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Should the U.S. interfere with Yemen?

Megan Super

on 20 May 2010

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Transcript of Yemen

Yemen The problems facing yemen Should the US INtervene? Problem One: al-Qaeda Formally known as al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) A merger between the Saudi Arabian and Yemen branches of al-Qaeda Declared existence in January 2009 A prison break in 2006 freed 23 high ranking al-Qaeda members Believed to have had help from Yemeni officials Yemen expert Gregory Johnsen wrote in Foreign Policy magazine that, “Today al-Qaeda members are putting down roots by marrying into local tribes and establishing a durable infrastructure that can survive the loss of key commanders."

The AQAP has been described as being very patient
in their efforts to take over control of Yemen. Estimated 200-300 members The attempted underwear bombing on December 25, 2009 was the first attack from the AQAP on an American target. Problem 2: Ineffective Leadership President Ali Abdullah Saleh took control of Northern Yemen in 1978.
He continued to lead in 1990 after a merger with South Yemen. This should be his last term as president because there is an election in 2013. He has described ruling Yemen as like "dancing with snakes." Even the government's own Central Organization for Control and Auditing "has alleged that nearly 30 per cent of government revenue is never deposited in government accounts," Boucek, an expert on Yemen, writes. Problem 3: Southern Succession The south of Yemen has been staging mass protests for the past three years. The unification of Yemen came at a bad time. It occured right after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. In 1994, a civil war broke out. The North won but they did not quiet the South's demands. Problem 4: Human Rights Violations "Unlawful killings, arbitrary detentions, beatings, crackdowns on freedom of assembly and speech, arrests of journalists, and others," have been widely commited by the south's security forces as reported by Human Rights Watch in December of 2009.

There is a large amount of censorship. Yemen security forces engaged in a one-hour long gun battle with the security at the offices of Al-Ayyam, which is the oldest independent newspaper and considered by many to be the most popular. Problem 5: the Houthi Rebellion Started in 2004 and is in its sixth round of fighting. Saudia Arabian involvement against the Houthi has worsened the fighting The Houthi movement's slogan is, "God is great! Death to America! Death to Israel! Curse upon the Jews! Victory to Islam!" Due to heavy casualties caused by Saudi air raids, the Houthi propsed a truce on January 24, 2010. They then announced that they had withdrawn their troops from Saudi Arabia, but that the air raids had not stopped. Reasons for Intervening Stabilize Yemen's government Stemming the spread of terrorism in the Middle East in an attempt to provide a safer environment for the people in Yemen and for protecting our citizens from future attacks reinforcing our place as a global superpower. Protecting oil interests Reasons Against intervention U.s. debt War on multiple fronts Available troops and military resources are running low People of Yemen are hostile to idea of Invasion Negative Global Viewpoint War on ideals Invasion would create a war on terrorism wars fought against ideals have historically been unsuccessful, ex. Korea and Vietnam (War on Communism) Yemen has not provoked an attack on the u.s. Except for one failed recent account, “Underwear” bomber, (he was on the terrorist watch list) Our Stance Against Intervening In the current circumstance we are against sending military aide. if in the future the u.s. is provoked by Yemeni action further military involvement may be necessary.

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