Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

labov

No description
by

Karen Griffiths

on 22 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of labov

You're gonna
luuuurve
LABOV!


Coined a term called
SOCIOLINGUISTICS
LABOV -1972
(Wow! This was a year that really improved the world!)
HE WENT ON FROM STUDYING SOCIOLECT AND MOVED ON TO NARRATIVE
a story or account of events,
experiences, or the like,
whether true or fictitious.

NARRATIVE
This is another bread and butter theorist for the exam. Spot some sort of story telling and you MUST discuss LABOV.
AND THAT'S ALL THERE IS TO IT!
THINK ABOUT

OUR PLAY TEXT
NEED REVISION?

TRY ONE OF THESE
The study of language in relation to
social factors, differences of region, class,
and occupational dialect.
What do you understand by the term NARRATIVE?
What's that got to do with
LABOV?
Consider text 1

This has been broken down into sections for you - just label them - nice and easy this one!
NOW IN GROUPS
What could you say about reflections of gender within the text?

HINT:
look at the ordering of names
Look at the actions of the genders
Consider also however, the contextual information of the text
Labov does not claim that this is a rigid structure.


Narratives may not necessarily contain all of these elements


The order of the events may not always be in the same order
(the evaluation may come at any point – within the story =
INTERNAL EVALUATION
– after the story has been told =
EXTERNAL EVALUATION
).
RIGIDITY OF STRUCTURE
NARRATIVE QUESTION
So what finally happened?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
The ending of the story the resolution that we have all been waiting to hear.

LINGUISTIC FORM
The last of the narrative clauses.
RESULT/RESOLUTION
NARRATIVE QUESTION
Then what happened?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
The story itself –a series of narrative clauses


LINGUISTIC FORM
Generally speaking a series of temporally ordered clauses in the past or present tense.
NARRATIVE/COMPLICATING ACTION
NARRATIVE QUESTION
So what?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Indicates the point of the story or why it is worth telling. (Grice’s Maxim of relevance?)

LINGUISTIC FORM
An evaluative commentary that can fall at any point in the story.
Back to the Narrative… EVALUATION
NARRATIVE QUESTION
Who or what are involved in the story and where did it take place?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Helps the reader/listener identify time, place, persons, activity and situation of the story.

LINGUISTIC FORM
Characterised by past continuous verbs, adjuncts of time, manner and place.
ORIENTATION: Identifies setting, character and context
According to Labov, narrative can be defined as a unit of discourse with clear boundaries, linear structure and recognisable stages in its development.




ABSTRACT
ORIENTATION
EVALUATION
NARRATIVE/COMPLICATING ACTION
RESULT
CODA
Stages of Narrative
Your group will be given an extract to consider:

Look closely at the extract you have been given.

1. Identify as many of Labov's narrative stages as you can.

2. Is there anything else linguistically that you would expect to comment on in the exam?

3. What would you expect the comparative piece to be about?
IDENTIFYING LABOV
Jack and Jill went up the hill –
orientation and initial narrative clause
to fetch a pail of water;
evaluative clause
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
and Jill came tumbling after.
Narrative clauses

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
as fast as he could caper,
Jill put him to bed and plastered his head
with vinegar and brown paper
Resolution
.
Look at the first verse.
Jack and Jill went up the hill
to fetch a pail of water;
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
and Jill came tumbling after.

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
as fast as he could caper,
Jill put him to bed and plastered his head
with vinegar and brown paper.
A STORY!
CAN YOU APPLY THE STRUCTURE?(first verse)
More recent linguists ( eg
COATES
) have asserted that narrative is fundamental in establishing identity.

The stories we tell define us and how we present ourselves in society.
BEYOND LABOV
NARRATIVE QUESTION
How does it all end?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Signals the end of the narrative, often bridges the gap between the narrative and the present time brings the reader back to the point at which they entered the story

LINGUISTIC FORM
Often a generalised “timeless” feel to the statement.
CODA
NARRATIVE QUESTION :

What is the story about?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION:

Signals that the story is about to begin and draws attention away from the listener

LINGUISTIC FORM:
A short summarising statement, provided before the narrative commences.
ABSTRACT: summarises the events to come
In pairs – look up each of the stages and determine a definition for each.

ABSTRACT
ORIENTATION
EVALUATION
NARRATIVE
RESULT
CODA
TASK 1
LABOV
WHAT DID HE HAVE TO SAY?
ADJUNCTS: (modifying word, form or phrase) structurally dispensable but useful.

Eg. Yesterday, Lorna saw the dog in the garden




Adjunct of time Adjunct of place


Structurally crucial clause
What is an ADJUNCT????
PAST CONTINUOUS: The past continuous tense (also called the past progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions which were going on (had not finished) at a particular time in the past.

Continuous past interruption in the action




E.g. I was doing my homework when the phone rang.
PAST CONTINUOUS????
To do with time
Can you think of an example of an ABSTRACT?


LET ME TELL YOU ABOUT THE FUNNIEST THING...
Erm... past continuous? Adjunct?
An Englishman, a Welshman and an Irishman were at the fair and about to go on the helter-skelter when an old witch steps in front of them...
'This is a magic ride,' she says. 'You will land in whatever you shout out on the way down.'

'I'm game for this,' says Dai, the Welshman, and slides down the helter-skelter shouting 'GOLD!' at the top of his voice. Sure enough, when he hit the bottom he found himself surrounded by thousands of pounds worth of gold coins.

William, the Englishman, goes next and shouts 'SILVER!' at the top of his voice. At the bottom he lands in more silver coinage than he can carry.
Patrick, the Irishman, goes last and, launching himself from the top of the slide shouts 'WEEEEEEE!'
WHY DID MY AWFUL JOKE NOT NEED A CODA?
WHERE HAD I INCORPORATED MY EVALUATION?
CAN YOU IDENTIFY ANY EXTRACTS WHERE LABOV'S NARRATIVE STRUCTURE CAN BE APPLIED?
So, now can you think of an example of an ORIENTATION?
WHO
WHERE
THIS CAN COME PRETTY MUCH ANYWHERE IN THE STORY TELLING PROCESS.
Next lesson, we'll look at an unseen that uses LABOV.
Don't panic!
No, my weekend wine hasn't addled my brain...

and yes, I realise that to you I have just broken Grice's maxim of quantity... (get it?)


BUT THE SONG LYRICS FIT...Let me tell you a story!
IT'S NEW THEORIST TIME!

LABOV'S NARRATIVE STRUCTURE!
Work hard today and I won't finish with more JUSTIN!
(He is a bit prettier!)

TURN TO THE PERSON NEXT TO YOU AND TELL THEM A STORY!
I don't mind what story it is but it must only take a few minutes and you must complete it.
I have some music for you while you do so....
WHAT STORY DID YOU TELL? CAN YOU APPLY LABOV? WHAT DOES IT SAY ABOUT YOU???
Full transcript