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Copy of Rizal's Educational Ideas

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Mary Jane Huynh

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Rizal's Educational Ideas

Rizal's Educational Ideas True redemption of the people.


Emancipates man from his slavish and ignorant mentality. E D U C A T I O N Man’s status in creation
Rizal had a correspondence with Fr. Pablo Pastells.
“for me, man is the masterpiece of creation, perfect in his limitations,
who cannot be deprived of any of his parts, whoever moral or physical, without being disfigured and rendered miserable.”
Rizal also regarded man as perfect in his limitations.
However, Rizal also said that man has limitations. This means that man, although perfect in his nature as man, still has limitations.
Rizal gave a practical advice to his sister Trinidad.
He described the qualities of German women to his sister. Expressed through letters:
“Letter to sister Trinidad” On Man Man’s freedom Fr. Pablo Pastells accused Rizal’s assertion of his freedom as nothing but self – love.

“that man is a perfectly created being, that man must not be deprived of his moral and physical parts, that man must be perfected in his conditions.”

“The masterpiece of creation”


The physical and moral conditions are always related to his environment. Man On the Education of Man

Recognized the status of man as the “masterpiece of creation”. Rizal exalted the twenty women of Malolos for their courage in asking permission from Governor general Weyler to open a night school for the education of women.
Rizal emphasized education as important for women (mothers) rearing up their children.
Rizal wanted to show to the twenty young Malolos women the connection between prosperity and education. “To the young women of malolos”
He compared Asian women with European or American women.

According to Rizal, Filipino women are to

“awaken and prepare the mind of the child for every good and desirable idea – love of honor, love for one’s fellowmen and respect for God.” “The Indolence of the Filipinos” Filipino people were being described as indolent or lazy people.

Rizal expressed his defense in his long essay, "The Indolence of the Filipinos". In the last paragraph of this essay, Rizal expressed his desire for the education of the people. He said:“Without education and liberty, which are the soil and the sun of man, to reform is possible, no measure can give the result desired. This does not mean that we should ask first for the native the instruction of a sage and all imaginable liberties, in order then to put a he in his hand or place him in a workshop; such a pretension would be an absurdity and vain folly. What we wish is that obstacle be not put in his way, not to increase the many his climate and the situation of the islands already create for him, that instruction be not begrudged him for fear that when he becomes intelligent he may separate from the colonizing nation or ask for the rights of which he makes himself worthy.”
He demanded two things: First , is the need to stop increasing the already difficult condition of the Filipinos due to climate and other situation.
Second, is the need to stop begrudging the education of the Filipinos for the simple reason that they may separate from Spain or may ask for human rights the moment they become educated.
Education and Country
Individuals are not “no man is an island” For Rizal,as education improves the life of an individual in society, so also an educated individual improves the condition of his country. Letter to his countrymen
Education of people for the country.
Rizal expressed his great interest in education for the progress of the country. In this letter, he said:
“My countrymen, I have given proofs that I am one most anxious for freedom for our county, and I am still desirous of them. But I place as prior condition the education of the people, that by individuality of its own and make itself worthy of these freedoms. I have recommended in my writings the study of civic virtues, without which there is no redemption.” Ricardo Pascual

His book THE PHILOSOPHY OF RIZAL

“the aim of education is the development of the people’s mentality. Very much dependent upon the mentality of the people in the way of improving the condition of the country.” False Idea of Happiness Complacent attitude
is prevalent in human society.

Man does not think of what is really proper to him; he rather adopts the ideals offered by some people or by foreign nations. Social Ideal Social malady exists in both the individual and society at large.

Social structure need remodeling.
the Sublime Paralytic Apolinario Mabini (1864 – 1903), Filipino theoretician and spokesman of the Revolution, already thought of this issue as follows:
in order to build the proper edifice of our social regeneration, it is imperative that we change radically not only our institutions but also our manner of behaving and thinking. It is necessary to have both an external and internal revolution, by establishing our moral education on a more solid foundation and purging ourselves of those vices, the majority of which we have inherited from the Spaniards. For Mabini radical change is needed:
a change of the ways of thinking and behaving. The Filipino needs both internal and external revolutions: the purging out of vices detrimental to national development and the inculcating of moral values necessary for national development. Like Rizal and other patriots, he also strived for the freedom of the Philippines. He expressed his ideas in his work, The Philippine Revolution.
Rizal’s Poems on Education He wrote it in both his prosaic and poetic works.

3 of his poems that celebrate the beauty and grandure of education to the improvement of the fatherland.
1. To Education
2. Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light
3. The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Education
Full transcript