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17.2: The Northern Renaissance
Transcript of 17.2: The Northern Renaissance
The Northern Renaissance
Writers of the Northern Renaissance
Italian humanists interested in reviving classical languages & classical texts
Northern humanists interested in examining the teachings of the Church
They thought the Christian Church had failed to inspire people to live a Christian life
New movement Christian humanism.
The reform of society
Education (boys AND girls)
Origins of Northern Renaissance:
Plague ended by 1450s
War between England & France ended in 1453
Populations, trade, wealth
Patronage of the arts started.
One big difference between Italy and France/England/Flanders!
Wrote "The Praise of Folly"
Made fun of greedy merchants, heartsick lovers & pompous priests
He believed in Christianity of the heart, not one of ceremonies or rules
He thought that in order to improve society, everyone should study the Bible.
Tried to show a better model of society
About an imaginary land where greed, corruption and war do not exist
“Kindness and good nature unite men more effectually and with greater strength than any agreements whatsoever, since thereby the engagements of men's hearts become stronger than the bond and obligation of words.”
“Nobody owns anything but everyone is rich - for what greater wealth can there be than cheerfulness, peace of mind, and freedom from anxiety?”
“Anyone who campaigns for public office becomes disqualified for holding any office at all.”
“(...) personal prejudice and financial greed are the two great evils that threaten courts of law, and once they get the upper hand they immediately hamstring society, by destroying all justice.”
“there is nothing more inglorious than that glory that is gained by war”
During this period, most Europeans were illiterate
Families who could afford schooling, sent their sons
One woman spoke out against this Christine de Pizan
Highly educated for her time
Wrote many books (short stories, novels, biographies)
Questioned different treatment of boys & girls, especially in education
"I am amazed by the opinion of some men who claim that they do not want their daughters, wives, or kinswomen to be educated because their morals would be ruined as a result...
Here you can clearly see that not all opinions of men are based on reason and that these men are wrong"
-Christine De Pizan in "The Book of the City of Ladies"
The Elizabethan Age
Queen Elizabeth I
Spoke French, Italian, Latin & Greek
Wrote poetry & music
Supported the development of English art & literature
Most famous writer William Shakespeare
Returned to the classics & drew on them for inspiration and plots
Master of the English language
Had a deep understanding of human beings
Most famous plays - tragedies: Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, Romeo & Juliet
Comedies: A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Taming of the Shrew
Reveal souls of humans through scenes of dramatic conflict
The Invention of the Printing Press
Before 1 book in 5 months
After 500 books in 5 months
Romans write on sheets of parchment (made from animal skin)
Irish monks hand-write and hand-illustrate "The Book of Kells"
Ancient Egyptian write on papyrus scrolls
Chinese make books by writing on strips of bamboo
Timeline of Book Making
- Invented the printing press