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Lowering the Affective Filter through Error Correction
Transcript of Lowering the Affective Filter through Error Correction
Appropriate error correction in language teaching is crucial in order to attain low affective filter.
“The affective filter is a metaphor that the theory uses to talk about why language (input) enters or doesn’t enter the head of the learner. The theory would say that learners with ‘high affective filters’ block out the language due to attitudes, emotions, and so on, while those with ‘low affective filters’ do not”
(Van Patten, Benati, 2010).
How does improper error correction raise language learner's affective filters?
Model correct structure /pronunciation
Echo the error
Roll your eyes
100% of interviewed professors agreed that the affective filter is "very important since it directly affects the students’ willingness and capability to learn ".
Surveyed students feel most discouraged by
1) error-correction techniques that take place in front of the whole class; and
2) not being corrected at all.
41% feel "dumb, exposed, embarrassed"
31% feel that "teachers and peers are rude"
28% "don't receive help when needed"
Making mistakes is an essential part of the learning process.
As ELTs we are responsible
for creating a safe environment that encourages our students
to take risks with the language.
Let's help them to keep a positive attitude toward English!
Rebecca Scarlett Arzác Arriaga
BA in English Language Teaching
Universidad Estatal de Sonora, Hermosillo
BA in ELT
BA in FLT
ERROR CORRECTION TIME!
English language teachers
Spanish speaking students-Sonora
Short speaking activity-Accuracy based
Different levels, ages, personalities
Positive error correction vs. Negative error correction
Correction in private by teacher or peer proved to be the less discouraging
will result in stop and start lessons and students will lose confidence
may result in developing bad-habits which take time and energy to correct