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on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Mesopotamia

Alphabet & Symbols
Mesopotamia and Iraq
Our ancient civilization Mesopotamia!

Facts (in your own words):
Cuneiform is a type of writing used in ancient Mesopotamian and Persian.
Mesopotamian and Persian developed the cuneiform during 3500-3000 B.C.E.
Wedge-shaped style of writing.
Mesopotamian writes/draw on clay.
Great famous stories are written in cuneiform.
Cuneiform symbols that were common across Mesopotamia was Phoenician.

Historical Information &
The writing was based on pictograms, used to communicate basic information about crops and taxes.
Years later, the people thought of changing their signs and developed it into scrip which we call cuneiform.
Most people couldn’t read and write so they were trained to be writers, called scribes.
People living in Mesopotamia developed the first cuneiform system.
Sources (website + summary):

List of God & Goddesses
Facts (in your own words):
Enlil - god of the wind , head of the Assyrian pantheon
Enki or Ea - god of the Abzu, crafts, water, intelligence, mischief and creation and divine ruler of the Earth and its human inhabitants
Inanna or Ishtar - goddess of fertility, love, and war
Sin or Nanna - god of the moon

List of God & Goddess contin..
Sources (website + summary):
Style of the religion Practiced by the people
Higher and bigger, stepp towers were called ziggurats. People today don’t understand what Ziggurats were built for but since its a part of temple complexes, they could be connected with religion. Sumerians builds these Ziggurats for worship to the god & goddess.
They keep record for government and they record their knowledge on medicine, mathematics, and astronomy.
Scribes also record events, trades, and literature on clay tablets.
Sadly, only people throughout the Near East were able to write cuneiform. As time processed, the cuneiform evolved.
Historical Cultural & Information
A Greek word for Mesopotamia is between the river.
The river from Mesopotamia is Tigris and Euphrates which flow through modern Iraq Mesopotamia is made up of different regions. Each with its own geography.
Impact of the Religion on people & Civilization
Facts (in your own words):
Impacts of religion on Mesopotamian are they had to follow beliefs, rituals, and standards of conducts.
-Spirit World
Sources (website + summary):
Rise & The Fall of the Religion
Practiced their religion
Religion will always remain

Artistic Expression
When nebuchadnezzar was in power of Babylon the armies were unstoppable
Has leader he invaded more than 5 cities
The city he led was formed like a square with 14 miles on each side
This city was well protected it had two walls one in which was 25’ thick and three hundred feet tall and the other was 450 feet tall
Nebuchadnezzar had built the hanging garden just for his wife.

Climate Region
Artistic Expression Contin..
Written Expression
Impact of climate
Ancient Mesopotamia is present day Iraq and eastern Syria
It was between two rivers
It was home of two major empires

How living
Were live.



Activities of Recreation
One sport played was wrestling
Another one is boxing
Those were the main two sports played there

Fashion & Clothing
Facts (in your own words):
It was all mainly cotton
Not sure of colors
Like long robs

Food & Diet

Ate bread fruit onions fish lamb honey milk
Made beer with oldest recipe

In our slides, we've include Writing, Climate, Geography, Religion, Government, Economy, and Culture.
Created by: Noah Hunley, Mu Paw, Nery Monterroso, and Mattie Wilson
Monarchy Democracy
Anu: BB, god of heaven
Anunnaki: BB, god of earth
Marduk: BB, God of magic
Enlil: Sumerian, god of air
sargon: the great know for conquest
Hammurabi: First king of babylonian following his father


Hammurabi code
#13 If a man does not have his witnesses with him on the day of trial, the judge shall set him a fixed time not exceeding( very well) six months, within six months he still does not have them then the man has lied; he shall bear the penalty of the suit.
#14 If a man has stolen a child, he shall be put to death.
#15 If a man has included either a male or a female slave from the house of a patrician(an aristocrat or nobleman), or plebeian (working class of rome), to leave the city, he shall be put to death.
There were 282 laws in hammurabi’s code

Military Conquest
Hammurabi created a harsh system of laws
Babylonian language used across middle east as communication across the boarders because of the military conquest.

trade and commerce developed in Mesopotamia because the farmers learned how to irrigate their land.
they could now grow more food than they could eat.
temples were there chief employer and location for commercial activity.


Mesopotamia arts, and cuneiform are still view today! They are scattered around Museums and around the world! There histories are in history books and texts. An Ancient civilization that will forever remain!
Temp. 48
Freezing January
rainfall December-April
climate change major challenges
runoff from snow melt
Full transcript