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Transcript of Federalism
The power to collect taxes
The power to coin money
The power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce
The power to maintain armed forces
The power to declare war
The power to fix weights and measures Other powers are given to the President in Article II
The power to make pardons
The power to sign treaties
Article III gives several powers to the Supreme Court The "Necessary and Proper Clause" or the "Elastic Clause" (Article I, Section 8) says that Congress has the power to make all laws that are needed to carry out any of the powers expressed in the Constitution. Inherent Powers Inherent powers belong to the National government because it is a government of a sovereign state within the world community. Examples :
Grant Diplomatic Recognition to other states Powers Denied to the National Government The Constitution also denies powers to the National government such as:
Levy duties on exports
And many from prohibitions listed in the Bill of Rights -
Congress cannot prohibit exercise of free speech, religion, press, assembly, conduct illegal searches or seizures, denial of trial by jury. Other denied powers include ANY power that is not delegated to it by the Constitution - expressly, implicitly, or inherently. Examples:
Set up courts and local governments
Establish an education system
Regulate land use
ETC!! Concurrent powers are powers that both the National and State governments may use. Concurrent Powers include:
Power to tax
Eminent Domain -Condemn (take) private property for public use Powers delegated to the National government by the Constitution are exclusive to the National government. Powers Denied to the States Supremacy Clause: The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land. It supersedes State law and local laws. (Article VI, Section 2) Not allowed to tax the National government.
Not allowed to infringe on Rights listed in the Bill of Rights Powers that are exclusive to the National government:
Regulate interstate commerce
Make treaties with foreign states
Maintain a standing military Both the National and State governments may be exercised exclusively and simultaneously. These powers make it possible for a Federal government to function. Arizona Immigration Law - SB 1070 http://cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/bestoftv/2012/06/25/sot-scotus-immigration-bolduan.cnn.html States are NOT allowed to: