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Transcript of Singapore
Adopted as official flag of Singapore in 1965 when Singapore became independent (Singapore Flag)
When Singapore was a Strait Settlement before becoming part of Malaysia they had a Lion emblem (Flag of Singapore)
Stripe of red represents equality and brotherhood
Stripe of white represents purity and virtue
Crescent represents ascent of a young country
5 stars represent democracy, peace, justice, progress, and equality (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
Influences of Singapore’s flag come from Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia
The colors of the flag came from the Malaysian flag
The flag did not change when Singapore was part of Malaysia or when they became independent
Singapore has special flags used for private, government, and military vessels
All still contain the crescent with five stars and national colors (“Flag of Singapore”)
The flag design was chosen to show Singapore was a new country that wanted to function as a country that had been around for decades
Image of the flag of Singapore.
Singaporeans waving their flag.
The flag of Singapore reflects the culture of all who live there. Singapore’s flag serves as a reminder of when they were a part of the Malaysian Federation. The colors on the Singapore flag are the same as those on the Malaysian flag, connecting them to the country they were formerly part of. The flag of Singapore represents equality, peace and justice, which are all important values for the people. Singapore’s flag also reflects their independence. During Singapore’s National Day, their flag is seen everywhere as a symbol of their fight to be an independent Nation.
1819- Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles discovered the island
He believed the island had benefits
Purchased the island for its strategic location
Later established it as a trading post
1824- Founded as British trading colony
1869- Suez Canal was opened encouraging more trade between Europe and Asia
1942- Singapore fell to Japanese
1945- British gained control of Singapore again
1959- Singapore allowed self-government by Britain
Lee Kuan Yew led the government
Yew was head of People’s Action Party
Became first Prime Minister in 1965
Appointed Goh Chok Tong to be PAP leader (1990), and eventually Prime Minister in 2004 (Butwell)
1963- Joined Malaysian Federation
1965- Gained independence from Malaysian Federation August 9 ( "Singapore." Central Intelligence Agency)
1991- Constitution revised to include more power for the executive position
2003- U.S and Singapore signed a free-trade agreement (Butwell)
Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who first discovered the island.
Singapore as a British trading colony.
Democratic republic/ parliamentary form of government
People are allowed to vote for their leaders
The president is the leader of the state
Current President: Tony Tan
Also a prime minister who is head of the government with his cabinet
His cabinet includes 99 members
Voting age is 21
All citizens required to vote
Part of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
Government is based on the British system
Legislative branch leaders elected for up to 5 years
People's Action Party (PAP) has been majority in Legislative branch since 1959
Government values multiracial harmony, stability, and economic modernization
The government is stable
In 1980s there was criticism about lack of public debate
Situation was resolved ("Singapore." The New Book of Knowledge)
Singapore President Tony Tan
Singapore government logo.
Nearly ⅔ the island is less than 50 ft above sea level (“Singapore”. Britannica)
Lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
Highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Area: 697 sq km, or 247 sq. miles
Coastline: 193 sq. km, or 269 sq. mi (“Singapore”. CIA)
Singapore is located near the Indian ocean
flat, a few hills
The Bukit Timah is the highest summit
Other features include the Panjang and Mandai hills and Mount Faber
All located on eastern side of the island
Singapore is a City-State
There are other smaller cities, but Singapore is the main one
Singapore consists of over 50 smaller islands (islets), not including the big island (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
The Singapore Strait separates Singapore and the Indonesian islands (“Singapore”.Britannica)
Rainforests are located in the center of the island
Mangrove swamps line coast (“Singapore” The New Book of Knowledge)
Seletar River is the longest river in Singapore, 9 mi long
Only 5 % of Singapore today is covered in trees (Ulack)
Political map of Singapore.
