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Shakespeare's 3 genres

A presentation defining the history of genres in theater with a specific focus on Shakespeare's 3 genres, comedies, tragedies, and histories.

Sarah Wojciechowski-Prill

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Shakespeare's 3 genres

Genres History of
Genre in Theater What is a Genre? For
Example? Lionsgate Academy Common Characteristics of Shakespeare's Genres Wide variety of characters- kings, clowns, merchants (all classes)
Many of the plays have tragic, comedic and historical elements, regardless of their genre designation
All are written in a poetic form called 'blank verse' and composed in iambic pentamiter
All consist of five acts A genre is a category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterize by a particular style, form, or content. What movie genres can you think of? Ancient Greek Theater By: Ms. Sarah W-Prill Aristotle on Comedies Comedy should depict the 'ridiculous.' Fast-Forward
1,900 years or so... William
Shakespeare What are your favorite movie genres? Tragedy Rules, Comedy Drools! Aristotle says... "Tragedy, then, is an imitation of a noble and complete action, having the proper magnitude..."

"It is presented in a dramatic, not narrative form and achieves, through the representation of pitiable and fearful incidents, the catharsis of such incidents."

-Aristotle, "Aristotle's Poetics" Aristotle gave comedies much less attention. He said that Catharsis? Is a term that describes the 'emotional cleansing' rsometimes shown in a play as occuring for one or more of the characters, as well as the same phenomenon as (an intended) part of the audience's experience.

(We cry when our hero dies in a tragedey, and this clenses our souls.) Tragedey is... The 'ridiculous' is an error that isn't painful or destructive. Lived from 1563 (0r 1564)
Died in 1616 (age 52). First Folio Published 1623
By John Heminges and Henry Condell, Shakespeare's colleagues.
Works by other well-known playwrigts of the time were organized chronologically. Comedies, Tragedies
and Histories Comedy and Tragedy had been genre distinctions since the Ancient Greeks.
Histories were a well-established genre by late 1800's. Shakespeare's Comedies Qualities Include: Romance
Complex plots
Mistaken identity
Use of puns
Stock characters
Happy endings Shakespeare's
Tragdies: Admirable protagonist of noble birth, with a fatal flaw
Addresses 'fate.'
Audience feels pity and fear at some point
Always ends with one or more deaths Qualities Include: Shakespeare's Histories Qualities Include: Based on the lives of the English Kings
England is the 'hero'
Consider Tutor propaganda Romances? Qualities Include: Some scholars argue that there should be a fourth genre, romance. Reuniting seperated family members
Fantastical or magical elements
Locations are a mix between 'civilized' (city) and 'pastoral' (country)
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