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Inferencing Strategy

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on 5 February 2015

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Transcript of Inferencing Strategy

Reading Comprehension Strategy:
Drawing Inferences

Inferencing Chart
Inference-Evidence Chart
Thinking Strategies

Adaptations: -
-Compare and discuss with a partner.
-Use graphic organizers to write inferences.
Adaptations:
Students with reading difficulties
need the "multiple strategy method"
Visual reminder for them
Students use information from text combined with background knowledge to make inferences.
Research Based and Documented:

How it Works:
-Provide students with a copy of the text
-The student reads up to the first sticky note
-Determines what the author is suggesting by using information from the text and what is already known.
-Writes the info in the designated columns
-Reviews their recorded information and writes and inference in the designated box.
(Inferences) Faces/Expressions
(12 Think-Aloud Strategies-Bookmark


Beers, Kylene. (2003). When kids can't read: What teachers can do. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Bender, W.N., & Larkin, M. (2009). Reading strategies for elementary students with learning difficulties. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, Inc.

Florida Center for Reading Research. (2007, January 1). Retrieved January
30, 2015, from http://www.fcrr.org/for-educators/sca_2-3.asp.

Inferring: Thinking Stems! (n.d.). Retrieved February 4, 2015, from https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Inferring-Thinking-Stems-Schema-Text-Clues-Inferences-Owl-Posters-1124172

Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions. (n.d.). Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/making-inferences-and-drawing-conclusions

Marzano, R. (2010, April). The Art and Science of Teaching / Teaching Inference. Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr10/vol67/num07/Teaching-Inference.aspx.

Wissman, J. (2015). Ohio Resource Center. "Making inferences". Retrieved February 2, 2015 at http://www.ohiorc.org/Literacy_K5/strategy/strategy_each.aspx?id=000001#how1.

A form of Predicting (Reading between the lines)
Good readers do this all the time
Kennetta Bridges, DeBra Hines-Townsell, Jenny King, Chris Perez, Lauren Vensil
Marzano (2010) suggests teachers pose four questions to ask:
What is my inference?

What information did I use to make this inference?

How good was my thinking?

Do I need to change my thinking?

It Says-I Say-And So...

Thinking Stems
Inference
Evidence
The boy wanted to go to the beach.
The boy put on his swimming trunks and got his beach towel.
Students read a story.
Students make inferences about certain parts of the story.
Teacher creates chart and has students make inferences.
Students find evidence to support their inferences.
Adaptations:

Use pictures for evidence
Use technology to create charts.
What is inferencing?

: a conclusion or opinion that is formed because of known facts or evidence
1. Introduce the strategy using a short familiar story
2. Make sure to ask questions that force the students to draw inferences
3. Model the strategy often
4. The It Says portion needs to be a direct quote.

I quickly packed my suitcase. I tossed in a change of clothes, a toothbrush, and a hairbrush. Glancing at my watch, I zipped the suitcase and walked to the front door. After I shut the window blinds, I pulled a heavy coat from the closet.
Inferencing Paragraph
How it works:
Provides examples of question starters
"Inferencing Starter"
Adaptations:
Can be printed any size to accomodate
More details could be added to each stem
Examples:
Full transcript