High humidity, rainy, and hot temperatures throughout the year
Humidity usually stays around 75% year round (“Singapore: Landforms & Climate”)
Temperatures between 75°F and 91°F
About 7 inches of rainfall in July, driest month
About 10 inches of rainfall per month from November to January (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
Two monsoon seasons:
Northeastern monsoon: December to March
Southwestern monsoon: June to September
Frequent afternoon and early evening showers (“Singapore”. CIA)
Highest recorded temperature was 97° F
Rain falls somewhere on the island every day of the year
95 inches of rain annually (“Singapore”. Britannica)
Since Singapore is near the equator, the climate stays mostly the same throughout the year (“Singapore” The New Book of Knowledge)
Singapore is prone to destructive flash flooding
Urban developments make risk of flooding increase (“Singapore: Landforms & Climate”)
Singapore’s warm climate allows trading throughout the year because the ocean/ passageways don’t freeze up
Literacy rate: 95.8% (age 15 and over)
Life expectancy male: 81.86 years, female: 87.07 years
Median age: overall 33.8 years, male 33.7 years, female 33.9 years
Ethnic groups: Chinese 74.2%, Malay 13.3%, Indian 9.2%, other 3.3%
Urban population: 100%
50.3% of people are ages 25-54
GDP Per Capita: $62,400
Area: 269 sq. miles
Unemployment rate: 6.7%
Hospital bed density: 2.7 beds/1,000 population
Physicians density: 1.92 physicians/1,000 population
Fertility rate: 0.8 children born/woman
People living with HIV/AIDS: 3,400
Deaths due to HIV/AIDS: fewer than 100 (“Singapore”. CIA)
26% earn less than $1,500, below poverty line
74% earn more than $1,500
16% in poverty 2002, 26% 2011
Poverty line increased from $1,000 and below (2002), to $1,500 and below (2011)
High income was $4,500 and above, now $5,000 and above
Singapore keeps getting more expensive, people can not keep up
6th most expensive city in the world
Transportation and housing are the most expensive
400,000 Singaporeans are living on S$5 (5 Singapore dollars) a day
10%-15% of Singaporeans are unemployed and have no income
A budget was recently put into place to help out such as:
A kindergarten fee assistance
Transport subsidies for those with disabilities (Leyl)
Singapore is 100% urban
Buildings crowd the city, transportation systems become limited
As more people move the the city-state, more housing is built
The small land area means more tall buildings are needed
The price of these buildings is expensive, increases amount of money citizens have to pay
Some people can not afford expensive housing
Have to live in flats with little room
Families are tightly packed into small living space (Fredeen)
1 S$ (Singapore dollar) = 0.74 US Dollar
Singapore dollars are mainly green
Common bills include 1S$, 2S$, 5S$, 10S$, and 50S$
Front: has a picture of first President of Singapore Yusof bin Ishak, coat of arms, and a Lion head registration device
Back: Garden City with skyscrapers in the background, Tembusu tree at Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore Orchids, watermark of Yusof bin Ishak
5S$ are commonly used bills, which is why the first president is one them.
Front: picture of first president Yusof bin Ishak, coat of arms, and a Lion head registration device
Back: education, schooling, students
A school and students are on the 2S$ because education is very important to them
Singapore dollars are printed in Australia, Singapore, and Switzerland
Singaporean currency displays the most important aspects of their country
A picture of their first president (all bills) is a reminder of when they weren’t an independant country
Education (2S$) is one of Singapore’s top priorities, students are expected to do well in school (“Singapore Banknotes”)
$5 in Singapore money.
Coins from Singapore.
Poor man begging for money in the streets of Singapore.
Cramped housing in Singapore.
Comparing literacy rates of Singapore and Kenya.
GDP of Singapore and other countries.
Boats shipping goods from Singapore.
An oil refinery in Singapore.
Education is very important (“Singapore” Culturegrams)
Results in high literacy rate, more than 93% can read and write
Singapore's education system is ranked 4th in the world
Education is free for the 6 years required by children
Most children go to kindergarten starting around age 3
Kids ages 6-17 are required by law to go to school
Schools teach in English
First four years of primary school: study mathematics, English, physical education, social studies, music, mother tongue
Science introduced age 9
Ages 10-12 students prepare for PSLE exam (Butwell)
If a student gets over 90%, they pass and can continue on to secondary school
Those who fail have to remain in primary school, take the exam again next year
Students are expected to show respect to their teachers
Schools have up-to-date technology, but mostly use textbooks
After secondary school, students go to pre-university programs or vocational schools (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
Students who do not choose to go to secondary school can go to vocational, craft, or technical schools (“Singapore” The New Book of Knowledge)
The National University of Singapore was established in 1980
One of Asia's leading multidisciplinary universities (Ulack)
Education in Singapore reflects the culture of those who strive to make improvements in the country. Schools have strict guidelines to ensure that children grow up to be successful. These are put in place by the government. Strict guidelines in education result in the highest scores that rank Singapore fourth in the world. These scores reflect the effort and hard work of many young people all throughout Singapore. With advanced education scores, Singapore’s building industry has improved and the push for becoming more modern has been fulfilled. Many new modern buildings means more job opportunities are being opened. As long as Singapore is a world leader in education, they will continue to become more modern and make improvements to our world.
