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Edgar Allan Poe
Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe
While his stories are famous and still told today, Edgar Allan Poe didn’t live such a happy life. *He was born on January 19th, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts to David Poe, Jr., and Elizabeth Arnold. They were both actors. He was the second of two children. He had an older brother named William Henry Leonard Poe and a younger sister named Rosalie Poe. His father abandoned his family and his mother died a year later when he was three, so he went to live with John Allan. The Allans raised him to be a gentleman.The Allan family started calling him Edgar Allan Poe (he was just Edgar Poe before). John Allan wanted Poe to be a businessman, but Poe dreamed of being a writer. By age thirteen, he already had already compiled enough poetry to publish a book, but he didn’t.
Went to live with John Allan
Edgar Allan Poe
Poe’s adult life started with him getting married. *He married his 13 year old cousin in 1835. Her name was Virginia Clemm. Poe became the assistant editor for the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond after writing “MS. Found in a Bottle”. Working on the Southern Literary Messenger was the first time he received much attention for his writing. In the magazine, he wrote many tales about deaths of beloved young women. He left the Messenger in 1837. Not much is known about his life of the next two and a half years. He tried making a living off of different small jobs. After two and a half years of not writing much, *he got a job as an assistant editor of Burton's Gentleman's Magazine in 1839. Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847. Despondent, he wrote many depressing poems after this, including "Ulalume”, a poem about a speakers concentration of the past.
Joined military using name Edgar A. Perry. Stationed in Boston Harbor
Married his 13 year old cousin Virginia Clemm
Became assistant editor for the Southern
Literary Messenger in Richmond.
Left The Messenger, got a job at Burton's Gentleman's Magazine.
Wife dies of tuberculosis. He is depressed after this, and so is his work.
Other writers during his time. Charles Dickens, Charlotte Brontë, and Mark Twain
The Cask of Amontillado was released in an 1846
The Masque of the Red Death was released in 1842.
The Raven was released in 1845
Fame and Fortune
Poe wanted a good education. In 1826, Poe registered at the University of Virginia where he studied ancient and modern languages. Right before going to college, he became engaged to a girl named Elmira Royster. Her father didn’t like this because he thought that they were too young, so he intercepted the letters sent to her from Poe. He dropped out after a year because of debts. He claimed that John Allan had not given him enough money for college. In 1827, Poe enlisted in the United States Army using the name “Edgar A. Perry”. His foster mother died in February, 1829. Poe was discharged from the military in April, 1829.
Poe was very famous in his time, but not very rich. He did not receive much money for his stories, no matter how many people enjoyed them. He is called The Father of the Detective Story because he wrote mysteries in such a different way. It might start off with a murderer being caught and then explaining the murder. It’s like a detective story backwards. He is probably most known for The Raven. This was the story that made him a household name and a celebrity.
Poe’s death is still a mystery to people. On October 3, 1849, Poe was found delirious on the streets of Baltimore. He was taken to a hospital where he died four days later. He was never awake or sane long enough to explain what happened to him. Interestingly, he was not wearing his own clothes. While his death was a mystery, it is known that he was a great writer, and truly one of the best in history.