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Sacrament of Matrimony

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krystal quico

on 30 September 2012

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Transcript of Sacrament of Matrimony

Sacrament
of
Matrimony Contents: DEFINITION 1. Definition
2. Biblical Foundation
3. Material Symbols and Meaning
4. Formula
5. Ministers
6. Qualification of Recipient and Sponsors
7. Effects of the Sacrament
8. The Rite of the Sacrament
9. Parochial Requirements and Procedures
10.Reflection A journey is like marriage. The certain way to be wrong is to think you control it. Material Symbols
and Meaning 1. To sanctify the love of husband and wife
2. To give them grace to bear with each other's weaknesses
3. To enable them to bring up their children in the fear and love of God Effects of the Sacrament The Rite of
the Sacrament Formula Qualifications of Recipient and Sponsors Ministers Parochial Requirements and Procedures “The marriage covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of their whole life, and which of its own very nature is ordered to the well-being of the spouses and to the procreation and upbringing of children, has, between the baptized, been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament.” CODE OF CANON LAW “The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life, is by its nature ordered toward the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring; this covenant between baptized persons has been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament.” CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH Biblical Foundations Gen. 2:18


1 Cor. 7:39

Matt 19:5,6 The Lord God said: “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a suitable partner for him.”

A wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to be married to whomever she wishes, provided that it be in the Lord.

And said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, no human being must separate. Husband and wife for each other (Western tradition; clergy(bishop, priest, or deacon) with proper jurisdiction act as witnesses necessary for validity, not as ministers); officiating priest with proper jurisdiction (Eastern tradition). Ordinary Ministers In Eastern canon law, husband and wife can, in the presence of witnesses, marry without a priest if in danger of death of if it can be reasonably foreseen that no priest with proper jurisdiction can be approached within a month. Extraordinary Ministers Impediments END Reflection There is no Celibacy in Islam. (i) Buying of girl from parents by paying a sum of money.
(ii) Temporary marriages.
(iii) Marriage with two real sisters simultaneously.
(iv) Freeness of giving up and again accepting women. Essentially all Protestant denominations hold marriage to be ordained by God for the union between a man and a woman. They see the primary purposes of this union as intimate companionship, rearing children and mutual support for both husband and wife to fulfill their life callings. The Jehovah's Witnesses view marriage to be a permanent arrangement with the only possible exception being adultery. Marriage is the only situation where any type of sexual interaction is acceptable, and even then certain restrictions apply to acts such as oral and anal sex. Married persons who are known to commit such acts may in fact lose privileges in the congregation as they are supposed to be setting a good example to the congregation. Priest and Deacon
- They assist at the celebration of a marriage receives the consents of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessings of the Church. Qualifications of Recipients and Sponsors -The presence of the Church’s minister (and also of the witnesses) visibly expresses the fact that marriage is an ecclesial reality. Officiant stands at the altar
Groom and best man enter from a side door and stand at the altar
Bridesmaids and ushers walk in pairs (if there are uneven numbers, the odd person can walk alone, or two maids or groomsmen can walk together). The maid or matron of honor walks alone. The ring bearer walks alone, followed by the flower girl, or the children can walk together.
The bride and her father proceed, with the bride on her father's right arm At the altar, the bride stands on the left, the groom on the right, facing the officiant. The best man stands beside the groom, with the ring bearer and ushers to his right. The maid of honor stands beside the bride, with the flower girl and bridesmaids to her left. (If your child attendants are too young to stand quietly throughout the wedding ceremony, it's fine to have them stop at the end of the aisle and sit with a waiting parent.) The wedding rite, or ceremony, usually takes place during Mass, but this is not required for the celebration of the sacrament.  Unlike the other sacraments (except Baptism which can be administered by anyone in case of emergency), the priest is not the one who administers the sacrament to the couple.  He is there to witness it for the Church and to bless it in God's name.  The man and wife are the ones who give the sacrament to each other by the words of the solemn wedding promises. After the homily at Mass, the priest asks the couple if they have come to the wedding freely, without anyone or anything pressuring them to do so.  He then asks if they agree to live their marriage according to God's plan.  If they can truly say "yes", then the ceremony continues. The bride and groom join hands and pronounce the vows to one another.  This is the sign of the sacrament.  As you know, a vow is your solemn promise to do what you say.  To break it would be a mortal sin.  The wedding vows are usually worded like this:  I, (name), take you, (name), to be my wife (husband).  I promise to be true to you in good times and in bad, in sickness and in health.  I will love you and honor you all the days of my life. (Rite of Matrimony) After this, the newlyweds usually give rings to one another.  The priest blesses these rings so that they may be signs of their love and fidelity. The Mass continues as usual until before Holy Communion when the Nuptial (Wedding) Blessing is given.  This is a special blessing which only two Christians may receive.  It asks God to make their life holy, to keep them faithful to one another, to send them the gift of children, and to bring them to Heaven when they die.  At the end of the Mass another blessing is given and the ceremony ends. Through this sacrament God makes the two people one flesh.  This means that they cannot be separated in his eyes, any more than a human body can be separated and still live.  God also gives them all of the graces they will need to be faithful to each other and to be good parents.  He calls them to be witnesses for Jesus and the Christian life among their relatives and friends. The Catholic Church also has requirements before Catholics can be considered validly married in the eyes of the Church.