Typical Singapore classroom.
The National University of Singapore.
Singapore has the most advanced economy in Southeast Asia
Called the “world trade center”
surrounded by water, which is the main passage for trade
Singapore Strait is one of the most used waterways for trade
Singapore’s government relies heavily on trade to/from other countries
not only dependant on trade
The economy also is dependant on investments from multinational corporations
Exports: $410.3 billion
Inflation rate: 2.4%
GDP Per Capita: $62,400
Singapore has little natural resources, no natural forests left
Local fishing industry supplies small amount of
Singapore is known for major exports of orchids and aquarium fish
Manufactured goods industries electronics, pharmaceuticals, and ship repair (“Singapore” Encyclopedia Britannica)
Oil refining also a big part industry starting in 1980’s
Construction of new factories and buildings has fueled economic growth
Tourism is a growing industry (Butwell)
Telephones main line: 1.99 million
Telephones cellular: 8.063 million
Internet users: 3.235 million
Home computers: 1.96 million
Radio stations: 18 (“Singapore.” CIA)
Singapore is known for making new and improved electronics
The use of technology has made Singapore a more modern country
First mobile phone in Singapore was made in 1977 (IDA)
Schools in Singapore use advanced technology in classrooms to bring students together
Singapore’s investments in Information Technology has led to high national test scores
Getting technology into schools and teaching instructors how to use technology has cost the most money (Butrymowicz)
3 main meals: breakfast, lunch, and dinner
Morning, noon, and evening
Most families sit around a table to eat
Malays and Indians sit on a floor mat for special occasion
Before eating, customary to wash and dry their hands
Rice is a dietary staple
Chinese, Malay, and Indian culture influence food
A common breakfast consists of roti prata, an Indian flatbread, eggs, or porridge
A common lunch consists of Chinese noodle dishes
Common snack foods are poh piah (spring roll),Chinese Baos (buns), and tropical fruits
Common main dinner dish is Chicken Rice
Traditional holiday meals include rice dumplings and mooncakes
Families try to eat dinner together every night
If not possible, they eat lunch together on Saturdays
Dinner is served in individual bowls with rice
people then dish small portions of vegetables and meats into their bowl
Dishes with vegetables and meat are placed in center of the table
Not customary to put full meal in bowl at beginning of meal
Many people eat out
Restaurants have to accommodate the needs of religions who don’t eat beef or pork
Both men and women cook the meals (“Singapore”. Culturegrams)
The food in Singapore reflects the culture of not only those who live there but also other countries that surround them. As most of their food is imported, Singapore has to get foods from other countries such as China and Malaysia. These countries have influenced the types of food that is eaten in Singapore a lot. Many snack foods and main meals come from traditional Chinese noodle dishes. Although Singapore has many influences of outside culture, they also have their own traditional foods that are mostly served on holidays. As a young country that gained their independence in 1965, Singapore will have opportunities to create new foods and continue to keep making their country’s traditional foods.
Soundblaster Sound Card
Invented by company called Creative in 1989
Inventor: Sim Wong Hoo
Gave sound to PC’s
Was not the first audio expansion card
Became IBM’s standard for consumer audio until Microsoft
One of the earliest hard drive-based digital music players before Apple’s iPod
Trek Thumb Drive
Also called USB drive
Stores computer files
Replaced the floppy disc
Partnered with IBM to create
Sold first USB flash drive at the end of 2000
Many companies like this “USB” idea
Patent lawsuits of bigger companies cleared some knock-off brands (Loh)
Modesty is important
More revealing clothes are being worn
Most Singaporeans wear lightweight western-style clothing
Similar to clothing in the US
Jeans, t-shirts, etc.
