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3.4.5 Urinalysis

3.4.5 Urinalysis
by

Christian Singleton

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of 3.4.5 Urinalysis

Case Study #2 This patient had nothing wrong them, other than having a slightly elevated protein count. Case Study #1 We diagnosed this patient with Gestational Diabetes. Case Study #3 Case Study #4 By: Christian Singleton
Lewis Ostermeyer
Travis Lantz Activity 3.4.5 Urinalysis Symptoms: - Constant thirst
- Frequent urination
- Drowsiness
- Weight Loss Conclusion Questions: 1.) Based on what you know about the function of the nephron, why should urine be free of blood cells?



2.)Urinalysis is an important diagnostic tool for the
determination of medical disorders. However, urinalysis has many other uses. Describe one other reason a person may have their urine tested.




3.) Explain why diagnostic tests are classified as a type of medical intervention.
Burning sensation when urinating
Cloudy and smelly urine
Urinating often with little urine released
Fever
Bloated feeling Urine should be free of blood cells because blood is filtered in the nephron, not removed. Another reason a person may have their urine tested is for a drug test. Certain chemicals in the urine can indicate if a person has been using any drugs. A diagnostic test is used to diagnose and identify a condition which helps treat or cure the condition. Anything that helps cure or treat a disease is a medical intervention. Relationship to other human body systems: A urinary tract infection is not directly related to other systems. Can affect the reproductive organs
and ultimately affect the baby. Some complications that can occur in the baby are:
- Excessive birth weight
- Early birth
- Hypoglycemia
- Type 2 Diabetes Tests
Urine Culture- Growing the bacteria from a sample of urine will allow your doctor to find out which medication will be most effective in curing it.
CT Scan- This checks for any abnormalities in the urinary tract that may be causing the infections.
Cystoscopy- A scope with a camera at the end that will allow the doctor to see inside your urethra and bladder Initial Glucose Challenge Test
Medication- For simple UTIs certain drugs will be able to cure it.
Antibiotics- For severe UTIs intravenous antibiotics from a hospital may be needed. It begins by having the patient drink a syrupy glucose solution. One hour later, she will have a blood test to measure their blood sugar level. If her blood sugar level is higher than normal, it only means she has a higher risk of gestational diabetes. Her doctor will diagnose her after giving her a follow-up test. Follow-Up Glucose Tolerance Testing For the follow-up test, the patient will be asked to fast overnight and then have her fasting blood sugar level measured. Then she'll drink another sweet solution, this one containing a higher concentration of glucose, and her blood sugar level will be checked every hour for a period of three hours. If at least two of the blood sugar readings are higher than normal, the patient will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. We diagnosed this patient with a urinary tract infection due to there being white blood cells and crystals in the urine. Treatment - Eat healthy
- Exercise
- Check blood sugar levels
- Take insulin shots
- Regular medical checkups
Nausea, Vomiting, and Abdominal Pain
Increased Urinary Frequency and Thirst
Rapid Breathing and Bad Breath
Fatigue and Weakness We diagnosed this patient with Ketoacidosis due to there being high levels of ketones in the urine due to breaking down fat too fast. Relationship to other body systems: Ketoacidosis is directly related to the digestive system because the body breaks down fats too fast. Treatment Symptoms Tests Symptoms
Blood Test- will measure the blood sugar level, ketone level, and blood acidity. A lack of insulin will result in an increase of glucose in the blood. A high amount of ketones can cause the blood acidity to increase.
Chest X-Ray- This is given just to make sure it is not an infection causing the symptoms. A patient will usually need to be treated in a hospital
Fluid Replacement- to rehydrate you from the water the patient lost from excess urination.
Electrolyte Replacement- The absent of insulin may have caused the level of electrolytes to decrease.
Insulin Therapy- This replaces lost insulin to return blood acidity levels back to normal. The high protein count is common in young people who just exercised or are sick. This patient just finished a strenuous exercise, which accounts for his high protein count. Treatment Tests
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