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How to think like a Scientist and Engineer

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Jennifer Reeder-Golden

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of How to think like a Scientist and Engineer

By Jennifer Reeder-Golden
Brandman University
Summer I 2016 EDMU 525
Science begins with a question
Engineering begins
with a problem or need
5.
Scientists & Engineers think using mathematics and computation.

7.
Scientists & Engineers engage in argument and evidence.
How to think like a Scientist and Engineer
Scientists & Engineers communicate, look for evidence, explain, and design solutions.
2.
1.
There are 8 practices that are commonly used in Science &Engineering which link the two fields of study.
Scientists & Engineers Develop and use models.
4.
Scientists &Engineers analyze and interpret data.
6.

Scientists construct Explanations
Engineers design solutions
8.
Scientists & Engineers obtain, evaluate, and communicate information.

3.
Scientists & Engineers plan and carry out investigations.

In the classroom the Scientist will ask:
What is the effect of air flow on an object that creates lift?
In the classroom Engineers observe wind tunnels and design a prototype to test wind power on lift.
In the classroom a Scientist predicts possible explanations of models by asking if...then...therefore.
In the classroom Engineers examine models for flaws and make decisions on how to improve systems.
If I change the direction of the wind, then what is the reaction of the plane going to show me?
If I change the speed of the wind, then what is the reaction between plane and wind?
If I change the type or size of plane what is the reaction going to be?
How can I change the construction of the wind tunnel to create a better effect on the plane?
Can a better design use less wind pressure to create faster lift off?
What materials can I try to create a more effective lift off for the plane?
What theories already exist?
What can I do to test/change these theories?
What are the variables that effect how lift off happens?
What will I record/ collect data on to support my findings?
How will the variables/outcomes be measured?
Planning:
Carry out the investigation using the controlled and planned variables.
In the classroom Scientists & Engineers Plan and Investigate.
Scientists in the classroom examine
patterns
and
relationships
that they come up with in their investigations.
Engineers in the classroom make
design changes
and
decisions
based on the data they have collected.
In the classroom Scientists and Engineers use
mathematics
and compute data to prove the accuracy of their findings.
In the classroom Scientists explain evidence and knowledge they have gained while collecting data and experimenting.
In the classroom Engineers design and implement solutions derived from their data and experiments.
In the classroom Scientists and Engineers talk about the reasons and make arguments to explain what they have found using evidece from the data they have collected.
In the classroom Scientists & Engineers show what they know by writing , making diagrams, charts, graphs, drawing images, using symbols, and mathematical calculations.
What patterns develop when a variable is changed and how does that change relate to the lift of the airplane?
What shapes or materials can I substitute to improve the design of the wind tunnel?
In the classroom:

Students
are
Scientists
and
Engineers
. Knowing how to use the 8 Science and Engineering Practices to
question, explore, and learn
about our surroundings is a
creative process.
References:
Martin, D. (2012). Elementary Science Methods: A Constructivist Approach (6th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning. International Edition

N. (n.d.). A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Retrieved May 10, 2016, from https://brandman.blackboard.com/bbcswebdav/pid-8236044-dt-content-rid-13222672_2/courses/OL-201631-EDMU-525-OL1/Scientific and Engineering Practices NRC K-12 Framework.pdf
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