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Collocations

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by

MCV

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of Collocations

Types of collocations
What is a collocation?
"The habitual juxtaposition of a particular word with another word or words with a frequency greater than chance" (OED)

e.g. strong tea
heavy rain

References
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/
http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/h
ttp://www.lextutor.ca/
http://k250.wordpress.com/
http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/4558
http://kentlee7.com/writ/collocation.errors.typical.pdf
http://www.onestopenglish.com/grammar/pdf-content/vocabulary-british-english/british-english-collocations-worksheet/149826.article


Importance of learn collocations
Difference between collocation and phrasal verbs
"It is an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb or a preposition or a combination

of both" (OED)
e.g.
break down see to
look down on



The reasons why students make mistakes
Questions and comments
It makes easy to improve the pronunciation.
Further development of thought processing.
Enrichment of vocabulary and expressions.
Be native-like.
Collocations about "travel", "trip" and "tour"
Verb+ preposition:
Accused of
for

Covered with/ in
by

False friends:

Constipated vs constipado

Common collocation mistakes
Verb + noun
e.g. make friends
Adjective + noun
e.g. chilly night
adverb + adjective
e.g. richly decorated
noun + noun
e.g. nerves of steel
verb + adverb
e.g. listen carefully
verb + prepositional phrase
e.g. take into account
Definitions (OED)
Travel:
make a journey, typically of some length (e.g. he had travelled from Lybia to Ireland).
Trip:
a journey or excursion, especially for pleasure, often of short time (e.g. Sammy’s gone on a school trip).
Tour:
a journey for pleasure in which several different places are visited (e.g. a motoring tour of Scotland).
Travel
Trip
Tour
Noun + noun
type is the commonest form for “travel” collocations .
The less common types are
verb + noun
.
Travel agent, air travel, travel costs...
are the more frequent collocations related to travel.
Newspaper
is the mean where collocations with this words appear habitually.
"Travel" appears more in
newspapers
genre.
"Trip" has usually the
noun+noun
and
adj+noun
collocation structure.
The types of collocations that are not common are:
verb+adv, verb+prepositional phrase
.
Words that are normally with "trip" are:
round (round trip), boat (boat trip)...
Is usual to find them also in
newspapers
and
magazines
making reference to personal letters and adverts.
It is commoner in
non-academic
texts.
Adj+noun
is the prevailing form in this collocation.
The pattern of the less common collocations is repeated (
verb+adv
and
verb+prepositional phrase
).
Words that are more usual with “tour” collocations are:
European tour, England tour, guided tour…
"Tour" collocations appear most in
magazines
writings.
They are found normally in
non-academic
context
Conclusion

The previous analysis has shown us some similarities between travel, trip, journey and tour:

noun+noun
and
adj+noun are t
he prevailing kind.
They usually share the same prepositions and collocations.
Newspapers
and
magazines
are the commonest means.
In
non-academic
register commonly appear these collocations.
Furthermore my aim was also show you collocations from another point of view and demonstrate how useful they are.
Feel free to ask doubts or add information or comments.
Interlingual or intra lingual transfer.
Literal translation.
Shortage of their collocation knowledge.
Over-generalization of some structures.


Confusion of verbs:
To see and to watch
To say and to tell
To listen and to hear
Code switchers:

THANK YOU!
Marian Conca Vidal

Collocations
1. Introduction:
Definition of collocation.
Difference between collocation and phrasal verb.
Importance of collocations.
Types.
2. Analysis of travel, trip and tour.
3. Common collocation mistakes.
4. Conclusion.
5. Questions and comments.
Full transcript