Younger people wear the newest fashions
Traditional clothing includes:
An Indian sari (a wraparound skirt worn by women)
Salwar Kameez (a knee-length shirt worn over baggy trousers, worn by women)
Jippa (knee length shirt worn over trousers for men)
Cheongsam- Chinese dress
Kebaya- Malay dress
Clothing reflects the cultural diversity in Singapore (Singapore CultureGrams)
Singapore textile and apparel industry has been steadily growing for 40 years
Second to Hong Kong in the textile and apparel business sourcing hub
Singapore’s fashion industry generates US$3.6 billion (S$4.4 billion) (Lee)
Bowden, David. "A Portrait of Singapore." Malaysia & Singapore. London: DK, 2008. Print.
Butrymowicz, Sarah. "Singapore Plows Ahead of U.S. With Technology in Classrooms." NBC News. NBC News, 27 Apr. 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2015.
Butwell, Richard. "Singapore." Lands and Peoples. Grolier Online, 2015. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.
"Flag of Singapore." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.
"Folk Music of Singapore." Folk Music of Singapore. Focussingapore.com. Web. 03 May 2015.
Fredeen, Charles. "Urbanization in Singapore. Making Small More Livable." MAYORS CITIES. Metro-News, 31 May 2014. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.
Guruswamy, Rekha. "Religions in Singapore." Religions in Singapore. Work Singapore. Web. 25 Apr. 2015.
"History of Mobile Phones and Numbering in Singapore." IDA. IDA Singapore, 08 Jan. 2004. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.
Lee, Agatha. "Welcome to Our Digital Place." Fashion Revolution ICal. Futerra. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.
Leyl, Sharanjit. "How Do Singapore's Poor Families Get By?" BBC News. BBC News, 27 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.
Loh, Larry. "5 Singapore Tech Inventions That Rocked Our World." CNN Travel. Cable News Network, 22 Mar. 2010. Web. 12 Apr. 2015.
"Singapore Banknotes." Banknotes.com. Audrius Tomonis, 1997. Web. 30 Mar. 2015.
"Singapore." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.
"Singapore." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2015. Web. 11 Mar 2015.
"Singapore flag." Flag. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.
"Singapore: Landforms & Climate." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 28 Mar. 2015.
"Singapore." The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2015. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.
"Singaporean Cultural Norms and Traditions." AngloINFO Limited. Angloinfo, 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.
Ulack, Richard. "Singapore." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2015. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.
Map of Asia, with Singapore circled.
Older buildings in Singapore reflect the architectural styles of colonial Britain
Newer buildings are more modern
Influenced by Asian countries such as China or Malaysia
Typical housing are Housing and Development Board flats/apartments
Where 80 percent of Singaporeans live
Flats are located in high rise buildings
Other housing includes semi-detached houses, bungalows, and condominiums
Buildings are tall-mostly skyscrapers
Saves space for the small island
School buildings look similar to living spaces
Church buildings are mostly non-traditional
Modern designs (“Singapore” CultureGrams)
Esplanade Theatres on the Bay is one famous building in Singapore
Located near the mouth of the Singapore River
Opened October 12, 2002 (Bowden)
The information technology in Singapore reflects the culture of the people that seek a modern world. With the use of technology, Singapore has been able to make advancements in education, jobs, and everyday life. Classrooms can use this new technology to help students better understand the world. Technology is also used in the workforce to make jobs easier. In everyday life, information technology is used to communicate. Technology in Singapore will continue to make people’s lives easier and be a reminder of a changing world.
People have the freedom to worship
This is written in the constitution
Religion reflects ethnic background
Main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism
About half of the population is made up of Buddhists and Taoists
A main belief of Buddhism is the Buddha is the teacher who shows us the path to enlightenment
A main belief of Taoism is that the religion stresses humanity’s relationship with nature
13% are Muslim, mostly all Malays
18% are Christian, Chinese or Caucasian
5% are Hindu, mostly Indians
Common for people to practice a combination multiple religions
16% of Singaporeans are atheist or agnostics (called “free-thinkers”)
All religions are practiced in harmony
Marriage between different religions can cause problems
Religions can make laws for marriage of their members (“Singapore”. CultureGrams)
Religious traditions: Hindus don’t eat beef, Buddhists are often vegetarian, Muslims don’t eat pork.
Religions influences family life, which is one of the most important parts of Singapore society ("Singaporean Cultural Norms and Traditions.")
