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The Achievements of Tang, Song, and Sui China
Transcript of The Achievements of Tang, Song, and Sui China
The Tang (618-907)
The Tang dynasty was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty. The dynasty was briefly interrupted when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne, proclaiming the Second Zhou dynasty and becoming the only Chinese empress regnant.
The Song dynasty was a dynasty of Chinese history that succeeded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, and was followed by the Yuan dynasty.
The Sui (581–618)
The Song (960-1279)
The Sui dynasty was a brief Imperial Chinese dynasty. It unified China for the first time after over a century of division between northern and southern China. It was followed by the Tang dynasty.
The construction of the Grand Canal was a turning point for the Sui Dynasty.
The Grand Canal is the longest canal or artificial river in the world, and resulted in the migration of China’s core economic and agricultural region away from the Yellow River valley in the north and toward the southern provinces.
Reunified northern and southern China.
This dynasty has often been compared to the earlier Qin dynasty in tenor and in the ruthlessness of its accomplishments. The Sui dynasty's early demise was attributed to the government's tyrannical demands on the people, who bore the crushing burden of taxes and compulsory labor.
The Equal-field system, which was initiated to reduce the rich-poor social gap that resulted in enhanced agricultural productivity, as well as government centralization and reforms, creating a new model of governance after centuries of division
Buddhism was spread and encouraged throughout the empire, uniting the varied peoples and cultures of China.
Taizong set out to solve internal problems within past dynasties. Building upon the already in place legal code, he issued a new legal code that surrounding countries and following dynasties would then build upon.
Both the Sui and Tang Dynasties were in favour of staunch civil Confucianism. The governmental system was supported by a large class of Confucian intellectuals selected through either civil service examinations or recommendations. In the Tang period, Daoism and Buddhism reigned as core ideologies as well, and played a large role in people's daily lives.
It was the first government in world history to nationally issue banknotes or true paper money.
The first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy.
-Advances in clockwork and timekeeping
-An official materia medica, complete with entries for 833 different medicinal substances
-Advancements in the pursuit alchemy
-First rotary fan invented
The Tang dynasty government attempted to create an accurate census of the size of their empire's population, mostly for effective taxation and matters of military conscription for each region. The early Tang government established both the grain tax and cloth tax at a relatively low rate for each household under the empire.
-Hydraulic-powered, 12 metres tall astronomical clock tower
-Moveable type printing
-Advancements in geometry, cartography
In philosophy, Chinese Buddhism had waned in influence but it retained its hold on the arts and on the charities of monasteries. Buddhism had a profound influence upon the budding movement of Neo-Confucianism