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Jesus in the Old testament
Transcript of Jesus in the Old testament
God in Eternal Glory
Jesus in the Old Testament
The bible is all intertwined, it's all inspired and breathed by God. The trinity is constantly raising up one another, because of this relationship the whole of the bible points to each of the parts of the trinity.
How can we see Christ?
Christ wasn't created when he was born he has always existed and has, on occasion appeared in the old testament.
He appeared in the burning bush to Moses.
He wrestled with Jacob.
There is a lot of debate around Christophanies and what counts as they are often vague about it in the bible but since the Bible says that no one has seen, or can see the Father Himself, (Ex 33; John 1:18; 1 Tim 1:17), we can argue that all visible appearances of God are Jesus in either human or angelic form.
There are a lot of Characters in the OT who shadow Christ.
King David etc.
Lets look at King David:
He was the the king of Israel, a man after God's own heart, a great worshiper who knew the importance of sacrifice in worship.
When Christ talks about himself in the New Testament he uses images from the OT, something that the Jews he was often talking to would have known really well.
There are hundreds of prophesy's and promises made about Jesus in the OT which he fulfilled in his life and a few which will be fulfilled when he returns again.
No broken bones.
Enter Jerusalem on a donkey.
to have his hands and feet pierced.
Enoch-taken by God without Dieing.
Noah's Ark-His righteousness saved his family / world
(it also points to the final judgment).
Redemption-God is constantly working to save his creation and finally does with Christ's victory.
He sent redemption to his people; he has commanded his covenant forever. Holy and awesome is his name! (Psalm 111:9)
He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. (Colossians 1:13-14)
1.an act of redeeming or the state of being redeemed.
3.deliverance from sin; salvation.
4.atonement for guilt.
5.repurchase, as of something sold.
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets;
I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.
(Matthew 5:17-20 ESV)
once for all
into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God. (Hebrews 9:12-14)
The law was Gods way of allowing us to have a relationship with him. It gave guidelines for sacrifices to remove sin, and a general way for his people to live. God being perfect can't stand sin, and the penalty for sin is death so the law was God's way of keeping his people close and keeping them alive. The laws where often a direct response to things other people where doing, to keep his people pure. So some may seem odd but where put in place to show that his people where different and couldn't live like the gentiles.
Jesus came to fulfill the law, to give us a chance to be called children of God to be saved by his blood.
The cross is the crux, everything looks towards it is affected by it and through it.
But far be it from me to boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.
For neither circumcision counts for anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.
(Galatians 6:14-15 ESV)
The cross reconciled everything to God, he becomes our father and it removes our sin.
The cross fills Gods promise, Christ comes as King, Priest, Warrior and servant!
The whole of creation is corrupted by sin, the ground produces thorns and thistles, the very thing that was used to crown Jesus. It is finished victory has been won but we are still taking hold of that victory and working to see redemption over all of life.
-The term "it is finished" was used at the bottom of legal documents at the time of Christ's crucifixion as a way of saying this is unalterable.
Fulfilling the Law
The Laws in the book of Leviticus tend to be about sacrifices and how the sacrifices are used to enable worship and as an act of worship to God. The sacrifices covered past sins where as the sacrifice of Jesus covers all sin past present and future, thus the laws are fulfilled and there is no need for animal sacrifices. However God being God is most worthy of praise so we now have to worship in other ways; "I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect." (Romans 12:1-2). We are designed to worship and serve God so now we offer ourselves and follow Jesus' example so our lives are pleasing acts of worship to God.
Look and ask: Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures (Luke 24:45 ESV)
Make notes, read them.
Use a study bible/ internet (ESV study bible)
Read around the text don't take single verses.
Read the whole Bible it all links together.
What does this do for God?
Christ is hidden for us to find (Easter eggs) so we can enjoy finding him.
Everything is written for us there is nothing irrelevant, God has only ever had one plan, this one. God want's to reveal more of it to us
Jesus is everywhere in the bible we just have to look, and ask to see.
God's plan is huge far greater than all we can imagine, but he want's to reveal it to us.
Jesus (without sin)
(the blood is what purifies)
This is just a quick look at how the sacrifices echo Jesus' sacrifice.
underscore prayers of petition or praise (ch. 1).
provide a pleasing aroma; tied into the offering it accompanies (ch. 2).
fellowship with the Lord by having a communion meal (ch.3).
atonement for a committed sin; metaphor of purification (4:1–5:13).
atonement for a committed sin; metaphor of compensation for wrongdoing (5:14–6:7).
There are 5 main types of offering in Leviticus.
The law was God's way of showing grace and leniency on his people, he was entitled to just destroy them.
The LORD called Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When any one of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of livestock from the herd or from the flock.
“If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. Then he shall kill the bull before the LORD, and Aaron's sons the priests shall bring the blood and throw the blood against the sides of the altar that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting. Then he shall flay the burnt offering and cut it into pieces, and the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. And Aaron's sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, the head, and the fat, on the wood that is on the fire on the altar; but its entrails and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar, as a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
“If his gift for a burnt offering is from the flock, from the sheep or goats, he shall bring a male without blemish, and he shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the LORD, and Aaron's sons the priests shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. And he shall cut it into pieces, with its head and its fat, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood that is on the fire on the altar, but the entrails and the legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer all of it and burn it on the altar; it is a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD. (Leviticus 1 ESV)