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The Roaring '20s Mind Map
Transcript of The Roaring '20s Mind Map
By: Yuling, Tang
Everyone wanted to have a radio, and owning one was a status symbol. Radio programming included music, news, lectures and concerts. Canada’s most powerful station was the Canadian National Railway’s CNRO.
Films such as Cameron of the Royal Mounted and The Man from Glengarry were popular in the 1920s, these two made by Ernest shipman, a movie producer born in Hull, Quebec. Many Canadian stories were made into films by American companies.
In 1920s, shorter working hours gave many people more time for recreation. Many Canadian went on holiday.
In 1920s, bathing suits became more revealing first appearance such “revealing” suits were 1921. It was women first featured in skin-tight suits with exposed knees. Women in twenties were eager to test their beauty against other women and men were eager to watch and judge.
Flappers Hit the Scene
The heroines of the Jazz Age were flappers. Flappers were fashionable young women who were often thought of as a little cocky.
Most important difference was the offside rule
The first talkies were made in 1927. Comedy was the most popular type of silent film.
Was Canada’s best and most popular male athlete
Black Baseball players
By the end of the decade, it reached almost 3,000 tones of newsprint. By the mid-decade, Canada was the world largest supplier of newsprint. Quebec produced half, Ontario 1/3
The 1920s has been called the Golden Age of American Sports. It also has been called the Age of the Spectator. The United States had a strong economy for most of that decade.
Baseball was the “national pastime” in the 1920s. More people went to baseball games, more people followed baseball, and more people played baseball for fun than any other sport.
Changing Times in Canada
By 1924, the economy began improve. Canada was rich in natural resources
At the beginning of decade, about 17% of all women over the age of 15 earned a wage. Very few allowed in the jobs like doctor, dentists, and lawyers and so on.
Inflation Hits Canada Hard
The first half of the decade was a period of economic depression. Many people were unemployed. Inflation quickly ate though people’s lifesaving as price rose higher and higher.
The fashion explosion
In the 1920s, people’s hair and skin colouring was matched to clothing
A advertising told women that beauty was more important than brains. The popularity of shorter hair style, especially bobbed hair, created a demand for training hair dressers, and beauty parlours sprung up everywhere
Short Hair Revolution
Women cut their hair into short “boyish bobs” or “shingles”
In 1920s, the “boyish look” was all the rage
The latest look in clothing for men was the tuxedo
Labour issues and the Winnipeg General Strike
Relationship between Canadian workers & employers becoming explosive
Unions had grown stronger during the war
Winnipeg Trades & Labour Union wanted better wages, working conditions, and recongnition of their collective bargaining right
Bloody Saturday - June 21, 1929; violence erupted
Women also can be work in 1920s.
Prohibition and Rum Running
1915 - 1917 all provinces except Quebec had prohibition - as part of our war effort. Prohibition ended in most provinces by the early 1920’s
In the US - prohibition - 1920-1933
Prohibition reduced alcohol by 80%
Illegal distilling, sales & consumption of alcohol tool off!
Created tension between Canada and the US as prohibition laws are hard to enforce
During the 1920s, most provinces withdrew the laws in favour of government operated liquor stores.
Music, Art and Culture
By the mid-1920s, automobiles were no longer a rich man’s toy.
The automobile allowed farmers to come to town to shop and shell their good.
It enabled friends and relatives to visit each other on a regular basis, made it possible for wealthier Canadians to live a considerable distance away from their work place.
created noise and pollution in larger cities.
we have motor accidents, traffic jams, and pedestrians getting run over.
could not operate during winter as the cold weather froze the fluids in the engine.
Canada was the world's second-largest producer of cars, after the United States.
Canadians registered an impressive 1.9 million cars by the end of the decade.
Group of Seven
The Group of Seven, who first exhibited together in 1920, were trying to capture the essence of the Canadian spirit through their abstracted landscapes, mostly of the Canadian shield area of northern Ontario.
They wanted to move away from copying European styles and subjects and express a distinctly Canadian vision.
Their names were Lawren Harris, Arthur Lismer, Franz Johnston, J.E.H. MacDonald, Frank Carmichael, A.Y. Jackson and F.H. Varley.
A Canada's best-known female painter lived an unconventional and solitary life on Vancouver Island.
Along with Tom Thomson, the Group of Seven, and David Milne, Emily Carr was one of the preeminent, and perhaps most original, Canadian painters of the first half of the twentieth century
She was also one of the only major female artists in either North America or Europe of that period.
Emily Carr, 1931, oil on canvas. Carr's painting was deeply influenced by the art of the Northwest Coast First Nations (courtesy Vancouver Art Gallery).
By 1929, women made up 20 per cent of the workforce, but most worked in traditional female jobs as domestic servant, secretaries, sales clerks, or factory workers.
The majority of these women were single, since employers expected women to give up their jobs when they married.
Since these "female" jobs were considered less valuable than the work men did, wages were low.
Women who did the same jobs as men were also paid less.
On average, women earned between 54 to 60 percent of what men eared.
The Family, women and children
Father was still the head of the household.
The father drove the family car, and organized the increasing number of family vacations.
Father discipline the children, although task was becoming increasing more difficult.
The strict moral codes of the Victorian era were being replaced by a greater freedom for the young.
The most dramatic change was in the role of the mother.
It was an easier task in the 1920s to organize the home because the cluttered Victorian style at the trun of the century had given way to simpler and more compact designs
1919 Peace Conference
Canada had led the democracies of both the American continents. The same indomitable spirit which made her capable of that effort and sacrifice made her equally incapable of accepting at the Peace Conference, in the League of Nations, or elsewhere, a status inferior to that accorded to nations less advanced in their development.
The War between Britain and Turkey. The British Government sent a cable to Ottawa requesting that Canadian troops be sent to area to help in the defence.
1926 Imperial Conference
The Imperial Conference of 1926 passed the Balfour Report which recognized all the Dominions of Britain's former empire as self-governing equal members of a new association called the British Commonwealth of Nations.
1923 Halibut Treaty
The Halibut Treaty was a 1923 Canadian–American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific Ocean.
The first treaty signed without the approval of the british was the Halibut treaty.