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Subject-Verb Agreement

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by

Keira Ashleigh

on 6 April 2015

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Transcript of Subject-Verb Agreement

Overview
Prepositional phrases
of, to, in, from, for, with, at, by
except, but, like, between
Intervening Elements
as well as, in addition to, such as, including, plus, together, with, other than
Company Names and Titles
Although they may appear plural, company names and titles of publications are singular and require singular verbs.
Indefinite Pronouns
Some indefinite pronouns are always
singular
, whereas others are always
plural
. There some that may be
either
, depending on what they are referencing.
There vs. Here
Subject-Verb Agreement
Collective Nouns as Subjects
Distinction between
THE
number and
A
number
Quantities and Measures
Fractions, Portions
and Percentages
"Who" clauses
Phrases and Clauses as subjects
Subject Complements
THE
and
A
are articles of a sentence
THE
implies singularity
A
implies plurality
When
number
is the subject of a sentence,
THE
and
A
become important
We must ignore the prepositions that follow the subject
number
and determine whether a subject is plural or singular by the use of either
THE
or
A
Quantities as
total amounts
are
singular
Quantities that are
individual units,
units which can be counted, are
plural
Level I


Locate the subjects of verbs
prepositional phrases
intervening element
sentences begin with there or here
inverted sentences

Make verbs agree with:
subjects joined by
and

(plural)
company names and titles
(singular)
Level II
Choose the right verbs to agree with indefinite pronouns and collective nouns
Level III
Make verbs agree with numbers
Achieve subject-verb agreement with phrases and clauses as subjects and with subject complements
Game Time
Check out your card, it should have either a sentence with its subject underlined and missing its verb, or a single verb.
Try to find someone else in the class with a verb/ sentence that fits with yours.
You only have 1 minute to find your partner!
Always sing.
Anyone, anybody, anything, each, either, every (one, body, thing), neither, nobody, nothing, some (body, one, thing)
Always plural
Both, few, many, several
Sing. or plural
All, any, more, most, several
For example...
Either
of the two applicants
is
qualified.
Everybody
in the lottery
has
an equal chance.
A
few
of the employees
are
applying for shares.
Neither
of the websites
are
particularly helpful
* Should be
is
Collective nouns like team, council, class, committee, and faculty are usually singular, but may be plural, depending on how they are used in a sentence.
Relative Pronoun Clauses
Must agree in number and person with the noun to which it refers
ONE OF :
Plural
ONLY ONE
: Singular
May be singular or plural
Depends on the noun to which they refer
When entire phrases or clauses are the subject of a sentence, a singular verb is used
1. Only
half

of the dogs

WERE
allowed in the park
2. Over a
third

of the paper

WAS

completed in time
Linking verb must agree with the subject
If the complement differs from the subject in number, the linking verb must still agree with the subject
Step 1: Identify if your noun is collective
Step 2: If it is you would use a singular verb
Our

faculty

has
unanimously approved the proposal
In locating subjects in a sentence, ignore prepositional phrases. The subject of a verb will not be the object of a preposition.


(singular subject)

(singular verb)
The

letter

with its several attachments

was
received this morning.
(intervening)

Note: "Attachments" is not the subject


1. One of the companies is hiring new employees.
2. E-mail messages from the president are important.
3. Everyone except Stephanie and Todd is working.
What are the subjects of the following sentences?
In locating subjects, ignore intervening groups of words such as those introduced by:

(preposition)
"Only
one

of the students

is

taking summer school."
(singular subject) (singular verb)
In sentences beginning with
there
or
here
, look for the true subject after the verb.
"Here is a list of potential customers"
Step 1: Invert the sentence.
"A list of potential customers is here"


"A
list

of potential customers
is
here"
(singular subject)

(singular verb)
Step 2: Identify the subject.
vs.
"The
lists
of potential customers
are
here"
(plural subject & verb)
Seven Secrets to Successful Investing
is
a top seller at Amazon.com.
One book is singular, can be replaced with "it"
Malicki and Malicki Associates is hiring.

One company =
it is
not
they are

Example:
1.The number of bees in Toronto is declining
2. A number of bees were killed
Example:
Reading about the flu virus

is
interesting
Example:
Mr. Smith is
one
of those
people

who

are
never on time
ONE OF (plural): WHO refers to a plural antecedent
Full transcript