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Copy of Plot Components

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Hanan Chiang

on 22 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Plot Components

Who? What? Where? When? Why? The author begins his or her story with the exposition. It establishes the setting, introduces some of the main characters, explains background, and introduces the characters’ main conflict.

As you view this video clip,
identify the setting, main
characters, and conflicts. Exposition The series of events, such as the conflicts, complications, and struggles, that lead to the climax, or the highest point of action in the story. Rising Action Plot Diagram 4 3 2 5 1 A struggle between a
character and another
physical force, such
as another character
or a natural disaster. External Conflict Man versus self Man versus society Conflict - A struggle between two opposing forces Internal Conflict A mental or emotional struggle that occurs within a character. Complication 1. What is Cinderella’s initial conflict?
2. How does she try to resolve it?
How does her effort complicate the
situation even more? This is the second component of plot. Here, characters take some action to resolve conflict but are instead met with more problems such as danger, hostility, fear, or even a new threatening situation. This is the third part of a story. It is the tense, exciting, or terrifying moment when the reader’s emotional involvement is greatest. It is the point of the story where the action comes to a peak. It might be the turning point of the story. All earlier action leads up to the climax (called the rising action), and all following action fades (called the falling action). Climax What clues hint that this is the
highest point of the story’s action? Climax - From Walt Disney’s Cinderella The events that follow the story’s climax. These events lead to the story’s resolution. Falling Action Man versus nature Man versus man Man versus nature Hint: Think about the change in music
and the facial expressions of the characters
in the scene. This happens at the end of the story when all struggles and conflicts have been resolved and we know what is going to happen to the people in the story. In Disney terms, that's the "And then they live happily ever after" part. Resolution/Denouement Classwork:
As you view this video clip,
fill out your Story Mapping worksheet.
This worksheet will be collected
at the end of class. Identify both the falling action and resolution in the DDLJ clip you just saw. Character &
Characterization Make your character come alive through descriptions of his/her: Appearance Personality Dialogue A struggle between a character and another physical force, such as another character or a natural disaster. External Conflict Internal Conflict A mental or emotional struggle that occurs within a character. Other examples of internal conflicts: How does the author
enhance the climax? The feeling of uncertainty or anxiety, which an author instills in a reader, as he/she questions the outcome of events. Simply put, you hold it back before showing it to the reader. SUSPENSE! How does an AUTHOR create it?! How is suspense created in this clip?

As you watch, jot down notes to answer this question. Pacing: (a) Speeding up the action. Create the sense that time is running out.
(b) When things get intense, SLOW IT DOWN like a slow-mo pic. Do a long shot. Foreshadowing: Giving hints or clues as to what might happen later. Dangerous actions or events: Put something beyond control (disaster? war? poverty?) onto the path of your main character. Introduce obstacles. Close your eyes and listen.
What do you SEE?
What do you HEAR?
What do you SMELL?
What environment are you in? Theme

A statement that teaches the reader a lesson about human nature or life in general. The author doesn’t typically tell us the theme. It is usually implied. We have to figure out what it is! What is the life lesson of this story? How can I figure out the theme of a story?? What is the message that the author is
trying to convey? What is the big idea? What universal lesson can you draw from
this story and apply to your own life? Often, a character must learn this lesson in order to undergo change. Imagery Description that creates mental pictures/images in the readers' mind while reading. By triggering the five senses 2) Smell 3) Taste 4) Touch 5) Hearing The clay oozed between Jeremy's fingers as he let out a squeal of pure glee. Tumbling through the ocean water after being overtaken by the monstrous wave, Mark unintentionally took a gulp of the briny, bitter mass, causing him to cough and gag. Peter's socks, still soaked with sweat from Tuesday's P.E. class, filled the classroom with an aroma akin to that of salty, week-old, rotting fish. Paola's eyes were endless pools of beauty. Machine guns and rifles broke the silence of the night, spasmodically, like dogs barking on lone farms. What is imagery? Why would the author want to incorporate imagery? To make readers feel as though they are in the story. To get them more interested in the plot. 1) See “Look what I shot.” Gale holds up a loaf of bread with an arrow stuck in it, and I laugh. I take it in my hands, pull out the arrow, and hold the puncture in the crust to my nose, inhaling the fragrance that makes my mouth flood with saliva. Fine bread like this is for special occasions.

