Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Thesis Presentation

Goldman Program Talk, Draft 1

Christopher Bennett

on 19 May 2010

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Thesis Presentation

2. Health The Earth at Night Energy Poverty Dirty Subsidies Data & Methods Results Moving up the ladder Discussion Chris Bennett
Goldman Interschool Honors Program
April 26, 2010 India's Dirty Subsidies and Clean Energy:
A Triple-Win Policy Reform? Why India? Energy Poverty: 3 Dimensional Impact 1. The Development Dynamic 3. Environment Subsidies:
Oil and Gas (INdustry)

Electricity Electricity Subsidies Cross Subsidies- 24% rate
Administered by State SEBs
Favor rich, agricultural HH
The National SOlar Mission When energy subsidies also harm the environment, bring few social benefits,
and carry large economic costs, they represent an obvious candidate for
subsidy elimination, and their removal would be a “triple-win policy reform,”
-UNEP, 2008 Research Questions: Does removal of India's Household Energy Subsidies represent a triple-win reform?
What are ENergy Subsidies? Government financial assistance that “influences energy market outcomes by lowering the cost of energy production, raising the price received by energy producers, or lowering the price paid by energy consumers,” WElfare benefits
Large Costs
Political Flashpoint Launched January 11, 2010
Part of India's NAPCC
Goal: 22 GW of SOlar energy By 2020 Kerosene + LPG National Administration
Public Distribution System
Kerosene Subsidy rate- 52%,
LPG Rate- 31%
Data Sources
1. Household Survey from Summer 2008

2. National Sample Survey 2006-2007

3. Reference Price Data: NSSO, Indiastat, IEA
Distribution by Income Category Overall DIstribution Efficiency: Savings Efficiency: Losses Resolution on budgets>efficiency. n=3172 Theoretical Methods Externalities SOlar Systems Efficient Cookstoves 1. Grant based support
2. patient Captial
3. Carbon Markets (International $) 1. Elimination of India's HH energy Subsidies DOES represent a triple-win:

2. Yet their elimination will be damaging to many, and is not very feasible

3. A commensurate investment in clean energy is needed, and there are a wide portfolio of options reg logcapita subsidyeffectindex
Coefficient: .655 t: 3.1 P>|t| .002
4. 2.56, t=5.71, p>|t| .042
3. .602, t=1.83, p>|t| .073
2. .125, t=o.77, p>|t| .447
1. .233 t=1.16, p>|t| .253 Externalities Welfare Measure change in household budgets as prices shift
Measure subsidy benefit as a function of income Solar Lanterns Past reform:
Electricity Act of 2003
Kerosene Reform
COnversation is changing Environmental Policy Environmental Technology How can the elimination of dirty energy subsidies best be paired with investment in clean energy interventions? SOlar Lanterns & the National Solar Mission
Efficient Cookstoves & Biochar
More efficient grid Take-away Points How realistic is reform? Investment Issues NSM Drastically Under-Funds SLS/SHS Closing the Funding Gap Solar Home Lighting Systems Demand Side Interventions SCope of Co-Benefits: SCope of Co-Benefits: SCope of Co-Benefits: State Focus: Maharastra A few neighborhoods
HH Survey Methods Pilot Survey
Quota Sampling
4 interviewers: myself, advisor, 2 translators Resolution on income>distribution. n=164 69 households 95 households Environment Health Maharastra: 2.85 million tons CO2
India-Wide: 40.73 million tons Co2
Maharastra: 973,000 DALYs
INdia-Wide: 13.9 million DALYs

Who loses most? Overall Savings are Large, But benefits are diffuse
kerosene is easiest to eliminate, yet poor are hurt most
LPG harder, and electricity is the hardest

Urban: 75% of losses
Rural: 25% of losses -REduction in Trasmission and Distribution Losses
-Reduction in electrical carbon footprint
-Reduction in Energy pOverty 396,605 DALYs
275,677 tons of CO2
More savings in Black Carbon 180,705 DALYS
194,764 tons of CO2 Thanks!

Full transcript