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Copy of Research Paper Notes: Source and Note Cards
Transcript of Copy of Research Paper Notes: Source and Note Cards
Each card should include the following information:
Name of author
Name of book, magazine, etc.
Date of publication
City of publication
Name of article
Page numbers of article SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHY) CARDS The first line of each source entry should extend to the left margin with each additional line indented five spaces.
Pay special attention to the specific location of punctuation: commas, quotation marks, colons, and periods. Every entry ends with a period.
Space twice after periods, quotation marks, and colons in the body of an entry.
Remember to capitalize all proper nouns and titles. SOURCE (BIBLIOGRAPHY) CARDS Remember to underline (italicize) the title of all complete works, such as books, journals, pamphlets, magazines, newspapers, plays, recordings, and movies. Do not underline the title of the Bible, the Koran, or other sacred books.
Place quotation marks around the titles of articles, chapters, song titles, or works published as part of another, complete work.
In the top left corner of each card, write the location where you found the card. For example: ABC library, home library, Arlington Public Library, etc.
Number your cards consecutively in the top right hand corner. Your cards do not have to be in alphabetical order. NOTE TAKING Note taking is arguably the most critical stage in the research process. To take efficient notes:
Look first at the index and table of contents of your books, magazines, etc. to determine where your topic is discussed.
Skim the selected sections to
find out what material is covered.
Read important information
slowly to identify its meaning
and pertinence. NOTE TAKING
Carefully and accurately record information on 4x6 lined index cards.
Use one side of each card only.
Include only one major point from a single source per card.
Get the information right!
Place quotation marks around all direct quotes:
and phrases copied word-for-word from a source.
Use ellipsis marks (…) to indicate the omission of any material.
Consistently and carefully label each card. METHOD # 1: DIRECT QUOTATIONS Only quote when your source makes a statement that is memorable in its wording and would not make the same impression if you paraphrased.
Using too many quotations reduces your own authority.
Using too many quotations can also be distracting (no more than 2-3 per page).
Long quotations slow readers down and invite skim reading.
Use only as much of a quotation as you need to support your point.
Be careful not to change or distort any of its meaning! METHOD # 2: PARAPHRASING Paraphrasing can be defined as a restatement of your author’s ideas in your own words to make the ideas clearer or better suited to your purpose.
Generally, paraphrased statements should re-create the original source’s order and emphasis.
They should be clearer, but not necessarily shorter, than the original.
Paraphrased statements should neither distort meaning nor reproduce too closely the sentence patterns. METHOD # 3: SUMMARIZING Researchers summarize passages when they condense a fairly lengthy passage of text into a few sentences of their own.
Include only the main points, not specific details.
Summaries are shorter than the original source.
Be careful not to distort the meaning of the original text. SAMPLE To better understand the function and format of note cards, read the following scenario and paragraph:
Robin is writing a research paper entitled, “The Pitfalls of Higher Education.” She desires to use the following passage from Allan Bloom’s book, The Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy.
See the paragraph on your handout.
Notice the note card example on the following page that corresponds with this paragraph. DIRECT QUOTE EXAMPLE 2
“…if the students were really to learn something of the minds of any of these non-Western cultures, which they do not, they would find that each and every one of these cultures is ethnocentric.”
Good argument. Introduction? Transition to second half of paper? Robin’s personal comments / notes Direct quote with quotation marks Subject heading – Major division of your paper Source card # Author / Page #’s Colt Turner, M.Ed. Now You're Ready to Begin Your Research! References Allen, M. (2012, February 10). How to use notecards for research. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7lCR414lxcc.
How-To English. (2009, December 7). How to make a bibliography master list. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xhK1tCfdI9U