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Just War Theory

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by

Samantha Barrett

on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of Just War Theory

Realism
- Decisions are not made solely based on morals
- Believes in certain circumstances civilian casualties are necessary
- Limitations to war should not apply in extreme circumstances
- War can be fought for self-preservation and defense
- War can be preemptive or preventative
Jus post bellum
"Delineates the rights and duties which belligerents have vis-a-vis one another once the war is over" (Fabre, 2008, pp. 963).
Jus in bello
"Prescribes how soldiers may fight in war" (Fabre, 2008, pp. 963).
Six Criteria of Just War:
1. Just cause
2. Legitimate authority to declare war
3. Halt aggression and secure peace
4. War as a last resort
5. Peace and victory are likely outcomes
6. Proportionality
(Irvine, 2007)
Just War Theory
In the Context of Realism and Cosmopolitanism
Is war ever justifiable?
Jus ad bellum
"Sets out the conditions under which an entity may resort to war" (Fabre, 2008, pp. 963).
Cosmopolitanism
- Based in human rights and the idea of equal worth
- The right to a "minimally flourishing life"
(Fabre, 2008, pp. 965).
- Decisions are based in moral beliefs
- Individuals have the right to declare and engage in war
By: Samantha Barrett
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