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Unit 7: International Institutions 1
Transcript of Unit 7: International Institutions 1
NATO (www.nato.int) is a multi-national inter-governmental organisation based on the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4th April 1949.
The World in 1945
With Germany defeated, the Britain, the U.S. and Western Europe faced the Soviet Union on the borders of East Germany.
In 1955 the Soviet Union and its 'allies' (Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania) formed their answer to NATO - The Warsaw Pact
The nuclear arms race began
What NATO does....
NATO's role in 1945 was to defend Western Europe from the Warsaw Pact. Its forces were trained to fight vast land battles across the plains of Germany using tanks supported by aircraft.
NATO’s essential purpose now is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
Currently NATO's primary roles are counter-terrorism, training ANA/ANP forces, establishing democratic government in Afghanistan and working to reduce the drug trade
How is NATO structured
NATO has 28 member states and it's Headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium
Command responsibility is shared between Allied Command Transformation (ACT) based in Norfolk, Virginia USA & Allied Command Operations (ACO) based in Casteau, Belgium
Log on to www.nato.org and select the 'organisation' tab
3 x PASS criteria
2 x MERIT criteria
1 x DISTINCTION criteria
P1: Describe the key international institutions and their impact on UK public services
M1: Analyse how decisions made by international institutions affect the operations of UK public services
deterring Soviet expansionism
forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism in Europe
encouraging European political integration