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The Battle of the Somme
Transcript of The Battle of the Somme
The Battle of the Somme
The British and French wanted to take over the German front
The Battle began on July 1, 1916 when the British attacked the Germans. The Germans were well prepared and attacked back
On this first day alone, there were 60,000 casualties
Canada came of age during the battle and had a reputation as hard-hitting shock troops.
"The Canadians played a part of such distinction that thenceforward they were marked out as storm troops; for the remainder of the war they were brought along to head the assault in one great battle after another. Whenever the Germans found the Canadian Corps coming into the line they prepared for the worst."
"The Somme." Http://www.veterans.gc.ca. N.p., 1 Oct. 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/firstwar/canada/Canada8>.
The battle took place in France
I took place along the Somme River, which is where it got its name
It took place over a line of about 30km
"Battle of Verdun." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/battle_verdun.shtml>.
CBC. "The Bloodiest Battle." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP12CH1PA2LE.html>.
"Firstworldwar.com." First World War.com. Ed. Michael Duffy. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/somme.htm>.
"The Somme (Video)." World War One Battlefields :. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ww1battlefields.co.uk/somme.html>.
Sydney. "Canadian Battlefields Â» The Somme." Canadian Battlefields Â» The Somme. N.p., 31 May 2009. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.canadianbattlefields.ca/?cat=41>.
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"WarMuseum.ca - History of the First World War - Battles and Fighting." WarMuseum.ca - History of the First World War - Battles and Fighting. Canadian War Museum, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012. <http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/courcelette-e.aspx>.
On September 15, 1916 at dawn the Canadian troops were ordered to capture the village Courcelette . The 22nd Regiment were men from Quebec who were inexperienced in an offense so they knew it would be nearly impossible to succeed. It was also the first battle the British used armoured tanks. After fighting hand t0 hand combat with the Germans, the Canadians managed to capture Courcelette at 8 am the next day. But the success came with a heavy price there were thousands of casualties.
"Battle of the Somme - The Free Information Society." The Free Information Society - Educating and Entertaining since 2003. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.freeinfosociety.com/article.php?id=456>.
Battle, The end of the, in November 1916, the British had lost 420, 000, the French lost nearly 200, 000 men, and the Germans 500. "The Battle of the Somme." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/somme.htm>
Duffy, Michael. "First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of the Somme, 1916." First World War.com - A Multimedia History of World War One. N.p., 22 Aug. 2009. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/somme.htm>.
"Quiz: Battle of the Somme." UKTV Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://uktv.co.uk/yesterday/quiz/aid/564699/#Competition>. "The Battle of The Somme." History Man. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.historyman.co.uk/ww1/Somme.html>. "The Bloodiest Battle." CBC.ca - Canadian News Sports Entertainment Kids Docs Radio TV. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPISCONTENTSE1EP12CH1PA2LE.html>.Ross, Stewart. The battle of the Somme. Chicago: Raintree, 2004. Print. "World War One - Weapons." History on the Net Main Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW1/we
There were 4 Canadian Divisions who fought at the battle of the Somme. The 4th Division was given the task to capture Regina Trench and on November 11 they managed to. The last attack of the Somme, seven days later the Canadians advanced towards Desire Trench, but never managed to capture it. The Canadians had 24,029 casualties in total from the battle of the Somme.
The battle ended on November 18, 1916
The battle is so significant because so many people died
By the end, the number of casualties was over a million
It was considered the battle that represents the horrors of World War
When the Canadian joined, Colonel Louis Tremblay said "We know very well that we are heading into the slaughterhouse."
There was no real winner!
The End of the Battle
Machine guns, gas, rifles, zeppelins, planes, tanks, and torpedoes are all examples of the many weapons used in the Battle of the Somme
Armored tanks were introduced in this battle
Trench warfare existed
The 22nd Regiment who captured Courcelette was given a nickname by the British as "The Van Doos" in respect. Lieutenant Jean Brillant and Corporal Joseph Kaeble part of the Regiment during the First World War were awarded the Victorian Cross. It is the highest military honour a soldier part of Britain's common wealth can receive. They have also fought in World War II. The 22nd Regiment still exists today and they have been to Afghanistan.