Public holidays include National Day (Aug. 9), Labor Day (May 1), and Chinese New Year (Jan/Feb)
These public holidays are celebrated because it connects people to their ethnicities
Religious holidays include Hari Raya Haji (lunar calendar), Vesak Day (May/June), and Deepavali (Oct/Nov) (Bowden)
One cultural tradition is food
Traditional Singapore food is a mixture of Chinese and Malay
Hindus don’t eat beef, are often vegetarian
Buddhists are sometimes vegetarian
Muslims don’t eat pork or drink alcohol
Another cultural tradition is dance
Traditional dances of Singapore are influenced by popular Chinese, Malaysian, and Indian cultures
Other more traditional Chinese and Malay folk dances and ballets are performed ("Singapore." CultureGrams)
A third cultural tradition is music
Traditional music is a reflection of the Chinese, Indian Malays and Tamils
Other smaller groups that influence traditional Singapore music are the Cantonese, Hokkien and Malay Bangwasan
Many traditional and popular music is performed at the Esplanade- Theatres on the bay (Folk Music of Singapore)
Traditional Kebaya that is worn in Singapore.
Traditional Jippa worn by males.
The religions of Singapore reflect the culture of the variety of ethnic groups that make up the country. The government supports religious freedom, which is one reason so many different religions are present in Singapore. The many religions and ethnic groups of Singapore result in a diverse culture of people from all over Asia. All ethnic groups have separate traditions and values that make their religion different from the others. These traditions and values are incorporated into everyday life in order to continue the practice the same way our ancestors did.
Singapore Chicken Rice
The government of Singapore reflects the culture of the people that it oversees. As a country that has broken free of the rule of Malaysia, Singaporeans are allowed to vote for their government officials. With one hundred people just in the president’s cabinet and various other positions, this helps create jobs for the people of Singapore. Having government positions filled by Singapore’s own people helps ensure that the government is trustworthy. The government overlooks many important decisions in the country, from crime to new buildings. Singapore’s government will continue to be run by its people and make important decisions for the country.
The global contributions of Singapore reflect the culture of a country that seeks to make improvements for the world. Technological improvements such as the hard drive and the sound card have led to higher quality computers and phones. These inventions by Singaporeans and many more have made modern technology an essential in everyday life. The demand for better technology has impacted the job market by increasing the number of workers needed to create these products. New global contributions of Singapore will continue to be developed and advance the world of technology.
Sound Blaster Sound Card
Trek Thumb Drive
Malay, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, and English are the 4 main languages
Malay was declared the national language in 1959, but later Chinese, Tamil, and English were added
English is the language of administration
Used in science, technology, commerce, and tourism
Singlish is a dialect that combines English with Chinese, Malay, and Tamil
Used casually for informal day to day conversations
Malay is written from left to right
Example sentence: Setiap orang adalah berhak kepada pelajaran.
Translation: Everyone has the right to education.
Mandarin Chinese is written horizontal
Translation: One language is never enough.
Tamil is written from left to right
Example sentence: (puriyavillai)
Translation: I don’t understand.
Most Singaporeans are bilingual, some speak three languages (“Singapore.” Culturegrams)
Families are small, 1-2 children
The government offers financial incentives for couples to have more children
Respect for parents and ancestors is a value children learn at a young age
Children are expected to work after college
Children have to set aside money and purchase insurance for their parents
Common for children to live with parents until marriage
Houses are typically tall apartment buildings
Semi-detached houses, bungalows, and condominiums are other types of housing
Men and women’s roles in the family are less strict today
For some families, the father is the main provider and the mother works in the house
Men and women have equal political, employment, and educational rights
Women are allowed to leave for 4 week maternity leave before birth, and 12 weeks after
Part of maternity leave is paid, depending on the employment of the women
Men are allowed a shorter paternity leave (“Singapore.” Culturegrams)
Crossing the legs at the knee is normal for formal settings
Impolite to point at things with the foot or move objects with the foot
Impolite to touch another’s head
A person beckons by waving all fingers of the right hand with the palm facing down
Finger gestures are rude
Public displays of affection are not common, but being seen more often by young people
“Losing face”,or become less respectable, is the consequence of many inappropriate gestures/manners
Shaming a person in public and causing them to “lose face”, also shames the offending person
Cultural manners of Singapore include shaking hands and gift giving
Most men and women do not shake hands, unless the woman extends her hand first
Other greetings include bowing the head
Gifts must be appropriate, otherwise could offend the person
Gifts are not opened when received (“Singapore.” Culturegrams)
Singapore gestures and manners reflect their culture because they are used to preserve the values of the country
Phone users in Asia-Pacific area
Internet users in Singapore
A chart of Singapore's weather and rainfall in a year
Typical rainy day in Singapore
House in Singapore
Apartment building in Singapore
Buddhists practicing Zen
Taoists in the largest temple for Taoism in Singapore
Chinese New Year in Singapore
Traditional Malay dance in Singapore
Shaking hands in Singapore is customary once you meet someone.
