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The Chinese Cultural Revolution

World History 2012

Kiri T

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of The Chinese Cultural Revolution

The Chinese Cultural Revolution By: Colton Martel Thu Suong Truong Welcome to China The year is 1966 A now revolution has broken
out in China... It's main purpose? To modify the education
and art system in China. 8,000 miles across the world and 46 years back in time... To which they can
better follow the
communist principles. Chinese Cultural Revolution Mao Zedong 8,000 Miles 46 years ago The Little Red Book October 1966-
October 1976 United States Great Britain France Communist Liu Shaoqi Confucianism Daoism Cold War The Soviet Union Lin Biao Jiang Qing Power Order Education Zhou Enlai Worship Mao The Gang of Four Re-education Camp "To Read too many
books is harmful."
-Mao Mao was one of China's most influential leader of the time. Most issues that arose during the Chinese Cultural Revolution could relate back to Mao in some ways. One in which is the "Little Red Book." Which took a turn on the chinese's religious aspects. Because of such purposes
and more, this revolution
was later given the name.... Japan Capitalism Communism Communism is an economic system in which people all share and live equally. Nobody can oppress and suppress anyone else because all are equal. None are poor and have to struggle needlessly without the necessities of life while others wallow in gluttonous excess because under true communism all citizens are recognized are being truly equal. Chinese Communist Flag /Symbol Capitalism is an economic system in which wealth, and the means of producing wealth, are privately owned and controlled rather than publicly or state-owned and controlled. The Cultural Revolution also
influenced the Cold War. Which was a struggle for dominant between communist countries in the east made up of the Soviet union and China vs. the capitalist countries in the west made up of states such as the United states, Great Britain, and France. Chiang Kai-Shek The Cold War lasted from 1945 to 1991. The emblem of the
Nationalist Party of China Mao Zedong giving an announcement after the communist won the nationalist on October 1, 1949. Mao announced the creation of the People's Republic of China. Chiang Kai-Shek was a Chinese political and military leader. He was an influential member of the Nationalist Party (also known as Kuomintang (KMT) ) and was a close ally of Sun Yat-sen. When Sun died, he took over as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China (ROC) and served from 1928 to 1948. (20 years) Mao Zedong was leader of the Chinese Communist Party from 1935 and remained chairman of the party until his death. China has been called "Red China" Because of the communist
party's control over the country. The Great Leap
Forward The great leap forward was an economic and social plan used from 1958 to 1961 which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform mainland China from a primarily agrarian economy dominated by peasant farmers into a modern, agriculturalize and industrialized communist society. It's main purpose was to make China into a great industrial powered country. Millions of peasants in industrial work could no long manage their crops which effected China's agricultural goals that soon were never reached. Balance was not accomplish and 20 million people died from starvation because of lack of food. Results of The Great Leap Forward: Mao received many criticism from the Communist party because of the failure with the “Great Leap Forward.” And soon Stepped down from Chairman of the People’s Republic of China. However, Mao still remained Chairman of the Communist party. During this time, Mao spent his years studying about political economics. He wasn't going to give up so easy and is spending this time to study and wait for the perfect time to take action. When Mao was ready to take action, he launched the Chinese Cultural Revolution to adjust the four educational systems within China. With the help of Lin Biao, Mao was able to over throw all party members who went against him and tried to promote himself back as chairman of the People’s Republic of China. However this was accomplished
till later on... Lin Biao was China's defense minister and the leader of the army. On a more religious note, Lin Biao announced to everyone and encouraged them to worship Mao. He promoted this by organizing a book filled with Mao's writings and quotes giving it the title: The Little Red Book: Quotations from Chairman Mao. This book soon became a requirement to all who are followers of Mao. But it wasn't till a group of students who called themselves red guards took Mao's words entirely serious and thought everything Mao said was the truth did a fight between worships and religion broke out. Within it is now the new worshipers of Mao. It seems Lin Biao promoted the worship of Mao because Mao was afraid of the influence from the Soviet Union (a more powerful communist country,) will over throw the policies Mao is and will create for China. He was afraid the people would want to live 'their' way rather than the way that Mao wanted if he let them pick and choose their own religions; and that might bring the fall to his political power as leader. So to maintain control within China, Lin Biao helped Mao limit everyone to just reading the