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Baxter Magolda's Theory of Self-Authorship

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Alex Mulac

on 4 January 2014

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Transcript of Baxter Magolda's Theory of Self-Authorship

Baxter Magolda's Theory of Self-Authorship
The Study
101 Miami University students from earlier study
Later work
subset of 39 students into their twenties
subset of 30 students into their thirties
60-90 minute informal interviews

Definitions to Remember
Epistemology: "assumptions about the nature, limits, and certainty of knowledge" (pg. 125)

Self-Authorship: "the internal capacity to define one's own beliefs, identity, and social relations" (pg. 183)
The Theory
Occurs during the twenties
Three Questions/Dimensions of Development
How do I know?
epistemological dimension
Who am I?
intrapersonal dimension
How do I want to construct my relationships with others?
interpersonal dimension
not linear
the phases/path change depending on the individual
Elements of Self-Authorship
1. Trusting the Internal Voice
controlling reactions
developing confidence in beliefs

2. Building an Internal Foundation
build foundation that will guide actions

3. Securing Internal Commitments
applied internal foundation to all aspects of life
Born and raised in Lima, Ohio
B.A. in Psychology from Capital University
M.A. and Ph.D. in Higher Education from The Ohio State University
Today: Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership at Miami University of Ohio
Student Development Theory
Biographical Information
Relation to Earlier Theory
Theory of Epistemological Reflection
evidence of relation between epistemological development and development of sense of self
extension of theory of Epistemological Reflection
Tenets of the Theory
Four Phases (external to internal self-definition)
1- Following Formulas
2- Crossroads
3- Becoming the Author of One's Life
4- Internal Foundation
Phase 1- Following Formulas
How do I know/Epistemological
follow plans from outside authorities

Who am I/Intrapersonal
allow others to define them
allow others to define what they do

Relationship building is based on approval from others
Phase 2- Crossroads
How do I know/Epistemological
learn that the plans laid out for them are not working
unhappy and unfulfilled
decide to create new plans to align with their interests

Who am I/Intrapersonal
do not like how they are defined by others
see need to create own sense of self

seek less approval from others
Phase 3- Becoming the Author of One's Life
How do I know/Epistemological
choose own beliefs, live by, and stand up for them
learn that belief systems can change, differ based on context, and not always clear

Who am I/Intrapersonal
strong self-concept

negotiate in relationships
make commitments that honor self
Phase 4- Internal Foundation
How do I know/Epistemological
grounded in belief system
not affected by outside authorities

Who am I/Intrapersonal
grounded sense of self
feel at peace, content

mutuality in relationships
The Learning Partnership Model
3 Assumptions
• Epistemological- “environment portrays knowledge as complex and socially constructed”
o Ex. Ambiguous situations, differing beliefs

• Intrapersonal- “self is central to knowledge construction”
o Ex. The need to define themselves

• Interpersonal- “authority and expertise were shared in the mutual construction of knowledge among peers.”
o Ex. Gain knowledge through equal interactions

Strengths and Criticisms
Longitudinal approach
Detailed analysis
Easy to understand and observe
apply to practice (LPM)

Narrow Population
lack of diversity
small sample
American College Personnel Association. (2013). “Professional development speakers.” Retrieved from http://www2.myacpa.org/professional-development/bios/marcia-baxter-magolda

Baxter Magolda, Marcia. (n.d.). “Learning partnerships model: A framework for promoting self-authorship.” Retrieved from https://learn.kent.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-2520745-dt-content-rid-13630725_1/courses/15416_15438.201380/Baxter_Magolda_2004.pdf

Character Clearinghouse. (2011). “2011 DICSV interview with marcia baxter magolda, miami university of ohio.” Retrieved from https://characterclearinghouse.fsu.edu/index.php/jon-c-dalton-institute-on-college-student-values/keynote-speakers/588-baxter-magolda-interview

Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., & Renn, K. A. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

The Learning Partnerships Model
3 Principles
• Epistemological- “validating learners’ capacity to know”
o Ex. Employers respecting and valuing the individuals’ beliefs

• Intrapersonal- “situating learning in learners’ experience”
o Ex. Employers using learners’ existing knowledge to continue to learn

• Interpersonal- “mutually constructing meaning”
o Ex. Professor using their knowledge to help the individual learn more
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