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Strategic management

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Harshank Patel

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Strategic management

Sakshi Agrawal
Harshank Patel
Alpesh Gheewala
Preeti Rungta
Sanket Kotadiya What is expected from a Leader and how it applies to Krishna. Leader should decide on a Goal

Krishna had 3 clear cut Goals that he followed and achieved 100% targets.

a) Paritranaya Sadhunaam – Welfare for Saints
b) Vinashaya Dushkritaam – Destroy Evil
c) Dharmasansthapanaay Sambhavaami yuge yuge – To establish and strengthen Religion in every Era. Different Leadership Styles of Lord Krishna Authoritative Style of Leadership

The story is about the fight between Bheema and Jarasandha in the presence of Lord Krishna and Arjuna.

Lord Krishna, who knew the story of Jarasandha’s birth, picks up a stick, breaking it in two halves and throws the two halves far away from each other and in opposite directions.

While Bheema is credited with superhuman strength unmatched by any of his brothers, he is known to be sensitive, short tempered with a huge appetite. Lord Krishna appropriately uses Authoritative Style of Leadership in this instance. Different Leadership Styles of Lord Krishna Core Reasons Lord Krishna
Best Strategic Leader Ever Leader Should have Motivational Skills

When Arjuna reached the battle field he lost his determination to fight.

He saw that among the opponents were many of his relatives, young and old and that he was going to kill them for the sake of Kingdom.

He resisted from fighting and dropped arms.

Krishna motivated him by his speech later named “Bhagwat Gita” that’s still read and followed.

Arjuna recovered and decided to fight. Leader must have skills to build Strategies to achieve Target

Pandavas and Kauravas had soldiers and warriors strength in the ratio of 7:11, Panadvas having 1.53 millions and 2.41 millions.

With this count it was clear that the battle could be won only with Effective Strategies.

The fact that Pandavas won the battle proves that Krishna was successful not only in building strategies but in implementing them too, to achieve success. Good Leader must have Leadership Quality

When Krishna asked Arjuna and Duryodhana to choose between him and his army, the choice was, in fact, between a Leader and his Resources.

While a Good Leader can gain from limited resources, a Bad Leader will loose even with vast resources.

Knowing his excellent Leadership Qualities, Arjuna requested Krishna not only to lead the entire mission but to personally lead him by accepting to be his “Saarthi” (Charioteer), guide him and lead him to success. Leader should be good in Direction and Controlling

Controlling an army of 1.53 million soldiers and warriors to fight against a bigger army was not a easy task.

The 1.53 million soldiers were divided in seven divisions, led by a Commander each, further controlled by a Supreme Commander who himself was guided by the Pandavas and Krishna.

This all was made possible with with help of Lord Krishna’s great Management and Controlling Skills. Introduction Lord Krishna is an avatar (reincarnation) of Lord Vishnu and is a highly popular and respected deity synonymous with great intelligence, communication skills and love and affection capable of resolving any crisis faced by his devotees. Speaking in modern parlance, Lord Krishna can be best described as ‘The greatest crisis Manager’ the world has ever seen. Lord Krishna was called by Hundreds and Thousands of names and certainly ‘Leader’ is not one of them. The particular example we are referencing here is the battle of Mahabharat fought at Kurukshetra. Using modern theories of leadership, it is suggested that Krishna’s leadership style fits both the servant-leader and the transformational models of leadership based on situational contingencies. Directive Style of Leadership

In the Kurukshetra war with Kauravas, Lord Krishna takes the reins as Arjuna’s charioteer.

On seeing a reluctant Arjuna unwilling to fight and destroy his own relatives in the war, Lord Krishna advices Arjuna in the nature of a discourse called Bhagavad-Gita about the responsibilities of a soldier and the finer and broader aspects of human life.

Arjuna was a sensitive but extremely thoughtful, righteous person with a great sense of duty. Here the tactful Krishna understanding Arjuna’s personality uses Directive Style of Leadership effectively persuading Arjuna to begin the Great War. Influencing Style of Leadership

Lord Krishna being a great supporter of Pandavas does not spare even Bhishma and manages to find a way to tackle the veteran general of the Kauravas who had led the war for the first nine days causing extensive damage to the army of the Pandavas.

Lord Krishna takes Yudhisthira to Bhishma seeking the secret of becoming victorious in the war. Bhishma, knowing that Pandavas truly deserved to win the battle, tells Yudhisthira the secret of overcoming him as a prelude to winning the war.

Bhishma thus confronted by Shikandi on the tenth day of the war refuses to consider him as a man and throws down his bow and arrows choosing not to fight.

Lord Krishna thus uses an Influencing Style of Leadership and tackles Bhishma by making him the general of the enemy front as an ally by a tacit understanding using subtle diplomacy. Participative Style of Leadership

Yudhisthira, the eldest of the Pandavas, was the very embodiment of Satya (truth) and Dharma (righteousness). When Kaurava’s guru and general Drona was leading the battle, tactful Lord Krishna uses Yudhisthira cleverly. Drona was unconquerable and was devastating the army of the Pandavas.

Lord Krishna realizes that the only way to rid Drona was by exploiting his weakness for his son-Ashwatthaama.


A disheartened Drona gives up the weapons and dies soon in the battle.

Lord Krishna thus achieves the objective of eliminating Drona by using a Participative Style of Leadership to prepare Yudhisthira to accept the responsibility of telling a half truth. Authoritative Style of Leadership

At another decisive point in the same war, Karna is fighting against Arjuna and the chariot of Karna sinks in the sludge of the battle field. When Karna reminds Arjuna that it’s not Dharma to take advantage of the situation,

Lord Krishna taunts Karna by asking where his Dharma was when Draupadi was dragged into an open court and humiliated or when Yudhisthira was deceived in a foul play of dices or when Pandavas weren’t handed over the kingdom even after the exile was duly completed?

He thus influences the mind of Arjuna and then literally orders Arjuna not to waste time, take out his arrow and kill the evil enemy.

In this scenario, Lord Krishna uses Authoritative Style of Leadership, literally ordering a wavering and shaky Arjuna to act. Leadership by Attraction

Lord Krishna learns that Gandhaari planned to use the magical powers of her eyes blindfolded for long and energise Duryodhana’s body making him invincible from any attack.
Lord Krishna meets a completely nude Duryodhana on way to meet his mother and mocks at him to at least cover his groin. He thus cleverly prompts Duryodhana to cover his groin and when Gandhaari opens her eyes; his body is energised and made invincible everywhere except his thighs and groin.

He thus influences (Leadership by Attraction) Duryodhana and makes him vulnerable.
Later in the fight, Lord Krishna reminds Bheema of his oath to split Duryodhana’s thighs and thus ordering (Authoritative Leadership) him to strike. Bheema hits Duryodhana with a mace in the thighs and kills him eventually. He changed his leadership style according to the situation recognising the people and their potential He effectively used different leadership styles such as Authoritative, Directive, Participative or Even Attractive Styles of Leadership, changing sometimes as a chameleon but always safeguarding ‘dharma’ and always working towards what is ‘right’ He Identified the weaknesses of people and worked accordingly He guided and facilitated people to perform or achieve their goals. Lord Krishna was thus a great pragmatic and clever leader, using the resources of men and material most efficiently and proactively. In the corporate world as well as in our day to day life While facing short term and long term challenges, a leader is continuously working towards influencing people, making powerful allies and neutralising competitors. Thank You
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