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IMPACT presentation 2014

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Kaitlin DeFoor

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of IMPACT presentation 2014

IMPACT
Infant Mortality Public Awareness Campaign for Tennessee
Girls Inc. of Chattanooga
History
Mission
Programs
IMPACT
?
?
Infant Mortality Public Awareness Campaign for Tennessee
Who?
What?
When?
Why?
Funded by BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Health Foundation
What Is INFANT MORTALITY?
- the number of babies who die before their first birthday
Not Including:
MISCARRIAGES
ABORTIONS
STILLBORN BABIES
THE BABY HAS TO BE BORN ALIVE!
Public Service Announcement!
Why do babies die?
The top cause of infant death is smoking while pregnant & S.I.D.S.
Preterm birth is also the leading cause of long term neurological disabilities in children.
Preterm birth is the birth of a baby less than 37 weeks.
S.I.D.S.(Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) usually occurs while the baby is asleep.
Additional Causes of S.I.D.S: preterm birth, low birth weight, use of drugs while pregnant or around the baby etc.
EFFECTS OF SMOKING !
Teen moms are 45% more likely to experience infant death than adult mothers
32% of teen moms receive late or no prenatal care
Teen moms more likely to smoke during pregnancy
Early pregnancy causes failure in school studies and increases the rates of high school dropouts.
Teen dropouts suffer through economic challenges and struggles during and after pregnancy.
A teen without a job, support from family and/or partner, a lack of prenatal care, and an unhealthy way of life will decrease the infant’s chance of survival.
1. Premature Birth
Respiratory Distress Syndrome(RDS)- lack of protein to keep the air sacs in the lunges from collapsing.
Sleep Apnea- when the infant stops breathing for 20 seconds or more; accompanied by slow heart rate.
Intraventricular Hemorrhage(IVA)- Bleeding in the brain

PREG & ED
(Pregnancy & Education)
2. Smoking
Cold; bronchitis and pneumonia
Causes:
Poisons in cigarettes such as nicotine and carbon monoxide enter the placenta and blocks all the oxygen, nutrients, and eliminates wastes.

3. Alcohol
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Symptoms:
Small Head
Short Height
Low Body Weight
Poor Coordination
Hyperactivity
Difficulty Paying Attention
Poor Memory
BABY BUDGET
*Costs for One Month*
Diseased Infant

Healthy Infant

R A C I A L
DISPARITY
Racial Disparity
Life Course Initiative/The Weathering Effect
Exposure to violence
Stress
Mental Health
Neighborhood
Behaviors
Lack of education
Lack of insurance
SMOKING
IS The
N U M B E R ONE
Cause Of Infant Mortality In
T E N N E S S E E
Babies of mothers who do not get prenatal care are three times more likely to have a low birth weight and five times more likely to die than those born to mothers who do get care
Some more facts…

P.S.A. ! P.S.A. ! P.S.A. !
What Did You Eat Today?
How Many People Is A Pregnant Woman Eating For?
Life Course Perspective


A woman’s health over her entire life is what impacts her ability to have a healthy baby.

Factors:
Family support
Access to healthcare
Access to education
Access to healthy foods


Smoking / Tobacco Use
Alcohol / drug use
Stress
Obesity
Exposure to violence
Socioeconomic status

Infant Mortality Factors
*adapted from BabyCenter.com, "How Plans Can Improve Outcome and Cut Costs for Preterm Infant Care" Dr. Kornhauser and Schneiderman, and "Special Care Nursery Advisory" March of Dimes
What Can You Do?
- Plan ahead
- Make smart choices and set goals.
- Encourage your friends to do the same.
- Join IMPACT!!!

Problems Caused By Improper Prenatal Care
1 Child Trends Databank, 2010
2 March of Dimes 2012 Teenage Pregnancy Report

African Americans have 2.1 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites

Black infants in Hamilton County die at a higher rate than babies in less developed countries like Columbia and Romania
The State of the Region, Ochs Center, 2013
Pre Natal Care Fact Sheet, Women's Health.gov
"What Causes SIDS?" Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institue of Child Health Development
Photo Credits
http://goo.gl/lvzEQZ
http://goo.gl/fmk7E1
http://goo.gl/UooZa2
http://goo.gl/BtdtMO
?
"how to quit smoking," https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=how.to.quit.smoking
"Mom'ssmoking ups risk of heart defects in babies," http://www.foxnews.com/health/2011/03/04/moms-smoking-ups-risk-heart-defects-baby/
http://www.imagesbuddy.com/img/alcohol/page/13/
"Premature Birth Complications," http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/premature-birth/basics/complications/con-20020050
American Cancer Society, http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/womenandsmoking/women-and-smoking-health-of-others
National Institute of Health, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000911.htm
http://goo.gl/zGnKxd
http://goo.gl/8EysQ8
http://goo.gl/JX0HJ2
IMPACT
Hamilton County, TN had the 2nd highest infant mortality rate in TN (11.2 per 1,000)
Racial Disparity
What age can a female get pregnant?
5 year old Peruvian girl with child
Full transcript