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Lowering the Affective Filter through Error Correction

Rebecca Scarlett Arzac Arriaga
by

Becks arzac

on 7 September 2013

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Transcript of Lowering the Affective Filter through Error Correction

Lowering the Affective Filter through Error Correction
Research Question
Outcome
Appropriate error correction in language teaching is crucial in order to attain low affective filter.
“The affective filter is a metaphor that the theory uses to talk about why language (input) enters or doesn’t enter the head of the learner. The theory would say that learners with ‘high affective filters’ block out the language due to attitudes, emotions, and so on, while those with ‘low affective filters’ do not”
(Van Patten, Benati, 2010).
How does improper error correction raise language learner's affective filters?
FACTORS
Negative

Positive
www.tesoltraining.com/2011/02/07/correcting-errors-in-class/
bathtubber.hubpages.com/hub/ESL-Coaching-Techniques-Error-Correction
www.ontesol.com/blog1/?tag=error-correction-tesol
teflbootcamp.com/tefl-skills/correcting-errors-in-efl/
positive
Smile
Gestures
Hints
Visuals
Model correct structure /pronunciation
Positive eliciting
Private feedback
Echo the error
Reformulate
Pause
Explanation
Mental notes
Results
negative
Roll your eyes
Grimace
Interruption
Overreact
Sarcasm
Laugh
Ignore
Shake head
Intimidation
NEXT!
ERROR
DETECTION
Sources
Conclusion
100% of interviewed professors agreed that the affective filter is "very important since it directly affects the students’ willingness and capability to learn ".
Surveyed students feel most discouraged by
1) error-correction techniques that take place in front of the whole class; and
2) not being corrected at all.
41% feel "dumb, exposed, embarrassed"
31% feel that "teachers and peers are rude"
28% "don't receive help when needed"
Making mistakes is an essential part of the learning process.
As ELTs we are responsible
for creating a safe environment that encourages our students
to take risks with the language.
Let's help them to keep a positive attitude toward English!
Rebecca Scarlett Arzác Arriaga
BA in English Language Teaching
Universidad Estatal de Sonora, Hermosillo
rsarzac@gmail.com
English
Spanish
French
Italian
German
Japanese
Language School
www.facultaddelenguas.com
BA in ELT
BA in FLT
anxiety
self-consciousness
boredom
annoyance
alienation

support
self-confidence
enthusiasm
motivation
trust

-
ERROR CORRECTION TIME!
Scenarios

English language teachers

Spanish speaking students-Sonora

Short speaking activity-Accuracy based

Different levels, ages, personalities

Positive error correction vs. Negative error correction
rsarzac@gmail.com
CORRECTIVE FEEDBACK
Correction in private by teacher or peer proved to be the less discouraging
error
or mistake
learner's background
source
types
Fluency
vs.
Accuracy

over-correcting
will result in stop and start lessons and students will lose confidence
under-correcting
may result in developing bad-habits which take time and energy to correct

When
Who
How
Full transcript