“Mm, still warm,” I say. He tosses a berry in a high arc toward me. I catch it in my mouth and break the delicate skin with my teeth. The sweet tartness explodes across my tongue. The stew doesn’t taste bad, but there’s a certain sliminess that’s hard to get around. Like you have to swallow every bite three times before it really goes down. …the second knife catches me in the forehead. It slices above my right eyebrow, opening a gash that sends a gush running down my face, blinding my eye, filling my mouth with the sharp, metallic taste of my own blood. How can an author help readers create mental images? Charity Love Hatred Death Good vs evil Mystery Show, don't tell. What's Mr Traas's personality like? Is he wearing a card on his chest that says "I am grumpy"? How did the movie show his personality through a series of small incidents? The character's appearance should match the overall story. Imagine a bald superman? Good dialogue has a purpose. It keeps the story going. Good dialogue reveals the characters. Good dialogue should be believable. Dialogue should be broken up with action. How to write good dialogue? "Hey, dude," said Khalid. "Hey. Whassup dude?" said Sam. "Nothing much, dude." Boring, man!
But what if... "I'm bored. Let's go rob a bank." Khalid said. (!!!!!!!) "You know you're not supposed to go there, beta," said _________. Who is this? I like jokes. Hehehe. Who likes jokes? Exercise: "Honey...you gave me $5000 today to buy the iPad, right? I...I lost it on the way to the shop...I swear, I didn't mean to!" Tears began to spill out of Kate's eyes.

Write a response from Kate's husband, who is a very mean person. "Oh, it's a cockroach. Well, it is disgusting." What's wrong with the dialogue? It does not have any emotion!
:-/ :-) :-P :-D :-S .\ /. T_T Exercise: rewrite the dialogue with appropriate tone and emotion. Group work: Write a short dialogue for the following guy that reflects his emotions. RAGE!!!! JOY *V* Sad :'( Y U NO...?!?!?! LIKE A BOSS. We do this to combine the dialogue with the setting, as well as to give the reader a hint about how the characters are feeling. Carrie sat down, opened the sugar packet and sprinkled it in her tea and then stirred it. “I went to the show the other day."

“Really?" Sophie took a long sip of her coffee. “Was it any good?"

Carrie shrugged. “Not bad. The dogs were cute but the cows were too noisy." She poured milk into her tea.

Sophie put her coffee cup down and leant forward, eyes sparkling. “Speaking of dogs, I was talking to George the other day..." How does Carrie feel about the show? How do you know? If Sophie is leaning forward and her eyes are sparkling as she speaks, she's probably feeling __________ Dialogue can be... Monologue Phone call Text/Facebook chat Letters/diaries Even an imagined conversation! Vincent steps into the phone booth, thinking to make a call to his wife and tell her that he won't be home for dinner. Suddenly, the phone rings. Curious, he picks up the receiver.

"Hello?" he said.
A deep male voice answered. "Don't even think about leaving that booth."
"Stay exactly where you are and listen carefully."
Vincent sighed. "I've had a long day, mister. No jokes please."
"You know better than to disobey me." the stranger said.
"Who is this?"
"Someone who's watching you."
"Get lost!"
"Nice red and black tie, by the way." Notice how the dialogue is presented in this movie. Pay attention to the abbreviations and internet slang! I play it over and over in my mind. I've got a plan and it better work. It *will* work.

Hey, I'd go up and say. I'm Joe. You might have seen me in Math class.

Right, she'd nod and smile. I'm Sarah. Nice meeting you.

Same here. Wanna hang out after school?

Sure. And then...and then I'd lost
myself in her eyes... Setting See the settings through your characters' eyes. Each character has a different perspective. The time, place and conditions where the action of the story takes place. Again, show, don't tell. Abstract adjectives old, dilapidated run-down, shabby Help your readers SEE the place. cobwebs
broken windows
creaky door Now, describe the SMELL of the place using the "showing" method. What's the weather like? Help me feel it. Setting and atmosphere/mood Use the 5 senses What time is it if I hear:
Garbage truck
Smell of coffee from downstairs ? Shrill laughter coming from an empty room in the middle of the night Setting and character What do we know about this person? What kind of a person is our character if his house is like this:
lots of empty pizza boxes on the floor
stains on the furniture
dishes piling up in the sink Point of View / Perspective The relationship between the person telling the story (narrator) and the characters Point of view First person Second person Third person Omniscient Third person limited Third person objective narrator is invovled firsthand in the story
I, we, me, myself, etc "you" as the agent
not commonly used in stories/fiction
instructions/directions the 3rd person can be NOT in the story at all, or as a minor character
he, she, names
omni = all ; scient = know narrator's perspective is limited to the internal workings of ONE character
reveals the feelings and thoughts of that character through explicit narration narrator only describes feelings characters' action and dialogue
narrator does not explicitly reveal feelings and thoughts Identify the narrator as well as his/her point of view in this video. Clashes between different points of view...in real life and in fiction Separation: Send your character away. What's the enemy up to? List out all the shots ! Surprise/mislead the reader: Do something unexpected. Have a character smile to someone before slapping him. Have a trusted friend betray your main character's secret at the right time. Loss: Take away something your character values (an object? A loved one? A job?). Think of how a sinking ship added tension to an otherwise predictable love story. A surprising twist: Think of the Paul Jenning stories I gave you in class.
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