A valid Catholic marriage results from four elements:
(1) the spouses are free to marry;

(2) they freely exchange their consent;

(3) in consenting to marry, they have the intention to marry for life, to be faithful to one another and be open to children; and

(4) their consent is given in the presence of two witnesses and before a properly authorized Church minister. The Church provides classes several months before marriage to help the participants inform their consent. During or before this time, the would-be spouses are confirmed, if they have not previously received confirmation and it can be done without grave inconvenience (Canon 1065). The Catholic must seek permission from the local bishop to marry a non-Catholic. If the person is a non-Catholic Christian, this permission is called a "permission to enter into a mixed marriage." If the person is a non-Christian, the permission is called a "dispensation from disparity of cult." Those helping to prepare the couple for marriage can assist with the permission process. The Church prefers that marriages between Catholics, or between Catholics and other Christians, be celebrated in the parish church of one of the spouses. Only the local bishop can permit a marriage to be celebrated in another suitable place. In Buddhism, marriage is considered as personal and individual concern, and not as a religious duty. Buddhism does not compel a person to be married. It does not force somebody to remain as a bachelor. It is not laid down anywhere that Buddhists must produce children or regulate the number of children that they produce. Buddhism allows each individual the freedom to decide for himself all the issues pertaining to marriage. In Hindi, the marriages are generally arranged by the parents. Once boy or girl becomes eligible for marriage, their parents look out for a prospective match from their own community or caste. In Hindi Matrimony, the horoscope matching is essential. Contemporary Issues 1. Mix marriages
2. Disparity of the cult Can.1073
- A diriment impediment renders a person incapable of validly contracting a marriage.
Can.1074
- An impediment is said to be public.
Can.1075
- Only the supreme authority in the Church can authentically declare.
Can.1076
- Reprobated
Can.1077
- Forbid a marriage of his own subjects. Diriment Impediments in general Can.1078
- The local Ordinary can dispense his own subjects wherever they are residing, and all who are actually present in his territory.
Can.1079
- When danger of death threatens, the local Ordinary can dispense his own subjects, wherever they are residing, and all who are actually present in his territory, both from the form to be observed in the celebration of marriage.
Can.1080
- Whenever an impediment is discovered after everything has already been prepared for a wedding and the marriage cannot without probable danger of grave harm be postponed until a dispensation is obtained from the competent authority. Can.1078
- The local Ordinary can dispense his own subjects wherever they are residing, and all who are actually present in his territory.
Can.1079
- When danger of death threatens, the local Ordinary can dispense his own subjects, wherever they are residing, and all who are actually present in his territory, both from the form to be observed in the celebration of marriage.
Can.1080
- Whenever an impediment is discovered after everything has already been prepared for a wedding and the marriage cannot without probable danger of grave harm be postponed until a dispensation is obtained from the competent authority. Can.1081
- The parish priest or the priest or deacon mentioned in can. 1079 #2, should inform the local Ordinary immediately of a dispensation granted for the external forum.
Can.1082
- Unless a rescript of the Penitentiary provides otherwise, a dispensation from an occult impediment granted in the internal nonsacramental forum, is to be recorded in the book to be kept in the secret archive of the curia. Not only does the bridal veil show the modesty and purity of the bride and her reverence for God, it reminds us of the Temple veil which was torn in two when Christ died on the cross. The removing of the veil took away the separation between God and man, giving believers access into the very presence of God. The wedding ring is an outward symbol of the couple's inward bond, illustrating with an unending circle the eternal quality of love, it signifies so much more in light of the blood covenant. A ring was used as a seal of authority. The white wedding dress has a two-fold significance. It is a symbol of the wife's purity in heart and life, and in reverence to God. It's also a picture of the righteousness of Christ described in Revelation 19:7-8. Christ clothes his bride, the church, in his own righteousness as a garment of "fine linen, bright and clean." Whether a pair of doves are released at an appropriate moment or just kept in a gilded cage, there is a reason brides choose to include doves as part of the wedding ceremony: doves actually court, mate and stay loyal to one another throughout their lives.
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