This finger gesture in Singapore would mean death
Esplanade Theaters on the Bay
School building in Singapore
The economics of Singapore reflect the culture of the people who have worked hard to make their country prosper. Singapore is a country that was created for trade. Today, trade is still one of the most important parts of the economy. The country’s key location is beneficial for their major imports and exports from parts of Asia and the United States. Although Singapore was created for trade, the economy has developed other industries such as the large construction business. Both Singapore’s construction and trade industries have played a large role in the economy.
The currency of Singapore reflects the culture of the people who live there. The government controls the amount of bills to meet public demand. The of Singaporean government only prints a part of the money used, but still regulates the remaining bills printed in Australia and Switzerland. Printing money in Singapore must be done by certified workers, which is an important job for the job market. Singapore currency is important because it displays important aspects of the country on the bills and is used in everyday life.
The demographics of Singapore reflect the culture of a country that is prosperous. Singapore’s literacy rate displays the amount of effort the government puts into the importance of education. This immense effort has placed Singapore one of the highest ranking education systems in the world. Singapore also has a high GDP per capita, which is nearly ten thousand more than the United States. Singapore’s flourishing economy and education system have already led to advancements in technology and will continue to make improvements to our ever changing world.
Current issues in Singapore reflect the culture of an increasingly modernized country. With a modern country, comes poverty and urbanization. Expensive housing and other necessities make living in Singapore difficult for some people. The government of Singapore has done little to help these people who are struggling. Urbanization is also a problem with the growing city-state. Demands for a more modern country has become a problem for Singapore’s limited space. Without fixing these current issues, Singapore will run in to various other problems that will concern the well being of its people.
The dress of Singapore people reflects the culture of the modern world and the many ethnic groups that have settled in the country. Those who still wear traditional Singapore dress keep the values and traditions of their ethnicity alive. Although traditional clothing is not uncommon, modern and western clothing is also popular. These newer styles allow artists to show off their creativity. Modern clothes are influenced by western-style clothing, which is similar to clothing in the United States, such as jeans and t-shirts. These increasingly popular clothing sells quickly and makes $4.4 billion for Singapore’s economy. Dress in Singapore is important because it improves the economy and keeps tradition alive at the same time.
The architecture of Singapore reflects the culture of a once traditional country that is becoming more modern every day. Most buildings in Singapore are nontraditional, with new artistic designs. Buildings like the Esplanade Theaters on the Bay are wanted because of their original designs and they attract tourists. The job market for construction of modern business, apartments, and recreational buildings has been increasing and will continue to increase as the demand for a more modern city increases. The construction of these buildings are fueling an advanced economy in Singapore.
300 to 500 grams chicken feet or bones
2 liters water
1 whole chicken
70 milliliters sesame oil
60 milliliters light soy sauce
1 medium cucumber, sliced
1 sprig parsley
4 cups Thai fragrant rice, uncooked
70 milliliters concentrated chicken stock
1/2 teaspoon salt
3 cloves garlic, crushed and peeled
20 grams ginger, bruised
100 grams ginger
20 grams galangal (optional)
1 teaspoon chicken oil
100 grams red peppers
250 grams cabbage, shredded
20 grams shallots, peeled
Spring onion, for garnishing
10 to 15 milliliters dark soy sauce
Simmer the chicken feet or bones for about 2 hours in 2 liters of water. There should be 1 1/2 liters of liquid left after evaporation of water during simmering. Discard chicken feet and bones. Reserve liquid for making soup.
Chicken: Clean whole chicken, reserving some of the fat. In a separate large pot, boil water sufficient to cover whole chicken. Add whole chicken to boiling water. Return to boil and let cook approximately 15 minutes or until chicken is thoroughly cooked, yet tender. Remove the chicken and let it cool. Reserve liquid for rice and soup.
