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Communism

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Daniela Tornoe

on 16 July 2013

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Transcript of Communism

Communism
Is a socialist movement to create classless, moneyless and a stateless order, in which all people own the same things and have the same advantages of labor.
All the people in a communist society share the same political ideology.
But in that project they failed because there was still a small powerful group that opposed to this. They didn't want to everyone get paid the same amount of money because some people worked harder than others, so it was unfair.

Types of communism around the history


Marxist communism was the first communism in the history ruled by Karl Marxs and Frederich Engels. Many branches develop like:
Leninism: Vladmir Lenin
Stalinism: Joseph Stalin
Maoism: Mao Zedong
Hoxhaism: Enver Hoxha
Titoism: Josip Broz Tito
Eurocommunism: Antonio Gramsci
Autonomism: Antonio Negri
There were two groups that were non marxist like:
Anarchist Communism: Peter Kropotkin
Christian Communism: Based on Christian messages.

Joseph Stalin
- He was born on the December 18, 1878 in Russia, and died on the March 5, 1973 (at the age of 73). He accomplished many things on his life. He was part of the communist party.
- He had 3 children.
- Joseph joined Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin, instead of following her mother steps of a Christian Orthodox.
- He was arrested for coordinating a labor strike and exiled to Siberia. He started mundane operations of the revolution, calling meetings, publishing leaflets and organizing strikes and demonstrations. After escaping from the exile, he was marked by the secret police as an out law and continued his work in hiding, raising money through robberies, kidnappings and extortion.
In February 1917, the Russian Revolution began.

Rise to power


In 1922, Stalin was appointed to the general secretary of the Communist Part. After Lenin's death, in 1924, Stalin destroyed the old party and take total control. At first, he had people against him, but he exiled them including Leon Trotsky. Stalin set strict rules, so many people was arrested on the night. Rivals were accused of aligning with capitalists nations, called "enemies of people" and executed. He made a vast reign of terror.
Stalin's thoughts...
He believe that collectivism would accelerate food production, all peasants lost their land because they start working for the state. Millions were killed or forced labor or starved during the ensuing famine. Stalin also set in motion rapid industrialization that initially achieved huge successes, but overtime cost millions of lives and vast damage to the environment. Any resistance was met with swift responds; millions of people were sealed to labor camps of the Gulag or were executed.
Communism in Russia
Russia was for many centuries separated, geographically and politically, from the development of Western civilization and culture, and thus came late into what, for most of Europe, would be called the modern age.1 But the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, witnessing as they did an extensive overcoming of these earlier barriers, permitted a very considerable progress in the modernization of Russian society. By the time the country was overtaken by the First World War, its situation was not entirely discouraging. Industrialization was proceeding at a level only two or three decades behind that of the United States. There was under implementation a program of education reform which, if allowed to continue unimpeded, would have assured total literacy within another two decades. And the first really promising program for the modernization of Russian agriculture (the so-called Stolypin reforms), while by no means yet completed, was proceeding steadily and with good chances for ultimate success.
These achievements, of course, had not been reached without conflicts and setbacks. Nor were they, alone, all that was needed. Still to be overcome as the war interceded were many archaic features in the system of government, among them the absolutism of the crown, the absence of any proper parliamentary institutions and the inordinate powers of the secret police. Still to be overcome, too, was the problem of the non-Russian nationalities within the Russian Empire. This empire, like other multinational and multilingual political constellations, was rapidly becoming an anachronism; the maintenance of it was beginning to come under considerable pressure.


Also the communism was supposed to make all the citizens happy, rich and comfortable.
Is an economic system in which investment and ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state owned means of wealth.
CAPITALISM
In a capitalist economy, investors are free to buy, sell, produce, and distribute goods and services with at most limited government control, at prices determined primarily by a competition for profit in a free market.
The central elements of capitalism include capital accumulation, competitive markets, and price system.
He died in 1953, seeing many of his goals accomplished.
Thank
You
for your attention.
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