Little Red Book to prove they as real followers of Mao. Mao was actually raised in a Buddhist tradition but he didn't acknowledge the fact and let the people know. He rejected all forms of religion to maintain his power. He did promote Confucianism and Taoism (Daoism) over the years though. The Red Guards These are the people who would wear red arm bands, carry The Little Red Book, and spread the word of Mao to all. But in all truths, they were nothing more than bullies. Hurting, criticizing, and injuring people who did not support Mao. Disruption arose again and in this society, only the worshiper of Mao were left unharmed. If you where not Mao's followers, you would be forced to wear dung caps and get physically abused and mentally hurt. Sometimes, you'd even be killed. Dung Caps Red Guard They consist of Mao's last wife Jiang Qing
and her close associates Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, and Wang Hongwen. who were very powerful communist. Mao was at first delighted to see the Red Guard's devotion that he'd hold speeches for them but over time, the damages they caused and the disruption made Mao think twice. He later ordered the military to put an end to the Red Guard's actions. They were none the less master minds at what they do! Their main purpose is to gain the utmost power they can. During the red guard disaster these four used the red guard's disruptions as an excused to cause their own. The four became close to Mao Zedong and eventually helped him over throw the head of the Chairman Liu Shaoqi. The four spread false rumors about Liu Shaoqi causing him to be criticized by his people and though Liu was angry, he has lost his protesting rights. So he couldn't do much about this. Liu soon was expelled from the party. It was then that Mao got his position as chairman back. Mao was finally satisfied and thought to put an end to the Chinese Cultural Revolution. He has got everything he wanted and his enemies are all locked away, but the gang of four and Lin Biao was still thirsty for power and thought differently. They had plans to continue the Cultural Revolution. Because of this argument, the Cultural Revolution dragged on till one day.... On September 13, 1971, when word got out Lin wanted to assassinate Mao. Lin hurried to escape afraid of the consequences and it was during the plane he aborted that he crashed landed and died caused from lack of fuel. Mao died on September 9, 1976 from several heart attacks. Many people mourn for the lost of their great leaders. Many people say Mao's death marked the end to the Cultural Revolution but others said it didn't completely end till the arrest of the gang of four for their corrupt activities a month later. Either way, it could be safe to said that during the year 1976 was when the Cultural Revolution ended. Additional info... The Cultural Revolution left 20 million dead and many beaten / injured. The movement also left many farmers and people with little to no basic necessities such a clothing and rice. Now as for the Red Guards, Mao ordered many of them along with 16 million other high school graduated students to go do labor in the country at what is called a re-education camp. Which sounds like a light punishment for students and their outbreak that created the red guards. Another possible reasoning for these re-education camps was to punish people for being counter-revolutionary. Because of such words, talent was wasted and by the end of the Cultural Revolution, most students was still at a high school level or lower. The arts during the time of the Chinese revolution reflect upon some of the most wild and appalling time periods that China went through recently. Artists were more stimulated and pushed towards the idea to create art that imitated the revolutionary mood during that time. In Mao’s words, it was to create art “for the people”. The impact of this command on artists and art making was immense. Oil painting replaced ink painting; which had been one of the most respected art forms in China for over a millennium (which is one thousand years) it was the preferred painting style of china during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Though many aspects of the Cultural Revolution inspired many artists to draw, there was also limitations... Any artist who whose work seemed capitalistic or “non-socialist” was to be persecuted and have the prevention of working bestowed upon them. Geography areas affected… Like in the video earlier has mentioned, Mao’s influenced affected as far off as to Tibet! During the Red guards disruption, The Forbidden City was the one place were things were still spared through out the whole Cultural Revolution movement. It is safe to add that the cultural revolution effected not just the many cities but also the farmlands and country sides where crops and farming became very difficult to do and where many students and people where taken to after the re-educational camps open to work after the Cultural Revolution. Web Cite:











http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1338&dat=19670919&id=n1dYAAAAIBAJ&sjid=vfcDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7292,926654 Thanks for Watching! http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1338&dat=19670919&id=n1dYAAAAIBAJ&sjid=vfcDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7292
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