Evenly brush whole chicken with sesame oil and light soy sauce as soon as it is cool enough to handle. Cut chicken into bite-sized pieces. Place chicken pieces in center of large platter with cucumber slices arranged on the side. Garnish with parsley.
Rice: While cooling whole chicken, heat 150 grams chicken fat and some vegetable oil in a wok. Fry rice at medium heat, continuously stirring so that it does not burn. Fry until rice turns a slight golden-yellow color. Add 60 milliliters concentrated chicken stock, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and some of the liquid used to boil whole chicken. The liquid should cover the rice by about 1/2 inch. Add 1 clove garlic and bruised ginger. Cook the rice and then set aside.
Condiments: Grind ginger and galangal together. Add 5 to 10 milliliters of concentrated chicken stock and 1 teaspoon chicken oil. Set aside mixture. Grind red peppers with 2 cloves garlic. Set aside mixture.
Soup: Use balance of chicken stock from boiling chicken feet and the water that was used to boil the chicken. Add shredded cabbage and peeled shallots. Salt to taste. Simmer for 15 minutes. Garnish with spring onion and serve with dark soy sauce in dipping bowl.
5 to 7 servings
The condiments should be used as a dip for the chicken. ("Singapore." CultureGrams)
The history of Singapore reflects the culture of those who believed the country was a valid investment. Singapore was developed for trade, and with this industry increasing there was a need for a government. The government of Singapore made it possible for many different ethnic groups to settle in the country. These new people kept their traditions and values from their former country alive. Eventually Singapore’s multitude of ethnicities created a culture unlike no other with so various traditions. These ethnicities and their traditions have made Singapore strive as a country.
The climate of Singapore is much more extreme than in any part of the United States. The people of Singapore are not affected as they are used to 70%-90% humidity with temperatures around 88 degrees Fahrenheit. Singapore’s hot and humid weather is a result of being located so close to the equator. Bad weather in Singapore consists of at worst severe thunderstorms. With little bad weather to harm the city, modern buildings can be built taller and have more sophisticated designs. New technology keeps tall buildings standing even when severe thunderstorms attack. Singapore’s climate has little impact on its people, other than sweating from the heat.
The geography of Singapore has influenced the culture of a modern country. Singapore is located in Southeast Asia near the equator. Their location close to the equator results in very hot and humid weather, which is very uncomfortable for Singaporeans to live in. There are little hills or high areas of land in Singapore, which allows for many tall buildings to be built. These buildings are able to have the newest technology. The geography of Singapore allows for Singapore to have room to become more modern.
Family life is a very important part of Singapore culture. It is important for older family members to be treated well, because they have the most wisdom from living a longer life. Since families traditionally used to live with the grandparents, the men would work and the women would run the house. Today, families are nuclear and men and women have equal opportunities to work. Singapore has changed its family life from traditional to nontraditional in order to be suitable for a modern country.
The languages of Singapore are important for communication. Singapore has four main languages, which are Mandarin Chinese, Malay, English, and Tamil. Singapore’s four main languages are a result of a country that is made up almost completely of other ethnic groups in Asia. With so many different native languages, it was important that main languages were established. These languages are used to communicate in business and everyday life. Another language that was created from a mixture of the four main languages and English, called Singlish, is used for common conversations in the community. The languages of Singapore are important for communicating between neighbors and business men.
Gestures and manners in Singapore are used to show emotions and share values. Simple finger gestures are used to express one’s feelings. Often times these simple gestures can offend someone and cause them to “lose face”. Manners are traditionally a way to show your values. In Singapore, crossing your legs to show respect for the other people you are with is customary. Singapore’s gestures and manners are an easy way for a person to express their feelings and connect to traditional manners of ancestors.
Traditions and holidays in Singapore are important for religions and everyday life. Religious holidays for Buddhists, Taoists, Christians, Muslims, and Hindus are all celebrated in order to keep all religions equally important in Singapore society. Most religious holidays are celebrated for multiple days, which shows the importance of religion in Singapore. Traditional holidays in Singapore are the same as they were at the beginning of the country’s existence. These holidays express the same values and traditions of people all across the globe. Traditions and holidays are an important part of everyday life in Singapore as well as traditional life of ancestors.