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A Nation Divided: the American Civil War in words and pictures

A timeline of some of the significant battles and events during the American Civil War.
by

Lisa Laudermilk

on 24 August 2011

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Transcript of A Nation Divided: the American Civil War in words and pictures

The Civil War 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 Confederate States of America is formed when South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina secede from the United States April The Civil War began with the attack on Fort Sumter Confederate victory July March Battle of the “Monitor” and the “Merrimac” (Ironclad ships) April The Battle of Shiloh a Union victory at a high cost - they lost 13,000 out of 63,000 soldiers and Confederates lost 11,000 of 40,000 soldiers June The Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks) command of the Army of Northern Virginia fell to Robert E. Lee First Battle of Bull Run Confederate victory September Antietam the bloodiest day of the war. 2,108 Union soldiers killed and 9,549 wounded; 2,700 Confederates killed and 9,029 wounded December January The Battle of Fredericksburg Confederate victory January Emancipation Proclamation declared all slaves free May The Battle of Chancellorsville Confederates’ most costly victory in terms of casualties The Vicksburg Campaign - the entire Mississippi River now under the control of the Union army and the Confederacy split in two June-July The Gettysburg Campaign: Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3 November President Lincoln dedicated part of the Gettysburg battlefield as a national cemetary and gave his famous "Gettysburg Address" September The Battle of Chickamauga Confederate victory The Battle of Chattanooga Union victory, set the stage for General Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign November-December The Siege of Knoxville Union victory Grant’s Wilderness Campaign Union troops suffered more casualties than the Confederates but the Confederates had no replacements June The Battle of Spotsylvania, Grant vowed to keep fighting The Battle of Cold Harbor Union lost over 7,000 men in twenty minutes Confederacy lost less but never recovered - this was Confederacy's last clear victory of the war June 1864-April 1865 The Siege of Petersburg a ten month siege and the loss of thousands of lives on both sides - Union victory July Confederate troops come within five miles of Washington, D.C. before being driven back to Virgina August-November Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign after months of hard fighting, Confederates surrendered Atlanta - the fall of Atlanta greatly boosted Northern morale November Sherman’s March to the Sea Abraham Lincoln re-elected, Sherman’s victory in Atlanta boosted Lincoln’s popularity and helped him win January Fall of the Confederacy - severe shortages of food and supplies in the South, starving soldiers began to desert February Sherman marches through North and South Carolina destroying almost everything in his path April Richmond falls April Did you know the First Texas Infantry lost 82% of their men killed, wounded and missing while fighting in the Cornfield at Antietam, the highest casualty rate for any Confederate regiment in one battle of the Civil War. May November May May November Did you know spies were very active on both sides during the Civil War. Elizabeth Van Lew (a Union spy) created a cipher code. Rose Greenhill (a Confederate spy) provided information which is believed to have been the key to Confederate success at Bull Run. Brothers against brothers Fathers against sons A Nation Divided Travel back in time for a look at Did you know the Confederate battle line at Fredericksburg stretched for seven miles on a series of hills and ridges west of the town. Field Hospital April 9, Palm Sunday - General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. The Civil War was officially over. Did you know even if one survived a wound, any projectile that hit bone in either an arm or a leg almost always caused amputation. It is estimated that 277,401 Union soldiers and 194,026 Confederated soldiers were wounded during the Civil War. Did you know Confederate Thomas Tibbs, a lieutenant in the 34th Virginia Infantry, led troops across his family farm during the last battle of Appomattox Courthouse. He fought in the last battle on his property, located just beyond the village. Union soldiers aboard the Monitor Did you know secede means to withdraw formally from a union. Archival footage of the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg July 1938. Around 2,000 veterans attended.
Courtesy of SoldiersMediaCenter, Army/Youtube, the official Youtube channel of the U.S. Army
www.youtube.com/watch?v=VgLUmiRLqW8 Video of the last surviving Union army veteran Albert Woolson a 14 year old drummer boy from Company C, 1st Minnesota Heavy Artillery Regiment. Woolson died in 1956 at age 106.
Courtesy of Ignatz Kolisch on Youtube.com
www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Td4xzS6r2E Image courtesy of http://www.globenie.com/CivilWar/CivilWar_battles/CivilWarBattles2.gif "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal..." Picture courtesy of the Library of Congress Union Soldiers Confederate Soldiers

Picture courtesy of the Library of Congress Image courtesy http://research.surnames.com/civil_war/default.htm Map courtesy of Dr. Paul Vronsky http://www.russianbooks.org/HST501/pixcivilwar/civilwarmap.jpg Picture courtesy of the Library of Congress Map courtesy of Civil War Preservation Trust http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/shiloh/maps/shilohmap2.html Picture courtesy of Library of Congress Union Soldiers at Antietam Battlefield Map courtesy of Civil War Preservation Trust http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fredericksburg/maps/slaughterpenfarmmap.html Image courtesy of http://connect.in.com/emancipation-proclamation/photos-1-1-1-e2f6e53e06c310e77f48767983acb86e.html Image courtesy of Old Glory Printshttp://www.oldgloryprints.com/Gettysburg_Address.jpg Picture courtesy of the Library of Congress Image courtesy of http://www.mycomputerengineer.com/compromise.jpg Picture courtesy of the Library of Congress Pictures courtesy of the Library of Congress Reunited
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