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Phonetic vs. Phonemic Approaches
Transcript of Phonetic vs. Phonemic Approaches
What is the Phonemic Approach?
A type of intervention that is based purely on error patterns. The cycles approach is used to facilitate the overall intelligibility. This is accomplished by targeting the primary error patterns in cycles, such as choosing patterns that are stimulating.
What makes them different?
Examples of a phonetic approach
Traditional intervention is focused on isolating the particular speech sound errors and working on the errors one at a time.
Examples of a Phonemic Approach
The Communicative Approach is a method better suited for phonological errors. This technique involves the use of nonsense words and sounds during therapy. The Communicative Approach can also include more than one particular speech sound error per session.
The phonetic approach is a type of intervention based on articulation errors. Therapy is focused on the individual's strengths and the goal is to increase the client's awareness. Progressive approximation, a series of sounds that progressively approximate the target, can be used during this method.
What is a Phonetic Approach?
In a phonetic approach the impact of intelligibility is an important factor on which errors to target first.
How are they similar?
They both can be administered with the same modes of intervention, such as drill and structured play. They are also similar in that they focus on making sure that the client is meeting developmental milestones, such as in the Sander's Phonological Acquisition Chart
Phonetic disorders are isolated speech sounds that are frequently occurring and phonemic disorders have a linguistic focus and follow particular patterns. In the phonetic approach the focus is on stimulation, whereas with phonemic the target is how it will affect the client's sound system as a whole.