat itself.
https://public.ornl.gov/site/gallery/detail.cfm?id=326&topic=&citation=24&general=&restsection=
1016 to 1017 grams
1013 to 1014 grams
Carbon In The Ocean
92 gigatons
Atmosphere to
Ocean
Ocean to Atmosphere
90 gigatons
This picture illustrates the movement of carbon within the ocean.
Full transcript