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Dmowski and Piłsudski ideas - incorporation and federation
Transcript of Dmowski and Piłsudski ideas - incorporation and federation
Incorporation & federation How it looks like today: Józef Piłsudski Polish statesman—Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal" (from 1920), and leader of the Second Polish Republic (1926–35) . He had a substantial influence on Poland's politics from the second half of the World War I and he was also an important figure on the European political scene. At that time, Piłsudski's major foreign-policy initiative was based on the conception of federation of Poland (called "Miedzymorze", which in English stands for "Between-Seas", and for "Intermarum" in Latin; The area stretching from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea) with the independent Baltic states and Belarus and Ukraine, somewhat in emulation to the pre-partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Piłsudski's plan met with opposition from the majority of important member states, which refused to relinquish any of their hard-won independence, as well as from the Allied powers, for which it meant a change of the existing balance-of-power structure. The Intermarum idea: Poland Ukraine Belarus Baltic States Russia The main idea: to push Russia far in the east, so they won't be able to rebuild their former empire Unfortunately, during the Polish - Russian (Bolshevik) War of 1920 the plans changed. Lack of manpower and problems with Petlura - Ukrainian general - made them impossible to accomplish. Russia Poland Ukraine Lithuania Lotwa Estonia Belarus Roman Dmowski was a Polish politician, statesman, chief ideologist and co-founder of the right-wing political movement- National Democracy (Polish "Endecja") - in interwar Poland.
Despite his controversial personality, Dmowski played a major role in restoring Poland's independence. Together with his arch-rival Józef Piłsudski, he is one of the foremost Polish politicians of the 20th century. "The thoughts of modern Polish citizen" - was Dmowski's political manifest.
Dmowski favored a modernizing program and claimed that Poles should stop looking back at the old Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This conception stood in opposition to Piłsudski's federal idea. The incorporation idea: Polish borders in Dmowski's idea He assumed that on new, stabilized polish territory it is possible to conduct efficient polonization. Therefore it would be possible to create solid society. Conclusion The Dmowski's line Dmowski Piłsudski Dmowski favored, what he called, the "national state," the state in which the citizens would speak Polish and profess the Roman Catholic faith.
Dmowski's vision was similar to former Polish Kingdom ruled by the Piast dynasty ( with today's Poland borders), ethnically and religiously homogeneous. - main enemy: Russia
- Poland as a leader of the federation of states (Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus)
- thanks to it Russia's position will be weakened -> no longer a threat main goal: to secure stability and existence of the young Polish state made by Bartosz Zabek made by Bartosz Zabek made by Katarzyna Krajewska, Julia Piekarska, Agnieszka Zatoń, Bartosz Zabek - main enemy: Germany
- Polish borders should go as far in east as it is possible to maintain state stability based on the idea of society homogenization (excellent situation - borders from 1793) Incorporation
-the concept of international law, similar to the concept of union-it is the absorption of the territory by another country:*if the absorbed territory is a country, it loses its subjectivity in terms of law and international affairs*the absorbing country keeps its subjectivity and additionally gains territory-examples: German reunification FEDERATION = > Latin: foedus, foederis, 'covenant'), also known as a federal state is a political entity characterised by a union of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central (federal) government.
In a federation, the self-governing status of the component states, as well as the division of power between them and the central government, are typically constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the states.
- example: One example of Federation was on 1 January 1901, when all the states of Australia, which each began as a separate colony, came together under one central government. The states all retained their government, but some areas came under the jurisdiction of the Federal government. Definitions: