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Transcript of Collocations
What is a collocation?
"The habitual juxtaposition of a particular word with another word or words with a frequency greater than chance" (OED)
e.g. strong tea
Importance of learn collocations
Difference between collocation and phrasal verbs
"It is an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb or a preposition or a combination
of both" (OED)
break down see to
look down on
The reasons why students make mistakes
Questions and comments
It makes easy to improve the pronunciation.
Further development of thought processing.
Enrichment of vocabulary and expressions.
Collocations about "travel", "trip" and "tour"
Covered with/ in
Constipated vs constipado
Common collocation mistakes
Verb + noun
e.g. make friends
Adjective + noun
e.g. chilly night
adverb + adjective
e.g. richly decorated
noun + noun
e.g. nerves of steel
verb + adverb
e.g. listen carefully
verb + prepositional phrase
e.g. take into account
make a journey, typically of some length (e.g. he had travelled from Lybia to Ireland).
a journey or excursion, especially for pleasure, often of short time (e.g. Sammy’s gone on a school trip).
a journey for pleasure in which several different places are visited (e.g. a motoring tour of Scotland).
Noun + noun
type is the commonest form for “travel” collocations .
The less common types are
verb + noun
Travel agent, air travel, travel costs...
are the more frequent collocations related to travel.
is the mean where collocations with this words appear habitually.
"Travel" appears more in
"Trip" has usually the
The types of collocations that are not common are:
verb+adv, verb+prepositional phrase
Words that are normally with "trip" are:
round (round trip), boat (boat trip)...
Is usual to find them also in
making reference to personal letters and adverts.
It is commoner in
is the prevailing form in this collocation.
The pattern of the less common collocations is repeated (
Words that are more usual with “tour” collocations are:
European tour, England tour, guided tour…
"Tour" collocations appear most in
They are found normally in
The previous analysis has shown us some similarities between travel, trip, journey and tour:
adj+noun are t
he prevailing kind.
They usually share the same prepositions and collocations.
are the commonest means.
register commonly appear these collocations.
Furthermore my aim was also show you collocations from another point of view and demonstrate how useful they are.
Feel free to ask doubts or add information or comments.
Interlingual or intra lingual transfer.
Shortage of their collocation knowledge.
Over-generalization of some structures.
Confusion of verbs:
To see and to watch
To say and to tell
To listen and to hear
Marian Conca Vidal
Definition of collocation.
Difference between collocation and phrasal verb.
Importance of collocations.
2. Analysis of travel, trip and tour.
3. Common collocation mistakes.
5. Questions and comments.