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Diabetes Type II

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by

kristina Rhett

on 16 November 2014

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Transcript of Diabetes Type II

How...?
Risk Factors for the disease....
Preventions
The Biomedical Makeup
of Diabetes...
Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
...is it
Contracted?

A family history of diabetes. If a parent or sibling in your family has diabetes, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases.

Age over 45. The chance of getting type 2 diabetes increases
.

Race or ethnic background. The risk of type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians.
The most affective way is moderate weight loss, eating healthier and exercise.
Moderate weight loss can be assessable by thirty minutes of exercise for five days. If overweight losing five to ten percent of body fat will highly reduce the risk of receiving diabetes.
T
he pancreas, which contains the insulin-making beta cells, responds to the body's insulin resistance by churning out even more of the hormone.
E
ven though insulin levels may increase to a degree, even the increased amount is not sufficient to prevent blood sugar from becoming too hig
h.


T
he excess blood sugar in diabetes can destroy blood vessels all over the body and cause complications.
I
t can severely damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and other body parts; cause sexual problems; and double the risk of heart attack and strok
e.
statistics...
Diabetes affects 25.8 million people of all ages
8.3 percent of the U.S. population

DIAGNOSED
18.8 million people

UNDIAGNOSED
7.0 million people
By: Kristina Rhett, April Prackett, Waverly Hill-Mathis, and Jordan Avery
The Variations of Diabetes
Diabetes was discovered and named by a Greek Physician named Aretaeus. He named it diabetes from the Greek word “siphon.”
Aretaeus recognized two of diabetes main symptoms, thirst and urination.
The History Of Diabetes
In 1921 something amazing happened, Insulin was created in Ontario, Canada. It was discovered by a young surgeon named Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best.
Insulin
In 1935 Roger Hinsworth discovered that there were two types of diabetes, they were insulin sensitive (type I) and insulin insensitive (type II). This discovery allowed doctors to better diagnosis patients.
They both requires lifelong injections of insulin, monitoring of blood sugar and healthy eating.
How the disease acts in the body?
Treatments
Medications
Insulin therapy.
_The percentage of Tennessee adults with diabetes is 9.1%
-Percentage of population in Nashville 59% people of all ages with diabetes
Cont...
One should choose foods that are low in fat and calories and focus on eating fruits, vegetables and whole grain.
Exercise and weight loss alone can reduce the risk of diabetes, it can also prevent it completely.
There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Ashley lives With type 1. Her pancreas produces little to no insulin.The few that are produced are attacked by the body’s immune system. She was born with this disease, it is often found in children. She has to take medication for the rest of her life; she cannot get rid of it.
Marissa has type 2 diabetes. Her pancreas produces insulin but it dose not work properly in her body and sometimes not at all. Since insulin in her is not allowed to do its job properly her cells do not get glucose and her body does not get energy. With this disorder she will experience high blood sugar, which will require testing and medication.
Story has it they managed to keep a diabetic dog alive for an additional 70 days after ejecting him with a murky concoction of canine pancreas extract. After some help from Dr. Collip and Dr. Macleod, Banting and Best came up with a better extract.
They ejected the more refined extract of insulin into Leonard Thompson, a young boy dying from diabetes. Within 24 hours, Leonard's dangerously high blood sugars had dropped down to a normal level.
The discovery of the two types opened the door for better medication.
*1930's-They began using Pork and beef insulin
*1950's-Oral medication for Patients with type II were created.
*1960's-they developed Urine Strips, (Do yourself at home kits)
*1970's-Created insulin pumps

Eventually, insulin-producing cells can shut down and stop producing the hormone completely. Some people with type 2 diabetes needs insulin, but most don't. You may need to inject insulin to help replace or supplement your own natural
production of the hormone and to help your body overcome insulin resistance
How the disease acts in your body cont...
(Type 2) Diabetes is caused by a combination of poor diet, obesity, and lack of exercise. It can also be genetic or a complication of pregnancy.
How Diabetes Swept the Nation....
Fredrick Banting
Charles Best
How diabetic medications works in the body....
Stimulating the pancreas to produce and release more insulin
Inhibiting the production and release of glucose from the liver
Blocking the action of stomach enzymes that break down carbohydrates
Improving the sensitivity of cells to insulin
Full transcript