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Paragraph Development

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by

Claire Edwards

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Paragraph Development

TRIAC is an acronym that represents the five basic elements, or types of sentences, that are contained in a complete fully-developed paragraph "T" stands for "Topic" "R" stands for "Restriction" "I" stands for "Illustration" "C" stands for "Conclusion" A topic sentence states the main point that you are trying to make in the paragraph.

A topic sentence is usually found at the beginning of the paragraph so that your reader can quickly and easily identify your main point.

For you as the writer, your topic sentence should guide your writing; it should determine what should and should not be included in the rest of the paragraph you are writing. A restriction sentence is a more specific version of your topic sentence.

Once you've written your topic sentence, you write a restriction sentence to clarify the meaning of your topic sentence or to specify what you're going to talk about for the rest of the paragraph.

Restriction sentences help your reader to understand what aspect of the topic you'll detail in your paragraph. Illustration sentences are arguably the most important aspect of an body paragraph.

Illustration is another word for "details, examples, explanations," etc.

A majority of a strong body paragraph will generally be devoted to illustration. Concluding sentences exist to "wrap up" the paragraph.

Concluding sentences often restate the topic sentence or further clarify the point conveyed throughout the paragraph.

Concluding sentences also often transition to the next paragraph by providing a hint at what topic is to come next. "A" stands for "Analysis"

An analysis sentence, or sentences, explains the Illustrations provided.

An analysis sentence will also explain how the Illustration(s) actually supports the claim made in the topic sentence. Example TRIAC Paragraph I believe that the American government needs to uphold the 2nd Amendment (Topic Sentence- this sets up the basic topic [gun control] and the basic stance [antigun control]). While some believe that our nation's hunting tradition is of paramount importance, in actuality it is our protection that is at stake in the face of stricter gun laws (Restatement Sentence- this restricts the clarifies the basic stance of the Topic Sentence [pro-guns for the sake of protection, not hunting]). As everyone knows, America experienced a profound tragedy last month at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Innocent unarmed children and educators were killed by an armed and crazed gunman. (Illustration Sentences- provides the example of the Sandy Hook tragedy- notice it does not yet explain or analyze this example; it just brings forward the evidence) If at least the children or the educators had had access to protection- protection that was equal in strength to the weapons with which they were attacked- this incident would have surely turned out vastly differently (Analysis Sentence- this explains how you as the reader are to interpret the example previously provided. Note that the example provided in the Illustration Sentences could have been used to support a strong anti-gun argument as well [If the crazed gunman hadn't had access to those guns this never would have happened in the first place; therefore, we should ban all guns]. Explaining your analysis and viewpoint of the evidence you provide is essential to a clear paragraph). People- innocent people- need to be able to defend themselves and the only realistic way to do that is through access to guns (Conclusion Sentence- this brings us back to the main stance [guns are important for protection], but it also provides a sort of "call to action" by telling us specifically what needs to be done [we need to have access to guns]. This may also foreshadow what is to come in the next paragraph [a look at how we could provide all citizens with access to guns].
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